Health Indicator Report of Infant mortality
The infant mortality rate is an important measure of a nation's health and a worldwide indicator of health status and social well-being. The top four causes of infant mortality in Utah are perinatal conditions (including preterm birth), birth defects, medical conditions of the infant, and sudden unexpected infant death (SUID).
Infant mortality: Deaths under 1 year of age, Utah and U.S., 1991-2021
NotesU.S. data from National Vital Statistics System (https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db427.htm#section_5).
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
- National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
DefinitionNumber of infants who died before their first birthday (under 365 days), per 1,000 live births.
NumeratorNumber of infants who died before their first birthday.
DenominatorTotal number of live births.
Healthy People Objective MICH-1.3:Reduce the rate of all infant deaths (within 1 year)
U.S. Target: 6.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
State Target: 4.6 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
Other ObjectivesReduce the racial disparity in infant mortality rates. Healthy People 2030 Objective MICH-02 aims to reduce the infant mortality rate to 5.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.
How Are We Doing?The infant mortality rate has declined throughout the past 30 years both locally and nationally. The Utah infant mortality rate decreased in 2021 to 4.7 deaths per 1,000 live births from 5.5 in 2020. During 2021, 219 Utah infants died before their first birthday.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?State vs U.S.:[[br]] Historically, the Utah infant mortality rate has been lower than the national rate. However, in 2020 the Utah infant mortality rate was 5.5 deaths per 1,000 live births, slightly higher than the U.S. rate of 5.4 deaths per 1,000 live births (CDC).
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Maternal and Infant Health Program is currently 1) reviewing data to identify modifiable risk factors for infant mortality and develop appropriate interventions; 2) promoting preconception and interconception health care for all women of childbearing age; and 3) collaborating with the Office of Health Equity on targeted interventions toward decreasing infant mortality in disparate populations.
Evidence-based PracticesThe Utah Department of Health and Human Services participates in the Utah Women and Newborn Quality Collaborative (UWNQC), a statewide perinatal quality collaborative. This workgroup of clinicians and public health professionals engages in the development and measurement of health care quality indicators and quality improvement projects in the areas of maternal and neonatal health issues.
Available Services'''Baby Your Baby Hotline:''' 1-800-826-9662[[br]] [https://babyyourbaby.org/][[br]] A resource to answer pregnancy related questions and locate services for the public. [[br]][[br]] '''Power Your Life website:''' [http://www.poweryourlife.org][[br]] Public education promoting optimal health prior to pregnancy.[[br]] [[br]] Social media for Power Your Life include:[[br]] *Facebook: [http://www.facebook.com/poweryourlifeut][[br]] *Twitter: @Poweryourlife2[[br]] *Instagram: @Poweryourlifeut[[br]] [[br]] '''Utah Tobacco Quit Line:''' 1-888-567-8788[[br]][[br]] '''MotherToBaby Utah:'''[[br]] Phone - 1-800-822-2229[[br]] Text - 1-855-999-3525[[br]] Email - email@example.com[[br]] [[br]] A service to answer questions about what medications are safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding.[[br]] [[br]] Social media for MotherToBaby include:[[br]] *Facebook: [http://www.facebook.com/MotherToBaby][[br]] *Twitter: @MotherToBaby[[br]] *Pinterest: [http://www.pinterest.com/MotherToBaby][[br]] [[br]] '''Baby Watch Early Intervention Hotline:''' 1-800-961-4226[[br]] Utah network of services for children, birth to three years of age, with developmental delay or disabilities. [[br]][[br]] '''Utah Women and Newborn Quality Collaborative:''' [https://mihp.utah.gov/uwnqc][[br]] Provider and patient education to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes. [[br]][[br]] '''March of Dimes:''' [http://www.marchofdimes.org][[br]] The mission of the March of Dimes is to improve the health of babies by preventing birth defects, premature birth and infant mortality.[[br]] *Facebook: [https://www.facebook.com/marchofdimes][[br]] *Twitter: @MarchofDimes[[br]] *YouTube: [https://www.youtube.com/marchofdimes][[br]] [[br]] '''University of Utah Health Care Parent-to-Parent Support Group:''' 1-801-581-2098[[br]] Support Program for families of high risk/critically ill newborns.[[br]][[br]] '''Share Parents of Utah''': A support program for families experiencing pregnancy loss or death of an infant[[br]] 801-272-5355[[br]] [http://sputah.org/]
Health Program InformationBreastfeeding may reduce infant mortality. The "Stepping Up for Utah Babies" Program was developed by the Utah Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and partners to recognize Utah hospitals that have taken steps to promote, protect, educate, and encourage breastfeeding in their facilities. Using a learning collaborative model, hospitals can implement 2, 4, 6, 8, or all 10 of the evidence-based steps to successful breastfeeding identified by the World Health Organization and UNICEF ([https://www.babyfriendlyusa.org/for-facilities/practice-guidelines/10-steps-and-international-code/]). A tool kit was adapted and developed outlining best practices, resources, action plans, and barriers to implementing each of the steps. Hospitals that successfully implement each two-step interval (up to 10 steps) will be certified by the Utah DHHS and recognized through media and public celebrations. The Utah DHHS is also a participant in the Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) Case Registry, a research project hosted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention- Division of Reproductive Health. The SUID Case Registry collects data about the circumstances associated with SUID deaths and conducts investigations into these deaths. Collected data enables the state to develop strategies to prevent future deaths.
Page Content Updated On 01/20/2023, Published on 03/16/2023