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More Information and References for Birth Rates

References and Community Resources

Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Osterman MJK. Births in the United States, 2020. NCHS Data Brief, no 418. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2021. DOI: Hanley GE, Hutcheon JA, Kinniburgh BA, and Lee K. Interpregnancy Interval and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes An Analysis of Successive Pregnancies. Obstetrics & Gynecology; vol 129 no 3. 2017. Accessed at [] on 11/4/2019.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 12 August 2022 14:24:55 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: ".

Content updated: Thu, 4 Nov 2021 15:42:12 MDT