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Complete Health Indicator Report of Birth Rates

Definition

Number of live births per 1,000 population.

Numerator

Number of live births.

Denominator

Number of persons in population.

Why Is This Important?

Tracking birth rate patterns among Utah and U.S. women as a whole is critical to understanding population growth and change in this country and in Utah. Birth rates directly relate to a population's need for timely and appropriate preconception, prenatal, neonatal, and postpartum care.

How Are We Doing?

In 2019, there were 46,832 live births to Utah residents, a rate of 14.6 per 1,000 Utahns. This is a small decrease from the 2018 birth rate of 14.9, and ultimately, the lowest birth rate in a decade.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah continued to report a higher birth rate than the U.S. with 14.6 live births per 1,000 total population in 2019. The provisional U.S. birth rate in 2019 was 11.4 per 1,000 population, a small decrease from the 2018 rate of 11.6.

What Is Being Done?

Having an overall high birth rate is not a risk factor for poor health outcomes. However, elevated teen pregnancy rates are a concern as these pregnancies are considered to be at higher risk. The U.S. provisional birth rate for teenagers in 2019 was 16.6 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19, down 5% from 2018 (17.4), reaching another record low for this age group. The rate has declined by 60% since 2007 (41.5), the most recent period of continued decline, and 73% since 1991, the most recent peak. The rate has declined an average of 8% annually from 2007 to 2018. The Utah teen birth rate for those 15 through 19 years also decreased to a rate of 12.0 in 2019. A variety of educational and prevention activities are targeted to decrease teen birth rates.

Available Services

Access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers, Planned Parenthood Association of Utah, Family Planning Elevated, and private providers. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from community health centers and clinics. A 2018 Utah law allows pharmacies to dispense three types of contraception - pills, patch, or ring - through a standing order signed by the executive director of the Utah Department of Health. Women who are are 18 years and older can go to any participating pharmacy to receive her pills, patch, or ring directly from the pharmacist. For more information and to see a list of participating pharmacies see [https://mihp.utah.gov/birthcontrol]. Preconception and interpregnancy health information is available from the Utah Department of Health. [http://www.poweryourlife.org/] Follow Power Your Life on:[[br]] Facebook: [https://www.facebook.com/poweryourlifeut/][[br]] Pinterest: [https://www.pinterest.com/poweryourlifeut/][[br]] Instagram: [https://www.instagram.com/poweryourlifeut/]


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

Access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers, Planned Parenthood Association of Utah clinic, and private providers. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from community health centers and clinics. A 2018 Utah law allows pharmacies to dispense three types of contraception - pills, patch, or ring - through a standing order signed by the executive director of the Utah Department of Health. Women who are are 18 years and older can go to any participating pharmacy to receive her pills, patch, or ring directly from the pharmacist. For more information and to see a list of participating pharmacies see [https://mihp.utah.gov/birthcontrol].

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Interpregnancy spacing, the timing between a live birth and the next pregnancy, can have a risk of pregnancy complications, such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age. Research has shown that short intervals (less than 18 months) and long intervals (60+ months) were associated with higher risks of negative health outcomes for mother and baby. In 2019, 17.0% of Utah moms did not wait the recommended 18 months to become pregnant again.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Birth Rates, Utah and U.S., 2009-2019

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confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearNumber of Births per 1,000 ResidentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 22
Utah200919.819.619.9
Utah201018.818.619.0
Utah201118.218.018.3
Utah201218.018.918.2
Utah201317.617.417.7
Utah201417.417.317.6
Utah201517.016.917.2
Utah201616.616.416.7
Utah201715.615.515.8
Utah201814.914.815.1
Utah201914.614.514.7
U.S.200913.5
U.S.201013.0
U.S.201112.7
U.S.201212.6
U.S.201312.4
U.S.201412.5
U.S.201512.4
U.S.201612.2
U.S.201711.8
U.S.201811.6
U.S.201911.4

Data Notes

U.S. Provisional 2019 data. Utah's birth rate for 2019 is from the final data.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, on-line data - CDC WONDER
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2019
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Birth Rate by Age, Utah, 2019

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confidence limits

Age GroupBirth Rate per 1,000 Women in the Same Age GroupLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 6
15-1912.011.412.6
20-2473.672.175.1
25-29131.3129.2133.3
30-34115.4113.4117.4
35-3951.550.152.8
40-4412.011.312.6

Data Notes

An age-specific birth rate is the number of births to women in a certain age group per 1,000 women in the same age group (e.g., births to adolescent mothers per 1,000 adolescent girls of the same age group in the Utah population).

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2019
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


Birth Rate by Mother's Race, Utah, 2019

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confidence limits

RaceRate per 1,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 5
American Indian/Native Alaskan9.88.910.7
Asian13.512.714.3
Black18.617.419.9
Pacific Islander13.412.214.7
White13.813.714.0

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2019
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


Birth Rate by Mother's Ethnicity, Utah, 2019

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confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityRate per 1,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 3
Hispanic17.517.117.8
Non-Hispanic13.413.313.5
All Utahns14.614.514.7

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2019
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


Birth Rates by Utah Small Area, 2019

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confidence limits

Utah Small AreasNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Total PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 101
Brigham City14.112.715.7
Box Elder Co (Other) V213.111.215.2
Tremonton17.615.719.6
Logan V215.214.216.3
North Logan17.716.019.4
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V213.612.215.1
Hyrum14.812.517.5
Smithfield18.616.421.0
Ben Lomond14.914.015.9
Weber County (East)10.69.611.7
Morgan County11.09.213.0
Ogden (Downtown)14.613.515.8
South Ogden13.712.615.0
Roy/Hooper13.612.614.7
Riverdale14.112.715.5
Clearfield Area/Hooper15.915.016.8
Layton/South Weber15.014.215.8
Kaysville/Fruit Heights11.710.712.8
Syracuse11.910.713.2
Centerville12.911.314.7
Farmington11.510.212.9
North Salt Lake17.315.619.2
Woods Cross/West Bountiful14.012.216.0
Bountiful15.314.216.4
SLC (Rose Park)12.511.413.7
SLC (Avenues)8.67.59.9
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)12.110.613.7
Magna16.114.717.7
SLC (Glendale) V215.113.616.7
West Valley (Center)16.215.117.3
West Valley (West) V214.813.516.2
West Valley (East) V216.715.717.9
SLC (Downtown) V27.46.68.3
SLC (Southeast Liberty)9.48.210.8
South Salt Lake13.912.615.4
SLC (Sugar House)12.811.714.1
Millcreek (South)10.59.212.0
Millcreek (East)11.29.912.7
Holladay V29.98.811.3
Cottonwood11.210.212.3
Kearns V216.815.518.1
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)15.113.916.4
Taylorsville (West)13.712.614.9
Murray15.514.216.8
Midvale17.816.419.3
West Jordan (Northeast) V215.313.916.7
West Jordan (Southeast)13.912.815.1
West Jordan (W)/Copperton14.213.215.3
South Jordan V212.111.013.2
Daybreak14.213.115.5
Sandy (West)13.712.415.0
Sandy (Center) V212.811.614.2
Sandy (Northeast)9.88.511.1
Sandy (Southeast)8.17.19.2
Draper11.911.013.0
Riverton/Bluffdale17.816.719.1
Herriman18.617.519.8
Tooele County (Other)12.711.014.5
Tooele Valley14.013.115.1
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley26.524.928.2
Lehi20.219.221.3
Saratoga Springs21.820.323.5
American Fork15.214.216.3
Alpine8.87.210.8
Pleasant Grove/Lindon15.714.716.7
Orem (North)18.617.320.0
Orem (West)23.221.824.7
Orem (East)16.014.517.7
Provo/BYU13.112.114.1
Provo (West City Center)22.020.523.6
Provo (East City Center)17.115.718.5
Salem City14.512.217.0
Spanish Fork17.015.818.2
Springville18.517.120.0
Mapleton13.711.616.1
Utah County (South) V219.717.622.1
Payson15.414.016.9
Park City7.86.98.9
Summit County (East)13.411.415.6
Wasatch County11.610.512.8
Daggett and Uintah County14.913.716.2
Duchesne County15.513.817.3
Nephi/Mona15.112.817.7
Delta/Fillmore14.812.517.3
Sanpete Valley11.910.513.4
Central (Other)12.811.414.3
Richfield/Monroe/Salina13.111.315.0
Carbon County11.39.912.9
Emery County12.810.715.2
Grand County9.37.511.5
Blanding/Monticello10.78.513.2
San Juan County (Other)5.53.97.4
St. George12.611.913.4
Washington Co (Other) V211.99.914.1
Washington City11.310.112.6
Hurricane/La Verkin11.09.812.3
Ivins/Santa Clara8.77.410.2
Cedar City14.813.816.0
Southwest LHD (Other)10.99.712.3
State of Utah14.614.514.7
U.S.11.4

Data Notes

To get more information on Utah Small Area definitions, go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/UtahSmallAreaInfo.pdf]. U.S. Provisional 2019 data are the latest available.

Data Sources

  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2019
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Birth Rates by Local Health District, Utah, 2019

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Local Health DistrictNumber of Births per 1,000 ResidentsLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 15
Bear River15.615.016.2
Central13.112.313.9
Davis County14.314.014.7
Salt Lake County13.813.614.0
San Juan10.38.812.1
Southeast11.110.112.2
Southwest12.512.012.9
Summit9.38.410.3
Tooele13.712.914.6
TriCounty14.914.016.0
Utah County18.318.018.6
Wasatch11.410.312.6
Weber-Morgan13.613.214.1
State of Utah14.614.514.7
U.S.11.42019 Provisional Data

Data Notes

U.S. Provisional 2019 data are the latest available.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2019
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

References and Community Resources

National Vital Statistics Rapid Release. ''Birth: Provisional Data for 2019.'' Accessed at [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/vsrr/vsrr-8-508.pdf] on 10/13/20. Hanley GE, Hutcheon JA, Kinniburgh BA, and Lee K. Interpregnancy Interval and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes An Analysis of Successive Pregnancies. Obstetrics & Gynecology; vol 129 no 3. 2015. Accessed at [https://beforeandbeyond.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/SIPI-and-Longitudinal-Adverse-Preg-Outcomes-Hanley-2017.pdf] on 11/4/2019.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/16/2020, Published on 12/21/2020
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 17 June 2021 14:55:29 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Mon, 21 Dec 2020 15:46:43 MST