Important Facts for Immunizations - HPV, Adolescents
DefinitionRates of HPV immunization (series initiation and up-to-date) among Utah adolescents.
NumeratorNumber of Utah survey respondents aged 13-17 that have received 1 or more HPV vaccinations and that have an up-to-date HPV vaccination status.
DenominatorNumber of Utah survey respondents aged 13-17
Data Interpretation IssuesThe National Immunization Survey (NIS) is conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and uses a random-digit-dialing sample of landline and cellular telephone numbers to find households throughout the U.S. with teens ages 13-17 to participate in the survey. The NIS provides current, population-based, state and local area estimates of vaccination coverage among children and teens using a standard survey methodology. The survey collects data through telephone interviews with parents or guardians in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and some U.S. territories. The parents and guardians of eligible children are asked during the interview for the names of their children's vaccination providers and permission to contact them. With this permission, a questionnaire is mailed to each child's vaccination provider(s) to collect the information on the types of vaccinations, number of doses, dates of administration, and other administrative data about the health care facility. The NIS uses a nationally representative sample, and provides estimates of coverage that are weighted to represent the entire population, nationally, and by region, state, and selected large metro areas. The, large sample size (approximately 18,700) allows them to stratify (that is, subdivide) the data so that they can examine vaccination rates among different groups, for instance by income level, race, and urbanicity.
Why Is This Important?Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a cancer causing virus that infects the skin, genital area, and lining of the cervix. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States and in the world. Twenty million Americans are currently infected with HPV and an additional six million Americans are infected every year. Half of those newly infected with HPV are between 15 and 24 years of age. The HPV vaccine protects against nine types of HPV that cause disease (warts and cancer) in people.
Healthy People Objective IID-11.4:Increase the vaccination coverage level of 3 doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for females by age 13 to 15 years
U.S. Target: 80.0 percent