Health Indicator Report of Immunizations - HPV, Adolescents
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a cancer causing virus that infects the skin, genital area, and lining of the cervix. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States and in the world. Twenty million Americans are currently infected with HPV and an additional six million Americans are infected every year. Half of those newly infected with HPV are between 15 and 24 years of age. The HPV vaccine protects against nine types of HPV that cause disease (warts and cancer) in people.
HPV Up-to-date Vaccination Status by Sex, Utah, 2011-2018
NotesStarting in 2016, HPV vaccination was reported for males and females combined and separately. An up-to-date HPV vaccination measure was added to assess completion of the HPV vaccine series (2-doses separated by 5 months [minus 4 days] for immunocompetent adolescents initiating the HPV vaccine series before their 15th birthday and 3 doses for all others). For years prior to 2016, the up-to-date measure reported here is for >=3 HPV vaccines.
Data SourceNational Immunization Survey, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Data Interpretation IssuesThe National Immunization Survey (NIS) is conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and uses a random-digit-dialing sample of landline and cellular telephone numbers to find households throughout the U.S. with teens ages 13-17 to participate in the survey. The NIS provides current, population-based, state and local area estimates of vaccination coverage among children and teens using a standard survey methodology. The survey collects data through telephone interviews with parents or guardians in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and some U.S. territories. The parents and guardians of eligible children are asked during the interview for the names of their children's vaccination providers and permission to contact them. With this permission, a questionnaire is mailed to each child's vaccination provider(s) to collect the information on the types of vaccinations, number of doses, dates of administration, and other administrative data about the health care facility. The NIS uses a nationally representative sample, and provides estimates of coverage that are weighted to represent the entire population, nationally, and by region, state, and selected large metro areas. The, large sample size (approximately 18,700) allows them to stratify (that is, subdivide) the data so that they can examine vaccination rates among different groups, for instance by income level, race, and urbanicity.
DefinitionRates of HPV immunization (series initiation and up-to-date) among Utah adolescents.
NumeratorNumber of Utah survey respondents aged 13-17 that have received 1 or more HPV vaccinations and that have an up-to-date HPV vaccination status.
DenominatorNumber of Utah survey respondents aged 13-17
Healthy People Objective IID-11.4:Increase the vaccination coverage level of 3 doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for females by age 13 to 15 years
U.S. Target: 80.0 percent
How Are We Doing?The percentage of Utah adolescents with up-to-date HPV immunization has increased from 30.5% in 2016 to 43.2% in 2018.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The percentage of Utah adolescents adequately immunized for HPV is lower than the national rate. The Utah rate is one of the lowest in the nation; Utah ranks 42nd nationally for HPV immunization.
What Is Being Done?A large public media campaign to provide information about HPV vaccination and cancer prevention is ongoing in Utah. Information and media clips can be found at [https://cancerutah.org/cancers/hpv]. The Intermountain West HPV Vaccination Coalition has members in 20 states and meets regularly to identify barriers to HPV vaccination, build partnerships, and discuss HPV-related policy priorities and research efforts. Information about this coalition can be found at [https://healthcare.utah.edu/huntsmancancerinstitute/about-us/hpv-coalition.php]. The Immunization Program of the Utah Department of Health participated in a state-wide HPV work group along with Utah AHEC, American Cancer Society, and the Huntsman Cancer Institute with the primary goal of educating physicians on HPV vaccination and associated disease.
Available ServicesHPV vaccine is often covered by medical insurance. For patients that need assistance paying for HPV vaccine, the Vaccines for Children (VFC) program may be able to help. Information on the VFC program can be found at [https://immunize.utah.gov/vaccines-for-children-program/].
Page Content Updated On 12/24/2019, Published on 01/08/2020