Health Indicator Report of Immunizations - Recommended Immunizations by Age 24 Months
Immunizations are the most cost-effective health prevention measures. Development of vaccinations had been cited by the U.S. Public Health Service as one of the Ten Great Public Health Achievements in the 20th Century^1^. Vaccines play an essential role in reducing and eliminating disease. By two years of age, it is recommended that all children should have received 4 doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP), 3 doses of polio, 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), 3 doses of Hepatitis B, full series of ''Haemophilus influenzae'' type B (Hib) (3 of 4 doses depending on product type received), 1 dose of Varicella, and 4 doses of pneumococcal vaccine. This recommendation is referred to in shorthand as "4:3:1:3:3:1:4." [[br]][[br]] ---- 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999). Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999: Impact of vaccines universally recommended for children -- United States 1990-1998. ''Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report,'' Vol. 48, (12);243-248. Atlanta, GA: author.
Childhood Immunization Coverage by Antigen, Utah, 2018
Notes* 3 or 4 doses of ''Haemophilus influenzae'' type b conjugate vaccine, depending on vaccine type. This data is from the National Immunization Survey (NIS). NIS reports these vaccine coverage estimates for 24-month-old children by birth year (i.e. 2018 survey data contains estimates for the 24-month-old children from birth year 2016).
Data SourceNational Immunization Survey, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Data Interpretation IssuesThe National Immunization Survey (NIS) is conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and uses a random-digit-dialing sample of landline and cellular telephone numbers to find households throughout the U.S. with children who are or will be 19-35 months within a few weeks of being selected to participate in the survey. Data are used to monitor vaccination coverage among 2-year-old children at the national, state, selected local levels, and some in U.S. territories. They ask parents or guardians to tell them the vaccines (with dates) that appear on the child's "shot card" kept in the home, and they also collect demographic and socioeconomic information. At the end of the interview, they ask for permission to contact the child's vaccination providers. Vaccine providers are then contacted by mail to verify each child's vaccinations. The NIS uses a nationally representative sample, and provides estimates of coverage that are weighted to represent the entire population, nationally, and by region, state, and selected large metro areas. The large sample size (approximately 15,000) allows them to stratify (that is, subdivide) the data so that they can examine vaccination rates among different groups, for instance by income level, race, education level of mothers, and other factors. In previous years NIS Child data was reported for 19-35 month old children by survey year. However, in 2019 NIS began reporting immunization estimates based on the birth year of respondents. At the time of the change, the birth year estimates were made available back to birth year 2013 and are displayed in an accompanying data view in this Indicator Report.
DefinitionChildren aged 24 months who received the recommended vaccines (4 DTaP, 3 Polio, 1 MMR, 3 Hep B, Hib full series, 1 Varicella, and 4 PCV).
NumeratorNumber of survey respondents aged 24 months that have received at least 4 doses of DTaP, 3 doses of Polio, 1 dose of MMR, 3 doses of Hep B, 3 or 4 doses of Hib (depending on product type), 1 dose of Varicella, and 4 Pneumococcal.
DenominatorTotal survey respondents aged 24 months.
Healthy People Objective IID-7:Achieve and maintain effective vaccination coverage levels for universally recommended vaccines among young children
U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators ===Healthy People 2020 related subobjectives and targets for IID-7:=== IID-7.1: Maintain an effective vaccination coverage level of 4 doses of the diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine among children by age 19 to 35 months[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent [[br]][[br]] IID-7.2: Achieve and maintain an effective vaccination coverage level of 3 or 4 doses of ''Haemophilus influenzae'' type b (Hib) vaccine among children by age 19 to 35 months[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent [[br]][[br]] IID-7.3: Maintain an effective vaccination coverage level of 3 doses of hepatitis B (hep B) vaccine among children by age 19 to 35 months[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent [[br]][[br]] IID-7.4: Maintain an effective coverage level of 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine among children by age 19 to 35 months[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent [[br]][[br]] IID-7.5: Maintain an effective coverage level of 3 doses of polio vaccine among children by age 19 to 35 months[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent [[br]][[br]] IID-7.6: Maintain an effective coverage level of 1 dose of varicella vaccine among children by age 19 to 35 months[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent [[br]][[br]] IID-7.7: Achieve and maintain an effective coverage level of 4 doses of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) among children by age 19 to 35 months[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent
How Are We Doing?Coverage levels in Utah have increased in past six years from 67.2% of 2-year-old children fully immunized in 2013 to 72.0% in 2018. These data typically fluctuate from year to year and it is useful to look at 5-10 year trends to gain a clear understanding of how well children are being immunized in Utah.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The Utah coverage rate for 4:3:1:3:3:1:4 immunization among 24-month-old children with the birth year 2016 was 72.0% while the United States coverage rate was 68.7%. Utah ranked 22 out of 50 states for this measure.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health Immunization Program conducts annual assessments of private and public health care providers' immunization records to obtain state immunization levels. During these site visits, Utah Immunization Program provider representatives also train clinic staff on appropriate vaccine storage, handling, and administration according to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended practices. Utah also has immunization coalitions that are working to maintain or improve current levels of immunization and to increase public awareness of immunizations. The Utah Statewide Immunization Information System (USIIS) provides a mechanism for health care providers to track patient immunizations and send reminder cards to Utah parents whose children are due for immunizations. The USIIS also includes adult immunizations such as pneumonia, tetanus, and influenza. Due to the increased costs of vaccine, public health clinics are now able to provide publicly purchased vaccine only to those who meet eligibility criteria and don't have insurance coverage.
Available ServicesVaccines for Children (VFC) Program: This program provides vaccines to participating providers for children birth through 18 years of age who meet at least one of the following criteria: *Enrolled in Medicaid *Enrolled in the Utah Children's Health Insurance Program *Not insured: A child who has no health insurance coverage *American Indian or Alaska Native: As defined by the Indian Health Care Improvement Act (25 U.S.C. 1603) *Under-insured: A child who has commercial (private) health insurance but the coverage does not include vaccines, a child whose insurance covers only selected vaccines (VFC-eligible for non-covered vaccines only), or a child whose insurance caps vaccine coverage at a certain amount. Once that coverage amount is reached, the child is categorized as under-insured. Under-insured children are eligible to receive VFC vaccine only through a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) or Rural Health Clinic (RHC).[[br]] [[br]] Information about VFC is available on our website at: [http://www.immunize-utah.org/vaccines%20for%20children%20program/index.html]. General information about immunizations for school-age children, adolescents, college students/missionaries, adults, and travel is available on our web site: [http://www.immunize-utah.org]. For information on vaccine providers in your area, contact the Immunization Hotline at 1-800-275-0659.
Page Content Updated On 10/28/2019, Published on 10/29/2019