Health Indicator Report of Utah Population Characteristics: Poverty, Children Age 17 and Under
Poverty takes into account both income and family size, and has both immediate and long-lasting effects on health. Income provides an assessment of the financial resources available to individual persons or families for basic necessities (e.g., food, clothing, and health care) to maintain or improve their well-being. Persons living in poverty are worse off than persons in more affluent households for many of the indicators tracked by the Utah Department of Health. Poverty in the early years of a child's life, more than at any other time, has especially harmful effects on continuing healthy development and well-being, including developmental delays and infant mortality. Well-being in later childhood, such as teen pregnancy, substance abuse, and educational attainment, is also influenced by early childhood poverty.
The data for this graph come from the Current Population Survey (CPS) for years 1995-2007, from the American Community Survey (ACS) for years 2008-2016 and from Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates for years 2017-2019
Percentage of Children in Poverty by Year, Utah and U.S., 1995-2019
NotesBoth the ACS and CPS data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value.
- U.S. Current Population Survey
- U.S. Bureau of the Census
- American Community Survey
Data Interpretation IssuesPoverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values called thresholds that vary by family size, number of children, and age of householder. If a family's before tax money income is less than the dollar value of their threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. For people not living in families, poverty status is determined by comparing the individual's income to his or her threshold. The poverty thresholds are updated annually to allow for changes in the cost of living using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U). They do not vary geographically. The poverty threshold for a family of four including two children was $25,926 in 2019.
DefinitionPercentage of children (age 17 and under) living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty threshold.
NumeratorEstimated number of of children (age 17 and under) living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty threshold as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.
DenominatorEstimated number of children (age 17 and under) in the population.
Healthy People Objective SDOH-3.2:Proportion of children aged 0-17 years living in poverty
U.S. Target: Not applicable; this measure is being tracked for informational purposes.
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators
How Are We Doing?According to the American Community Survey (ACS), an estimated 9.9% of Utah children aged 17 or under (approximately 91,433 Utah children) were living in poverty in 2019. Children born into poverty are less likely to have regular health care, proper nutrition, and opportunities for mental stimulation and enrichment.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Utah has a lower percentage of children in poverty than the U.S. as a whole, 9.9% vs. 16.8% in 2019.
What Is Being Done?While the Utah Department of Health has no program designed to reduce the number of children in poverty, there are programs such as Medicaid and CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program) that pay for health care for eligible children.
Available ServicesFor information on the Medicaid program: [[br]] In the Salt Lake City area, call 801-538-6155.[[br]] In Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Nevada, call toll-free 1-800-662-9651.[[br]] From other states, call 1-801-538-6155.[[br]] Medicaid Customer Service staff are available to take inquiries.[[br]] Or visit the Utah Medicaid website:[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/medicaid/][[br]] [[br]] For information on CHIP and the PCN:[[br]] Call the Health Resource Line: 1-888-222-2542[[br]] Or visit the their websites:[[br]] CHIP: Children's Health Insurance Program (for children 0-18) -[[br]] [http://www.health.state.ut.us/chip][[br]] PCN: Utah Primary Care Network (for low-income adults) -[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/pcn/][[br]] [[br]] Voices for Utah Children is a private, not-for-profit organization that advocates for children. Information about their activities may be found on their website - [http://www.utahchildren.org]
Page Content Updated On 12/22/2020, Published on 12/22/2020