DefinitionNumber of live births per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years.
NumeratorNumber of live births.
DenominatorTotal number of women aged 15-44 years in the population.
Data Interpretation IssuesThe age range can be slightly different, so it is important to note what age range is being used especially if comparison with other rates is contemplated.
Why Is This Important?The general fertility rate is a more precise measure of tracking birth rate patterns among Utah and U.S. women than is the crude birth rate. While the crude birth rate and the general fertility rate both look at the total number of live births among the population, the crude birth rate is calculated using the total population including the young, old, male, and female. The general fertility rate is calculated using only females of reproductive age - defined as ages 15 through 44 years - residing in Utah during a specified time period. This results in a more sensitive indicator with which to study population growth and change.
How Are We Doing?The general fertility rate in Utah has decreased from a high of 95.6 live births per 1,000 women aged 15 through 44 years of age in 2007 to 68.4 in 2018.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The final 2018 general fertility rate for the United States was 59.1 births per 1,000 women aged 15-44, a decline of 2% from the rate in 2017 (60.3) and a record low rate for the country. In 2018, the Utah general fertility rate of 68.4 was higher than the U.S. general fertility rate.
What Is Being Done?Addressing the overall high fertility rate is outside of the public health domain as this is a cultural indicator. However, access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers, Planned Parenthood Association of Utah clinic, and private providers. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from community health centers and clinics.
A 2018 Utah law allows pharmacies to dispense three types of contraception - pills, patch, or ring - through a standing order signed by the executive director of the Utah Department of Health. Women who are are 18 years and older can go to any participating pharmacy to receive her pills, patch, or ring directly from the pharmacist. For more information and to see a list of participating pharmacies see [https://mihp.utah.gov/birthcontrol].
Preconception and interpregnancy health information is available from the Utah Department of Health at [http://www.poweryourlife.org/].
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