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Complete Health Indicator Report of General Fertility Rate

Definition

Number of live births per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years.

Numerator

Number of live births.

Denominator

Total number of women aged 15-44 years in the population.

Data Interpretation Issues

The age range can be slightly different, so it is important to note what age range is being used especially if comparison with other rates is contemplated.

Why Is This Important?

The general fertility rate is a more precise measure of tracking birth rate patterns among Utah and U.S. women than is the crude birth rate. While the crude birth rate and the general fertility rate both look at the total number of live births among the population, the crude birth rate is calculated using the total population including the young, old, male, and female. The general fertility rate is calculated using only females of reproductive age - defined as ages 15 through 44 years - residing in Utah during a specified time period. This results in a more sensitive indicator with which to study population growth and change.

How Are We Doing?

The general fertility rate in Utah has decreased from a high of 95.6 live births per 1,000 women aged 15 through 44 years of age in 2007 to 68.4 in 2018.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The final 2018 general fertility rate for the United States was 59.1 births per 1,000 women aged 15-44, a decline of 2% from the rate in 2017 (60.3) and a record low rate for the country. In 2018, the Utah general fertility rate of 68.4 was higher than the U.S. general fertility rate.

What Is Being Done?

Addressing the overall high fertility rate is outside of the public health domain as this is a cultural indicator. However, access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers, Planned Parenthood Association of Utah clinic, and private providers. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from community health centers and clinics. A 2018 Utah law allows pharmacies to dispense three types of contraception - pills, patch, or ring - through a standing order signed by the executive director of the Utah Department of Health. Women who are are 18 years and older can go to any participating pharmacy to receive her pills, patch, or ring directly from the pharmacist. For more information and to see a list of participating pharmacies see [https://mihp.utah.gov/birthcontrol]. Preconception and interpregnancy health information is available from the Utah Department of Health at [http://www.poweryourlife.org/]. Follow Power Your Life on:[[br]] Facebook: [https://www.facebook.com/poweryourlifeutah/][[br]] Pinterest: [https://www.pinterest.com/poweryourlifeut/][[br]] Instagram: [https://www.instagram.com/poweryourlifeut/]

Available Services

Access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers, Planned Parenthood Association of Utah clinic, and private providers. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from community health centers and clinics. A 2018 Utah law allows pharmacies to dispense three types of contraception - pills, patch, or ring - through a standing order signed by the executive director of the Utah Department of Health. Women who are are 18 years and older can go to any participating pharmacy to receive her pills, patch, or ring directly from the pharmacist. For more information and to see a list of participating pharmacies see [https://mihp.utah.gov/birthcontrol]. Preconception and interpregnancy health information is available from the Utah Department of Health at [http://www.poweryourlife.org/]. Follow Power Your Life on:[[br]] Facebook: [https://www.facebook.com/poweryourlifeutah/][[br]] Pinterest: [https://www.pinterest.com/poweryourlifeut/][[br]] Instagram: [https://www.instagram.com/poweryourlifeut/]


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

Access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers, Planned Parenthood Association of Utah clinic, and private providers. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from community health centers and clinics. A 2018 Utah law allows pharmacies to dispense three types of contraception - pills, patch, or ring - through a standing order signed by the executive director of the Utah Department of Health. Women who are are 18 years and older can go to any participating pharmacy to receive her pills, patch, or ring directly from the pharmacist. For more information and to see a list of participating pharmacies see [https://mihp.utah.gov/birthcontrol].

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Interpregnancy spacing, the timing between a live birth and the next pregnancy, can have a risk of pregnancy complications, such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age. Research has shown that short intervals (less than 18 months) and long intervals (60+ months) were associated with higher risks of negative health outcomes for mother and baby. In 2018, 17.2% of Utah mothers did not wait the recommended 18 months to become pregnancy again. [[br]] [[br]] ---- Copen CE, Thoma ME, Kirmeyer S. Interpregnancy intervals in the United States: Data from the birth certificate and the National Survey of Family Growth. National vital statistics reports; vol 64 no 3. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015. Accessed at [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_03.pdf] on 11/13/2015.



Graphical Data Views

General Fertility Rates, Utah vs. U.S., 2008-2018

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confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Women Aged 15-44Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 22
Utah200894.894.095.5
Utah200990.489.691.1
Utah201086.385.687.1
Utah201183.682.984.4
Utah201283.082.383.7
Utah201380.980.281.6
Utah201480.279.681.0
Utah201578.577.879.2
Utah201676.475.777.0
Utah201771.971.272.5
Utah201868.467.869.0
U.S.200868.1
U.S.200966.2
U.S.201064.1
U.S.201163.2
U.S.201263.0
U.S.201362.5
U.S.201462.9
U.S.201562.5
U.S.201662.0
U.S.201760.3
U.S.201859.1

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Fertility Rates by Age, Utah, 2018

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confidence limits

Age GroupFertility Rate per 1,000 Women in the Same Age GroupLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 6
15-1913.112.513.8
20-2478.076.479.5
25-29132.5130.4134.5
30-34117.0115.0119.1
35-3951.650.352.9
40-4411.410.712.1

Data Notes

Data are based on the number of live births per 1,000 women in the same age group.

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


General Fertility Rates by Utah Small Area, 2018

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confidence limits

Utah Small AreasNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Women Ages 15-44Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 101
Brigham City68.361.375.9
Box Elder Co (Other) V268.858.480.4
Tremonton86.576.997.0
Logan V260.156.264.0
North Logan74.868.282.0
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V268.061.075.7
Hyrum76.164.489.4
Smithfield88.477.7100.1
Ben Lomond71.466.976.0
Weber County (East)62.256.568.4
Morgan County57.848.368.6
Ogden (Downtown)70.765.376.5
South Ogden67.461.973.3
Roy/Hooper63.358.668.3
Riverdale63.156.869.8
Clearfield Area/Hooper75.671.479.9
Layton/South Weber69.465.673.3
Kaysville/Fruit Heights66.160.572.1
Syracuse62.056.168.4
Centerville75.466.385.3
Farmington62.655.969.8
North Salt Lake75.167.383.5
Woods Cross/West Bountiful67.559.276.6
Bountiful81.375.587.4
SLC (Rose Park)70.364.676.3
SLC (Avenues)36.631.841.8
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)59.852.767.5
Magna67.561.374.1
SLC (Glendale) V268.361.575.6
West Valley (Center)71.867.076.9
West Valley (West) V260.955.466.8
West Valley (East) V277.672.682.8
SLC (Downtown) V234.130.737.9
SLC (Southeast Liberty)38.933.844.5
South Salt Lake67.060.873.8
SLC (Sugar House)57.051.862.6
Millcreek (South)65.658.173.8
Millcreek (East)64.757.772.2
Holladay V265.858.773.4
Cottonwood52.347.457.5
Kearns V266.461.371.8
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)71.265.677.2
Taylorsville (West)61.356.266.8
Murray69.363.775.3
Midvale79.072.885.9
West Jordan (Northeast) V267.461.573.8
West Jordan (Southeast)61.256.166.6
West Jordan (W)/Copperton58.153.962.6
South Jordan V259.654.465.2
Daybreak61.055.866.7
Sandy (West)58.753.164.7
Sandy (Center) V258.452.664.7
Sandy (Northeast)57.850.765.5
Sandy (Southeast)45.540.051.5
Draper56.952.361.8
Riverton/Bluffdale75.670.381.3
Herriman81.376.486.5
Tooele County (Other)64.156.073.0
Tooele Valley64.059.468.8
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley107.5100.5114.8
Lehi88.984.393.6
Saratoga Springs101.093.5109.0
American Fork68.163.273.4
Alpine44.435.754.5
Pleasant Grove/Lindon68.464.173.0
Orem (North)107.1100.5114.1
Orem (West)77.171.982.5
Orem (East)75.167.883.0
Provo/BYU41.938.945.1
Provo (West City Center)87.881.794.2
Provo (East City Center)47.744.151.5
Salem City57.547.369.2
Spanish Fork81.776.187.6
Springville92.385.799.5
Mapleton61.851.573.5
Utah County (South) V297.786.9109.4
Payson80.473.388.1
Park City42.837.548.6
Summit County (East)73.962.886.3
Wasatch County66.660.573.2
Daggett and Uintah County78.472.285.1
Duchesne County96.987.3107.3
Nephi/Mona84.472.098.3
Delta/Fillmore71.759.885.2
Sanpete Valley53.547.260.4
Central (Other)72.064.080.7
Richfield/Monroe/Salina75.565.786.4
Carbon County64.656.973.0
Emery County67.656.280.6
Grand County57.246.569.5
Blanding/Monticello56.945.869.8
San Juan County (Other)44.534.256.9
St. George67.163.371.0
Washington Co (Other) V286.172.4101.7
Washington City67.360.374.8
Hurricane/La Verkin63.957.171.3
Ivins/Santa Clara64.555.574.7
Cedar City63.058.467.8
Southwest LHD (Other)78.570.187.7
State of Utah68.467.869.0
U.S.59.1

Data Notes

A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on the Methodology and Guidelines page: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html].

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


General Fertility Rates by Local Health District, Utah, 2018

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Local Health DistrictNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Women Aged 15-44Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 15
Bear River69.466.971.9
Central68.464.472.7
Davis County71.069.173.0
Salt Lake County62.861.863.7
San Juan63.154.373.0
Southeast64.158.570.2
Southwest69.867.472.3
Summit53.548.459.0
Tooele63.659.667.8
TriCounty83.978.689.4
Utah County76.875.478.2
Wasatch66.760.573.2
Weber-Morgan66.664.568.7
State of Utah68.467.869.0
U.S.59.1

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

References and Community Resources

NCHS Data Brief. ''Births in the United States, 2018.'' Accessed at: [https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db346-h.pdf] on 11/7/2019.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/21/2019, Published on 11/07/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 28 November 2020 10:54:11 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Thu, 7 Nov 2019 15:48:38 MST