Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Complete Health Indicator Report of Suicide

Definition

Suicide Death Rate: Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself per 100,000 population (ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03). Suicide Risk Among Students: Percentage of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Numerator

Suicide Death Rate: Number of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Denominator

Suicide Death Rate: Total number of persons in the population of Utah. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of surveyed Utah high school students.

Data Interpretation Issues

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as suicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey includes surveys of representative samples of 9th-12th grade students in public schools. The survey is conducted in odd years. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect data vary from year to year. With the introductions of active parental consent for Utah school surveys between 1997 and 1999, the student response rate for the survey decreased significantly. Participation in 2015 was too low to meet the reporting threshold as defined by CDC, so results for that year are not available.

Why Is This Important?

From 2018 to 2020, the age-adjusted suicide rate in Utah was 21.4 per 100,000 persons, with an average of 657 suicides per year. Utah had the 6th highest age-adjusted suicide rate in the U.S. in 2019. In 2020, suicide was the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10 to 17 and 18-24. It is the second leading cause of death for ages 25 to 44 and the fifth leading cause of death for ages 45-64. Overall, suicide is the eighth leading cause of death for Utahns (age-adjusted rate). Suicide deaths are only part of the problem. More people are hospitalized or treated in emergency rooms for suicide attempts than are fatally injured. In 2019, 70 Utahns were treated for self-inflicted injuries every day (15,875 treat-and-release emergency department visits plus 9,546 total hospitalizations). According to the 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, in the 12 months preceding the survey, Utah high school students reported the following: 36.7% felt sad or hopeless, 22.3% seriously considered attempting suicide, 18.7% made a suicide plan, 9.3% attempted suicide one or more times, and 2.1% had a suicide attempt that required medical attention. The 2019 Prevention Needs Assessment data indicate that overall, 62.2% of Utah students in grades 6, 8, 10, and 12 reported experiencing moderate depressive symptoms. Students were also asked social isolation questions and reported the following: 16.4% felt left out, 15.3% felt that people barely know me, 15.3% felt isolated from others and 19.4% felt that people are around me but not with me. All suicide attempts should be taken seriously. Suicide attempt survivors are often seriously injured, are likely to have depression and/or another mental health disorder, and are at an increased risk for suicide. Suicidal behavior is a serious and complex public health issue that takes an enormous toll on communities in both economical and human costs.

Healthy People Objective MHMD-1:

Reduce the suicide rate
U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 13.3 suicides per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

{{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2030 Objective IVP-41:}}[[br]] Reduce emergency department visits for nonfatal intentional self-harm injuries[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 144.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 91.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] [[br]] {{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2030 Objective MHMD-2:}}[[br]] Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 1.8 suicide attempts per 100 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 1.9 suicide attempts per 100 population

How Are We Doing?

The 2020 Utah age-adjusted suicide rate was 20.8 per 100,000 population. Males (32.7 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rate compared to females (8.9 per 100,000 population). In Utah from 2018 to 2020, males had significantly higher suicide rates than females in every age group. Males aged 35-44 had the highest suicide rates among males (46.6 per 100,000 population). Females aged 35-44 had the highest suicide rates among female age groups (14.2 per 100,000 population). From 2016 to 2020, TriCounty, Central Utah, Southeast Utah, and Weber-Morgan local health districts had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate. Among Utah Small Areas, Duchesne County, Southwest LHD (Other), SLC (Downtown), Grand County, and Nephi/Mona had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate during 2016-2020.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The Utah suicide rate has been consistently higher than the national rate. In 2019 (the most recent national-level data year available, data from the National Center for Health Statistics), the age-adjusted suicide rate for the U.S. was 13.93 per 100,000 population, while the Utah suicide rate was 21.18 per 100,000 population during the same year. Utah had the 6th-highest age-adjusted suicide rate in the U.S. during 2019.

What Is Being Done?

The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns to better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision-makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as suicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. The VIPP is also funded by the CDC to improve the timeliness of syndromic surveillance data of nonfatal suicide-related outcomes, including nonfatal self-directed violence and suicidal ideation. The VIPP partners with multiple state and local agencies including the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH), the Utah State Board of Education, the Office of the Medical Examiner, the National Alliance on Mental Illness Utah, local health departments, and many others to facilitate and build capacity for suicide prevention efforts across the state. VIPP also participates in the Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition, a state-level multi-sectoral group, and its seven workgroups that focus on specific populations and topic areas.

Available Services

All Counties, 24 Hours: [[br]] National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800) 273-TALK (8255) Safe UT App Mobile Crisis Outreach Team (MCOT) - for both Salt Lake County and statewide[[br]] 801-587-3000 The Trevor Project Trans Lifeline, (877) 565-8860 Live on Utah National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Utah American Foundation for Suicide Prevention

Health Program Information

The mission of the Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is to be a trusted and comprehensive resource for data and technical assistance related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. The VIPP envisions a Utah where communities thrive and Utahns feel connected, safe, and supported. To realize this vision and mission, VIPP's strategic plan utilizes a Shared Risk and Protective Factor framework that includes interventions across the Social Ecological Model including primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies. As such, VIPP has identified these super factors that will guide their work over the next five-plus years; o Healthcare Access: Improve access and utilization to physical and behavioral healthcare. o Economic Stability: Improve socio-economic condition for Utahns. o Social Norms: Encourage social norms that promote safety and health. o Built Environment: Enhance the physical environment to improve safe and healthy living. o Connectedness: Promote individual, family, and community connectedness.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Males had a significantly higher suicide rate compared to females in every age group in 2016-2018.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Many conditions and stressors may be related to suicide including: *Previous suicide attempt(s) *History of depression or other mental illness *Alcohol or drug abuse *Family history of suicide or violence *Physical illness *Local epidemics of suicide[[br]] [[br]] Source: [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/riskprotectivefactors.html] (accessed 11/4/2019)

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Suicide is death caused by injuring oneself with the intent to die. A suicide attempt is when someone harms themselves with the intent to end their life, but they do not die as a result of their actions. Those who attempt suicide and survive may have serious injuries like broken bones, brain damage, or organ failure. Also, people who survive often have depression and other mental health problems. Source: [https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/fastfact.html] (accessed 11/04/2019)

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Suicide by Sex and Year, Utah and U.S., Utah 2000-2020 and U.S. 2000-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 82
Utah Males200022.419.425.72221,125,924
Utah Males200125.622.529.02631,145,724
Utah Males200224.721.628.02591,167,096
Utah Males200326.223.129.62811,185,576
Utah Males200428.725.532.33091,206,120
Utah Males200525.422.428.72821,234,392
Utah Males200624.521.627.72741,268,616
Utah Males200724.621.827.72931,305,792
Utah Males200825.122.328.13111,338,516
Utah Males200927.524.630.73461,368,912
Utah Males201028.625.731.83691,395,564
Utah Males201129.926.933.23781,415,124
Utah Males201233.029.936.34291,436,040
Utah Males201333.029.936.34441,459,152
Utah Males201431.228.234.54171,479,156
Utah Males201532.529.535.74591,502,520
Utah Males201632.529.535.74591,533,384
Utah Males201734.131.137.34991,564,188
Utah Males201834.331.437.55151,590,156
Utah Males201933.030.236.15131,614,636
Utah Males202032.729.935.75151,639,008
Utah Females20007.25.69.1721,120,860
Utah Females20015.34.07.0531,140,204
Utah Females20027.76.19.7771,160,148
Utah Females20035.03.86.6541,177,008
Utah Females20046.24.87.9681,198,008
Utah Females20055.64.27.2621,225,884
Utah Females20067.35.89.1831,259,136
Utah Females20076.55.18.2751,293,756
Utah Females20086.14.87.7731,326,564
Utah Females20098.06.59.8971,356,564
Utah Females20107.66.29.4981,382,568
Utah Females20118.67.010.31131,402,296
Utah Females20129.07.410.81161,420,332
Utah Females20139.47.811.31261,442,184
Utah Females201410.28.512.01381,461,372
Utah Females201511.19.413.11501,483,308
Utah Females201610.89.112.71531,513,104
Utah Females201711.59.813.41641,541,904
Utah Females201810.08.411.71491,567,416
Utah Females20199.37.811.01411,591,452
Utah Females20208.97.510.61361,613,400
U.S. Males200017.723,618138,458,150
U.S. Males200118.224,672139,891,492
U.S. Males200218.525,409141,230,559
U.S. Males200318.125,203142,428,897
U.S. Males200418.125,566143,828,012
U.S. Males200518.125,907145,197,078
U.S. Males200618.126,308146,647,265
U.S. Males200718.527,269148,064,854
U.S. Males200819.028,450149,489,951
U.S. Males200919.229,089150,807,454
U.S. Males201019.830,277151,788,777
U.S. Males201120.031,003153,200,058
U.S. Males201220.331,780154,374,397
U.S. Males201320.232,055155,481,926
U.S. Males201420.733,162156,654,424
U.S. Males201521.133,994157,856,394
U.S. Males201621.334,727159,021,785
U.S. Males201722.436,782160,045,920
U.S. Males201822.837,761160,885,734
U.S. Males201922.437,256161,657,324
U.S. Females20004.05,732143,713,786
U.S. Females20014.15,950145,077,463
U.S. Females20024.26,246146,394,634
U.S. Females20034.26,281147,679,036
U.S. Females20044.56,873148,977,286
U.S. Females20054.46,730150,319,521
U.S. Females20064.56,992151,732,647
U.S. Females20074.67,329153,166,353
U.S. Females20084.87,585154,604,015
U.S. Females20094.97,820155,964,075
U.S. Females20105.08,087156,969,328
U.S. Females20115.28,515158,356,816
U.S. Females20125.48,820159,456,593
U.S. Females20135.59,094160,511,789
U.S. Females20145.89,664161,646,584
U.S. Females20156.110,199162,778,769
U.S. Females20166.010,238163,919,526
U.S. Females20176.110,391164,939,619
U.S. Females20186.210,583165,801,767
U.S. Females20196.010,255166,582,199

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2019
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Local Health District, Utah and U.S., Utah 2018-2020 and U.S. 2017-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River21.217.325.6111551,188
Central29.422.937.372247,080
Davis County18.816.221.61891,065,864
Salt Lake County21.519.923.17393,473,328
San Juan25.812.646.9*1146,080
Southeast25.417.136.432121,896
Southwest24.020.428.0174759,768
Summit18.511.628.123126,708
Tooele22.716.430.545217,032
TriCounty32.023.742.251170,532
Utah County18.116.020.33151,909,092
Wasatch13.47.023.113103,092
Weber-Morgan24.821.428.6195814,968
State of Utah21.420.422.41,9709,616,068
U.S.14.1143,028979,912,563

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Utah Small Area, 2016-2020

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 100
Brigham City26.818.238.032127,540
Box Elder Co (Other) V213.05.227.0*760,950
Tremonton23.613.937.61886,248
Logan V222.116.229.556288,489
North Logan13.77.423.216117,440
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V216.39.525.918124,283
Hyrum17.66.438.4*745,571
Smithfield7.32.317.4*568,127
Ben Lomond31.024.938.192317,000
Weber County (East)22.015.630.339182,306
Morgan County15.16.429.9*859,770
Ogden (Downtown)29.622.438.459203,625
South Ogden26.119.035.146190,221
Roy/Hooper24.418.331.955242,122
Riverdale24.917.035.133141,122
Clearfield Area/Hooper23.418.429.577363,467
Layton/South Weber17.213.421.872420,498
Kaysville/Fruit Heights19.113.127.033195,953
Syracuse17.911.426.824147,873
Centerville8.53.118.6*687,332
Farmington20.211.932.218117,120
North Salt Lake16.28.527.914103,756
Woods Cross/West Bountiful26.214.044.71678,061
Bountiful22.816.830.251240,003
SLC (Rose Park)13.38.619.626184,020
SLC (Avenues)24.916.536.230118,184
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)19.011.429.620107,571
Magna22.315.031.930141,909
SLC (Glendale) V219.012.028.624126,391
West Valley (Center)19.113.925.646260,790
West Valley (West) V216.510.424.624158,295
West Valley (East) V225.819.633.560263,538
SLC (Downtown) V237.629.047.875193,584
SLC (Southeast Liberty)21.814.331.927115,445
South Salt Lake32.323.443.644136,791
SLC (Sugar House)29.721.939.350171,449
Millcreek (South)17.09.827.517111,112
Millcreek (East)14.98.923.519122,731
Holladay V227.719.039.035126,226
Cottonwood22.916.830.648212,421
Kearns V231.824.041.261204,465
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)22.516.030.740190,175
Taylorsville (West)17.912.225.333198,088
Murray23.717.032.243177,237
Midvale29.421.639.248159,569
West Jordan (Northeast) V223.816.633.037157,169
West Jordan (Southeast)16.811.323.931191,997
West Jordan (W)/Copperton16.611.623.038247,979
South Jordan V222.015.629.941201,062
Daybreak12.65.823.913163,453
Sandy (West)20.914.229.931148,736
Sandy (Center) V224.216.734.034147,513
Sandy (Northeast)16.59.826.019120,280
Sandy (Southeast)12.07.019.418152,934
Draper22.516.629.952232,523
Riverton/Bluffdale14.89.821.530222,603
Herriman18.613.225.543264,924
Tooele County (Other)19.610.633.21483,879
Tooele Valley24.418.431.858264,822
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley21.212.134.525176,435
Lehi14.310.119.741349,458
Saratoga Springs13.57.622.017150,434
American Fork18.813.226.039247,808
Alpine7.21.819.1*454,200
Pleasant Grove/Lindon20.215.226.555300,192
Orem (North)25.018.433.250196,952
Orem (West)19.112.927.137197,660
Orem (East)12.06.520.514118,567
Provo/BYU14.68.423.523265,206
Provo (West City Center)24.315.833.436172,626
Provo (East City Center)15.46.830.014175,720
Salem City17.97.635.6*849,427
Spanish Fork16.911.424.132219,344
Springville19.613.128.330172,151
Mapleton17.26.835.8*751,584
Utah County (South) V217.98.732.6*1172,873
Payson23.215.333.828136,522
Park City12.87.819.821149,524
Summit County (East)25.013.542.21458,863
Wasatch County14.69.322.023165,264
Daggett and Uintah County29.321.638.850183,824
Duchesne County39.427.554.93699,757
Nephi/Mona33.318.056.21449,417
Delta/Fillmore20.710.137.7*1150,114
Sanpete Valley27.017.440.126110,414
Central (Other)32.422.744.838117,857
Richfield/Monroe/Salina28.317.144.12075,356
Carbon County24.315.336.624102,008
Emery County29.215.949.01550,513
Grand County34.219.455.91748,489
Blanding/Monticello13.24.231.4*539,424
San Juan County (Other)28.813.553.8*1036,910
St. George27.222.232.9114460,184
Washington Co (Other) V219.88.639.0*953,569
Washington City30.420.743.034131,925
Hurricane/La Verkin19.412.029.623133,922
Ivins/Santa Clara31.018.948.02180,926
Cedar City20.414.627.744235,526
Southwest LHD (Other)38.828.052.447126,414
State of Utah22.221.423.03,245157,756,101

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Age Group and Sex, Utah, 2018-2020

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
Male10-14 years6.03.98.925414,504
Male15-17 years28.722.336.369240,660
Male18-19 years44.634.456.865145,908
Male20-24 years42.035.948.7171407,592
Male25-34 years44.539.849.6322724,080
Male35-44 years46.641.652.0322724,080
Male45-54 years46.641.652.0229500,544
Male55-64 years39.934.346.2178445,704
Male65-74 years28.823.235.391316,260
Male75+ years40.031.649.878195,264
Female10-14 years2.61.24.7*10391,140
Female15-17 years5.73.09.713229,308
Female18-19 years13.27.920.519144,504
Female20-24 years9.06.312.635386,904
Female25-34 years11.49.014.279692,820
Female35-44 years14.211.517.493653,676
Female45-54 years15.812.519.877487,200
Female55-64 years13.210.117.061462,372
Female65-74 years6.74.210.123343,104
Female75+ years6.63.810.716242,712

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Method of Injury and Sex, Utah, 2011-2020

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Method and SexYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 60
M Firearm201118.215.820.82241,415,124
M Firearm201219.817.422.52521,436,040
M Firearm201319.417.122.02571,459,152
M Firearm201418.216.020.82421,479,156
M Firearm201519.216.921.62671,502,520
M Firearm201618.716.421.22581,533,384
M Firearm201720.718.423.32961,564,188
M Firearm201819.517.321.92921,590,156
M Firearm201919.016.821.32911,614,636
M Firearm202019.217.021.52981,639,008
F Firearm20113.12.24.2411,402,296
F Firearm20122.21.43.2281,420,332
F Firearm20132.61.83.7351,442,184
F Firearm20142.61.83.7341,461,372
F Firearm20152.51.83.5371,483,308
F Firearm20163.02.24.1451,513,104
F Firearm20173.32.44.4481,541,904
F Firearm20183.22.44.3471,567,416
F Firearm20192.61.93.6381,591,452
F Firearm20202.61.93.6411,613,400
M Poison20114.23.15.5531,415,124
M Poison20125.03.86.4651,436,040
M Poison20134.23.15.4561,459,152
M Poison20143.82.85.1511,479,156
M Poison20154.33.25.6581,502,520
M Poison20164.03.05.1561,533,384
M Poison20174.03.15.2611,564,188
M Poison20183.82.95.0581,590,156
M Poison20192.61.93.6431,614,636
M Poison20203.92.95.0591,639,008
F Poison20113.02.14.1381,402,296
F Poison20124.83.66.2601,420,332
F Poison20133.32.44.5421,442,184
F Poison20144.33.25.6571,461,372
F Poison20155.74.47.1731,483,308
F Poison20164.33.35.6591,513,104
F Poison20175.03.96.4701,541,904
F Poison20183.32.54.4501,567,416
F Poison20193.52.64.6521,591,452
F Poison20203.22.34.3461,613,400
M Suffocation20116.45.17.9861,415,124
M Suffocation20126.85.58.4941,436,040
M Suffocation20137.76.39.31081,459,152
M Suffocation20147.46.09.01001,479,156
M Suffocation20157.56.29.11121,502,520
M Suffocation20168.36.910.01241,533,384
M Suffocation20178.16.79.71241,564,188
M Suffocation20189.27.710.91381,590,156
M Suffocation20199.17.710.81431,614,636
M Suffocation20207.76.49.21241,639,008
F Suffocation20111.71.12.6241,402,296
F Suffocation20121.61.02.4231,420,332
F Suffocation20133.02.14.0411,442,184
F Suffocation20142.82.03.8401,461,372
F Suffocation20152.61.83.6351,483,308
F Suffocation20162.31.63.2331,513,104
F Suffocation20172.41.73.4371,541,904
F Suffocation20182.82.03.8431,567,416
F Suffocation20192.92.13.9461,591,452
F Suffocation20202.51.83.4391,613,400

Data Notes

Suicide methods are defined using ICD-10 codes as follows: Firearm X72-X74, Poison X60-X69, Suffocation X70.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Race, Utah, 2018-2020

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Native Alaskan25.918.335.739148,462
Asian9.25.614.223254,267
Black18.112.126.230140,476
Pacific Islander10.65.518.313106,146
White22.021.023.11,8418,704,243
All Races21.620.622.61,9469,353,594

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Ethnicity, Utah, 2018-2020

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 3
Hispanic12.310.414.41721,377,992
Non-Hispanic22.721.623.81,7978,230,423
All Utahns21.420.422.41,9699,608,415

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 10 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide Risk Among High School Students by Risk Factor and Sex, Utah, 2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesSuicide RiskPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 8
MaleFelt Sad or Hopeless28.1%23.5%33.2%
MaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide18.2%15.5%21.2%
MaleMade a Suicide Plan16.6%13.4%20.2%
FemaleFelt Sad or Hopeless45.7%41.0%50.5%
FemaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide26.6%22.8%30.7%
FemaleMade a Suicide Plan20.9%17.7%24.4%

Data Notes

Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias.

Data Source

Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health


Suicide Attempts Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 21
Utah19996.95.29.0
Utah20019.27.611.0
Utah20037.54.911.2
Utah20058.46.510.8
Utah20079.68.011.6
Utah20097.25.98.8
Utah20117.25.69.1
Utah20137.36.18.8
Utah20179.67.611.9
Utah20199.37.211.9
U.S.19998.37.39.4
U.S.20018.88.09.7
U.S.20038.57.49.6
U.S.20058.47.69.3
U.S.20076.96.37.6
U.S.20096.35.77.0
U.S.20117.87.18.5
U.S.20138.07.28.9
U.S.20158.67.69.6
U.S.20177.46.58.4
U.S.20198.97.910.0

Data Notes

Percentage of students who attempted suicide one or more times during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Suicide Plan Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 21
Utah199915.213.217.4
Utah200114.511.817.6
Utah200312.49.915.3
Utah200514.111.816.8
Utah200711.99.614.6
Utah200911.59.613.7
Utah201112.410.614.5
Utah201312.811.214.5
Utah201717.114.220.4
Utah201918.716.121.6
U.S.199914.513.116.1
U.S.200114.813.716.0
U.S.200316.513.220.5
U.S.200513.012.113.9
U.S.200711.310.412.3
U.S.200910.910.011.8
U.S.201112.812.013.6
U.S.201313.612.315.0
U.S.201514.613.415.8
U.S.201713.612.414.8
U.S.201915.714.616.9

Data Notes

Percentage of students who made a plan about how they would attempt suicide during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

References and Community Resources

Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition[[br]] [http://utahsuicideprevention.org/] American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: [https://www.afsp.org/] The Utah Violent Death Reporting System links data from multiple sources to help identify risk factors and understand circumstances in violent deaths, including suicides. For more information visit [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/topics/nvdrs/] Utah Violence and Injury Prevention Plan[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Combined%20plan_Draft.pdf] Suicide Prevention Resource Center[[br]] [http://www.sprc.org/states/utah] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Fact Sheets [[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/] Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration[[br]] [http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/24/2021, Published on 12/06/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 22 January 2022 14:12:02 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Mon, 6 Dec 2021 16:18:49 MST