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Complete Health Indicator Report of Suicide

Definition

Suicide Death Rate: Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself per 100,000 population (ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03). Suicide Risk Among Students: Percentage of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Numerator

Suicide Death Rate: Number of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Denominator

Suicide Death Rate: Total number of persons in the population of Utah. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of surveyed Utah high school students.

Data Interpretation Issues

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as suicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey includes surveys of representative samples of 9th through 12th grade students in public schools. The survey is conducted in odd years. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect data my vary from year to year. With the introductions of active parental consent for Utah school surveys between 1997 and 1999, the student response rate for the survey decreased significantly. Participation in the 2015 was too low to meet the reporting threshold as defined by CDC, so results for that year are not available.

Why Is This Important?

From 2016 to 2018, the age-adjusted suicide rate in Utah was 22.2 per 100,000 persons, with an average of 647 suicides per year. Utah had the fifth-highest age-adjusted suicide rate in the U.S. during this time period. In 2018, suicide was the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10 to 17. It is the second leading cause of death for ages 18-24 and ages 25 to 44 and the fifth leading cause of death for ages 45-64. Overall, suicide is the eighth leading cause of death for Utahns (age-adjusted rate). Suicide deaths are only part of the problem. More people are hospitalized or treated in emergency rooms for suicide attempts than are fatally injured. In 2014 (the most recent data year available), 13 Utahns were treated for self-inflicted injuries every day (3,280 treat-and-release emergency department visits plus 1,294 total hospitalizations). According to the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, in the 12 months preceding the survey, Utah high school students reported the following: 33.0% felt sad or hopeless, 21.6% seriously considered attempting suicide, 17.1% made a suicide plan, 9.6% attempted suicide one or more times, and 4.0% had a suicide attempt that required medical attention. The 2017 Prevention Needs Assessment data indicate that Salt Lake County had significantly higher rates of students reporting feeling sad or hopeless, TriCounty Health District students had significantly higher rates of seriously considering suicide, and Salt Lake County had significantly higher rates of students reporting making a suicide plan and attempting suicide compared to the state. All suicide attempts should be taken seriously. Suicide attempt survivors are often seriously injured, are likely to have depression and/or another mental health disorder, and are at an increased risk for suicide. Suicidal behavior is a serious and complex public health issue that takes an enormous toll on communities in both economical and human costs.

Healthy People Objective MHMD-1:

Reduce the suicide rate
U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 13.3 suicides per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

{{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective IVP-41:}}[[br]] Reduce nonfatal intentional self-harm injuries[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 112.4 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 91.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] [[br]] {{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective MHMD-2:}}[[br]] Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 1.7 suicide attempts per 100 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 1.9 suicide attempts per 100 population

How Are We Doing?

The 2018 Utah age-adjusted suicide rate was 22.2 per 100,000 population. Males (34.3 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rate compared to females (10.0 per 100,000 population). In Utah from 2016 to 2018, males had significantly higher suicide rates than females in every age group. Males aged 45-54 had the highest suicide rates among males (50.1 per 100,000 population). Females aged 45-54 had the highest suicide rates among female age groups (18.5 per 100,000 population). From 2016 to 2018, TriCounty, Central Utah, Southwest, and Weber-Morgan local health districts had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate. Among Utah Small Areas, Duchesne County, Southwest LHD (Other), Ivins/Santa Clara, SLC (Downtown), Kearns, and Ben Lomond had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate during 2016-2018.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The Utah suicide rate has been consistently higher than the national rate. In 2017 (the most recent national-level data year available, data from the National Center for Health Statistics), the age-adjusted suicide rate for the U.S. was 14.0 per 100,000 population, while the Utah suicide rate was 22.7 per 100,000 population during the same year.

What Is Being Done?

The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision-makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as suicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) partners with multiple state and local agencies including the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH), the Utah State Board of Education, the National Alliance on Mental Illness Utah, local health departments and others to facilitate suicide prevention efforts across the state. VIPP also participates in the Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition and its workgroups.

Available Services

All Counties, 24 Hours: [[br]] National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800) 273-TALK (8255) Mobile Crisis Outreach Team - for both Salt Lake County and statewide[[br]] 801-587-3000 Man Therapy: [http://www.mantherapy.org] Suicide Prevention Courses: [http://www.qprinstitute.com/] National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Utah[[br]] [http://www.namiut.org/][[br]] 801-323-9900, Toll Free 877-230-6264 Permission to Grieve: For Survivors of a Loved One's Suicide[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Suicide/grievebooklet_final0605.pdf]

Health Program Information

The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Males had a significantly higher suicide rate compared to females in every age group in 2016-2018.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Many conditions and stressors may be related to suicide including: *Previous suicide attempt(s) *History of depression or other mental illness *Alcohol or drug abuse *Family history of suicide or violence *Physical illness *Local epidemics of suicide[[br]] [[br]] Source: [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/riskprotectivefactors.html] (accessed 11/4/2019)

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Suicide is death caused by injuring oneself with the intent to die. A suicide attempt is when someone harms themselves with the intent to end their life, but they do not die as a result of their actions. Those who attempt suicide and survive may have serious injuries like broken bones, brain damage, or organ failure. Also, people who survive often have depression and other mental health problems. Source: [https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/fastfact.html] (accessed 11/04/2019)

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Suicide by Sex and Year, Utah and U.S., 2000-2018 and U.S. 2000-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 74
Utah Males200022.419.425.72221,124,675
Utah Males200125.622.529.02631,144,533
Utah Males200224.721.728.12591,165,962
Utah Males200326.223.129.62811,184,270
Utah Males200428.825.532.33091,204,831
Utah Males200525.422.428.72821,232,978
Utah Males200624.621.627.82741,267,516
Utah Males200724.621.827.72931,305,074
Utah Males200825.122.328.13111,337,398
Utah Males200927.524.630.73461,367,912
Utah Males201028.625.731.83691,394,091
Utah Males201129.926.933.23781,413,738
Utah Males201233.029.936.44291,434,450
Utah Males201333.030.036.34441,457,255
Utah Males201431.328.334.54171,477,294
Utah Males201532.529.635.74591,500,620
Utah Males201632.529.635.74591,531,594
Utah Males201734.231.237.44991,562,805
Utah Males201834.331.437.55151,592,143
Utah Females20007.25.69.1721,119,827
Utah Females20015.34.07.0531,139,182
Utah Females20027.76.19.7771,158,853
Utah Females20035.03.86.6541,175,867
Utah Females20046.24.87.9681,196,749
Utah Females20055.64.27.2621,224,741
Utah Females20067.35.89.1831,257,991
Utah Females20076.55.18.2751,292,672
Utah Females20086.14.87.7731,325,631
Utah Females20098.06.59.8971,355,509
Utah Females20107.66.29.4981,381,243
Utah Females20118.67.010.31131,400,478
Utah Females20129.07.410.81161,419,017
Utah Females20139.47.811.31261,440,672
Utah Females201410.28.512.01381,460,105
Utah Females201511.19.413.11501,481,877
Utah Females201610.89.112.71531,511,019
Utah Females201711.59.813.41641,540,313
Utah Females201810.08.411.71491,568,962
U.S. Males200017.723,618138,458,150
U.S. Males200118.224,672139,891,492
U.S. Males200218.525,409141,230,559
U.S. Males200318.125,203142,428,897
U.S. Males200418.125,566143,828,012
U.S. Males200518.125,907145,197,078
U.S. Males200618.126,308146,647,265
U.S. Males200718.527,269148,064,854
U.S. Males200819.028,450149,489,951
U.S. Males200919.229,089150,807,454
U.S. Males201019.830,277151,788,777
U.S. Males201120.031,003153,242,210
U.S. Males201220.331,780154,452,348
U.S. Males201320.232,055155,596,820
U.S. Males201420.733,162156,807,419
U.S. Males201521.033,994158,048,153
U.S. Males201621.334,727159,243,817
U.S. Males201722.436,782160,408,119
U.S. Females20004.05,732143,713,786
U.S. Females20014.15,950145,077,463
U.S. Females20024.26,246146,394,634
U.S. Females20034.26,281147,679,036
U.S. Females20044.56,873148,977,286
U.S. Females20054.46,730150,319,521
U.S. Females20064.56,992151,732,647
U.S. Females20074.67,329153,166,353
U.S. Females20084.87,585154,604,015
U.S. Females20094.97,820155,964,075
U.S. Females20105.08,087156,969,328
U.S. Females20115.28,515158,402,070
U.S. Females20125.48,820159,540,924
U.S. Females20135.59,094160,637,685
U.S. Females20145.89,664161,815,106
U.S. Females20156.010,199162,991,686
U.S. Females20166.010,238164,162,118
U.S. Females20176.110,391165,311,059

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Local Health District, Utah and U.S., Utah 2016-2018 and U.S. 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River18.514.822.893543,047
Central29.122.437.266238,545
Davis County19.917.223.01971,039,674
Salt Lake County22.120.523.87303,411,137
San Juan26.113.445.91246,112
Southeast30.721.243.036120,047
Southwest28.624.533.2187707,277
Summit14.78.723.219123,788
Tooele23.617.032.044201,860
TriCounty36.027.146.857170,122
Utah County16.614.518.82611,818,798
Wasatch20.011.831.61895,645
Weber-Morgan28.925.133.0218790,784
State of Utah22.221.223.21,9409,306,836
U.S.13.6136,331970,164,952

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Utah Small Area, 2016-2018 and U.S. 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 101
Brigham City25.715.140.91875,627
Box Elder Co (Other) V216.75.439.0*535,730
Tremonton21.210.139.3*1050,531
Logan V222.815.133.133171,256
North Logan14.16.227.4*1069,621
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V210.74.222.4*773,687
Hyrum****
Smithfield****
Ben Lomond34.125.844.259187,253
Weber County (East)22.614.433.924106,983
Morgan County20.37.444.3*635,249
Ogden (Downtown)33.223.445.739118,980
South Ogden27.618.339.929113,810
Roy/Hooper23.115.533.130144,103
Riverdale30.019.145.02484,317
Clearfield Area/Hooper22.916.730.747215,562
Layton/South Weber16.611.922.642249,885
Kaysville/Fruit Heights24.615.836.625116,381
Syracuse24.214.538.01986,531
Centerville****
Farmington17.47.833.5*968,413
North Salt Lake24.412.044.11260,830
Woods Cross/West Bountiful26.311.750.9*1046,813
Bountiful20.013.029.427143,964
SLC (Rose Park)10.55.418.512109,216
SLC (Avenues)21.011.435.31570,699
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)16.17.629.9*1065,573
Magna25.215.339.22085,151
SLC (Glendale) V219.911.033.31576,728
West Valley (Center)23.916.533.535158,627
West Valley (West) V221.913.034.51994,195
West Valley (East) V226.818.837.237159,005
SLC (Downtown) V239.628.254.045115,225
SLC (Southeast Liberty)18.49.731.51370,496
South Salt Lake29.018.443.42482,076
SLC (Sugar House)30.420.343.730102,367
Millcreek (South)13.65.827.1*867,366
Millcreek (East)14.26.925.9*1174,915
Holladay V228.016.943.62176,512
Cottonwood25.016.935.732128,321
Kearns V237.426.551.342123,478
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)21.813.832.724115,002
Taylorsville (West)20.512.831.123120,786
Murray22.514.233.824105,794
Midvale24.715.637.42394,438
West Jordan (Northeast) V221.012.433.31995,127
West Jordan (Southeast)20.613.031.123115,611
West Jordan (W)/Copperton14.08.322.119145,267
South Jordan V226.317.637.830120,899
Daybreak10.72.629.1*586,969
Sandy (West)20.011.532.21786,899
Sandy (Center) V224.615.237.82188,971
Sandy (Northeast)11.24.722.4*873,341
Sandy (Southeast)14.67.525.51391,704
Draper21.914.232.329137,511
Riverton/Bluffdale16.29.525.819129,165
Herriman22.814.933.329144,096
Tooele County (Other)23.110.943.0*1048,558
Tooele Valley24.416.734.434153,317
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley17.98.732.81298,143
Lehi11.66.918.420203,053
Saratoga Springs8.62.620.9*581,486
American Fork24.416.235.429145,572
Alpine****
Pleasant Grove/Lindon18.812.627.130178,951
Orem (North)25.717.236.931118,041
Orem (West)20.912.233.421111,411
Orem (East)11.04.323.1*770,357
Provo/BYU11.14.622.5*11159,300
Provo (West City Center)15.38.126.415102,955
Provo (East City Center)11.63.129.7*7104,081
Salem City****
Spanish Fork16.99.926.918128,685
Springville15.48.126.513102,165
Mapleton19.96.446.7*529,883
Utah County (South) V217.86.339.9*641,597
Payson29.317.745.62080,877
Park City10.24.819.0*1088,763
Summit County (East)27.712.653.0*935,038
Wasatch County19.011.030.51795,656
Daggett and Uintah County30.020.242.931110,052
Duchesne County45.929.568.22560,117
Nephi/Mona38.318.171.0*1028,947
Delta/Fillmore16.04.838.9*529,876
Sanpete Valley25.313.842.51565,566
Central (Other)30.018.346.32169,315
Richfield/Monroe/Salina30.315.553.41244,867
Carbon County25.913.844.11460,752
Emery County34.016.562.0*1130,240
Grand County42.421.275.61229,035
Blanding/Monticello****
San Juan County (Other)34.113.371.5*721,939
St. George28.822.037.066266,806
Washington Co (Other) V230.012.161.7*831,427
Washington City31.818.950.02074,541
Hurricane/La Verkin19.19.833.61377,431
Ivins/Santa Clara43.224.371.21646,650
Cedar City22.014.132.826135,979
Southwest LHD (Other)45.330.564.93374,364
State of Utah22.621.623.71,9409,306,884
U.S.13.62015-2017136,331970,164,952

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Age Group and Sex, Utah, 2016-2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
Male10-14 years5.43.48.222404,647
Male15-17 years27.120.834.763232,268
Male18-19 years37.327.948.952139,347
Male20-24 years40.134.146.9158393,936
Male25-34 years42.137.447.2294698,859
Male35-44 years48.643.354.3313644,433
Male45-54 years50.144.056.9241480,698
Male55-64 years36.430.942.5158434,682
Male65-74 years32.326.139.693287,661
Male75+ years44.235.055.079178,839
Female10-14 years3.11.65.512382,192
Female15-17 years7.34.211.816219,755
Female18-19 years10.25.617.114137,612
Female20-24 years10.47.414.339373,912
Female25-34 years11.79.314.679674,373
Female35-44 years17.514.421.2109621,548
Female45-54 years18.514.822.887471,379
Female55-64 years15.311.919.469451,238
Female65-74 years8.95.912.928313,691
Female75+ years5.83.19.913224,451

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Method of Injury and Sex, Utah, 2000-2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Method and SexYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 114
M Firearm200016.213.619.11501,124,675
M Firearm200116.113.619.01591,144,533
M Firearm200215.212.817.91541,165,962
M Firearm200315.713.318.51621,184,270
M Firearm200415.813.318.51641,204,831
M Firearm200516.013.618.71731,232,978
M Firearm200614.512.217.01601,267,516
M Firearm200714.712.417.21651,305,074
M Firearm200814.212.116.61741,337,398
M Firearm200915.413.217.81881,367,912
M Firearm201018.816.421.42381,394,091
M Firearm201118.215.820.82241,413,738
M Firearm201219.817.422.52521,434,450
M Firearm201319.517.122.12571,457,255
M Firearm201418.316.020.82421,477,294
M Firearm201519.216.921.72671,500,620
M Firearm201618.716.521.22581,531,594
M Firearm201720.718.423.32961,562,805
M Firearm201819.517.321.92921,592,143
F Firearm20002.41.63.7241,119,827
F Firearm20012.11.33.2211,139,182
F Firearm20021.71.02.7181,158,853
F Firearm20031.71.02.7191,175,867
F Firearm20041.60.92.5181,196,749
F Firearm20051.30.72.2141,224,741
F Firearm20062.41.53.5261,257,991
F Firearm20072.51.63.6281,292,672
F Firearm20081.71.02.6201,325,631
F Firearm20092.41.63.4281,355,509
F Firearm20102.71.93.8341,381,243
F Firearm20113.12.24.2411,400,478
F Firearm20122.21.43.2281,419,017
F Firearm20132.61.83.7351,440,672
F Firearm20142.61.83.7341,460,105
F Firearm20152.51.83.5371,481,877
F Firearm20163.02.24.1451,511,019
F Firearm20173.32.44.4481,540,313
F Firearm20183.22.44.3471,568,962
M Poison20002.31.53.4251,124,675
M Poison20013.92.85.3421,144,533
M Poison20023.82.75.2401,165,962
M Poison20034.23.05.6451,184,270
M Poison20044.93.66.5511,204,831
M Poison20052.21.43.3241,232,978
M Poison20063.82.75.2411,267,516
M Poison20073.52.54.8411,305,074
M Poison20084.02.95.3491,337,398
M Poison20094.13.05.4501,367,912
M Poison20103.52.54.7441,394,091
M Poison20114.23.15.5531,413,738
M Poison20125.03.86.4651,434,450
M Poison20134.23.15.4561,457,255
M Poison20143.82.85.1511,477,294
M Poison20154.33.25.6581,500,620
M Poison20164.03.05.2561,531,594
M Poison20174.03.15.2611,562,805
M Poison20183.82.95.0581,592,143
F Poison20003.12.14.4311,119,827
F Poison20012.31.53.5231,139,182
F Poison20024.73.46.3461,158,853
F Poison20032.21.43.3231,175,867
F Poison20043.02.14.3311,196,749
F Poison20053.12.14.3331,224,741
F Poison20063.42.44.7381,257,991
F Poison20072.81.94.0311,292,672
F Poison20083.12.24.3361,325,631
F Poison20093.52.54.8421,355,509
F Poison20102.61.83.8331,381,243
F Poison20113.02.14.1381,400,478
F Poison20124.83.66.2601,419,017
F Poison20133.32.44.5421,440,672
F Poison20144.33.25.6571,460,105
F Poison20155.74.47.1731,481,877
F Poison20164.33.35.6591,511,019
F Poison20175.03.96.4701,540,313
F Poison20183.32.54.4501,568,962
M Suffocation20003.52.54.8421,124,675
M Suffocation20014.53.36.0511,144,533
M Suffocation20025.03.76.5571,165,962
M Suffocation20035.54.27.1641,184,270
M Suffocation20046.65.18.2781,204,831
M Suffocation20056.04.67.6711,232,978
M Suffocation20065.34.06.9611,267,516
M Suffocation20075.03.86.3681,305,074
M Suffocation20085.03.96.4661,337,398
M Suffocation20096.35.07.8861,367,912
M Suffocation20105.44.26.8741,394,091
M Suffocation20116.45.17.9861,413,738
M Suffocation20126.85.58.4941,434,450
M Suffocation20137.76.39.31081,457,255
M Suffocation20147.46.09.01001,477,294
M Suffocation20157.56.29.11121,500,620
M Suffocation20168.36.910.01241,531,594
M Suffocation20178.16.79.71241,562,805
M Suffocation20189.27.710.91381,592,143
F Suffocation20001.30.72.2141,119,827
F Suffocation20010.60.21.2*61,139,182
F Suffocation20021.20.62.1121,158,853
F Suffocation20030.70.31.5*81,175,867
F Suffocation20041.30.72.2161,196,749
F Suffocation20050.80.41.4*111,224,741
F Suffocation20061.40.82.2181,257,991
F Suffocation20071.00.51.8131,292,672
F Suffocation20081.00.51.8131,325,631
F Suffocation20091.60.92.4201,355,509
F Suffocation20102.01.32.9241,381,243
F Suffocation20111.71.12.6241,400,478
F Suffocation20121.61.02.4231,419,017
F Suffocation20133.02.14.0411,440,672
F Suffocation20142.82.03.8401,460,105
F Suffocation20152.61.83.6351,481,877
F Suffocation20162.31.63.2331,511,019
F Suffocation20172.41.73.4371,540,313
F Suffocation20182.82.03.8431,568,962

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting female suffocation rates for years 1999, 2001, 2003, and 2005. The estimates have a relative standard error greater than 30% and are therefore deemed unreliable by UDOH standards. Suicide methods are defined using ICD-10 codes as follows: Firearm X72-X74, Poison X60-X69, Suffocation X70.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Race, Utah, 2016-2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Native Alaskan22.415.631.335143,142
Asian9.15.713.922241,048
Black11.97.218.619130,883
Pacific Islander13.77.323.31496,884
White21.720.722.71,8078,459,389
All Races21.220.322.21,9409,306,836

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Ethnicity, Utah, 2016-2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 3
Hispanic12.510.414.81561,307,554
Non-Hispanic23.622.424.71,7847,999,282
All Utahns22.221.223.21,9409,306,836

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 10 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide Risk Among High School Students by Risk Factor and Sex, Utah, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesSuicide RiskPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 8
MaleFelt Sad or Hopeless24.0%21.1%27.1%
MaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide14.9%12.6%17.6%
MaleMade a Suicide Plan13.1%10.9%15.6%
FemaleFelt Sad or Hopeless42.5%37.2%48.0%
FemaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide28.5%22.8%35.1%
FemaleMade a Suicide Plan21.2%16.4%26.9%

Data Notes

Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias.

Data Source

Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health


Suicide Attempts Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 19
Utah19996.95.29.0
Utah20019.27.611.0
Utah20037.54.911.2
Utah20058.46.510.8
Utah20079.68.011.6
Utah20097.25.98.8
Utah20117.25.69.1
Utah20137.36.18.8
Utah20179.67.611.9
U.S.19998.37.39.4
U.S.20018.88.09.7
U.S.20038.57.49.6
U.S.20058.47.69.3
U.S.20076.96.37.6
U.S.20096.35.77.0
U.S.20117.87.18.5
U.S.20138.07.28.9
U.S.20158.67.69.6
U.S.20177.46.58.4

Data Notes

Percentage of students who attempted suicide one or more times during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Suicide Plan Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 19
Utah199915.213.217.4
Utah200114.511.817.6
Utah200312.49.915.3
Utah200514.111.816.8
Utah200711.99.614.6
Utah200911.59.613.7
Utah201112.410.614.5
Utah201312.811.214.5
Utah201717.114.220.4
U.S.199914.513.116.1
U.S.200114.813.716.0
U.S.200316.513.220.5
U.S.200513.012.113.9
U.S.200711.310.412.3
U.S.200910.910.011.8
U.S.201112.812.013.6
U.S.201313.612.315.0
U.S.201514.613.415.8
U.S.201713.612.414.8

Data Notes

Percentage of students who made a plan about how they would attempt suicide during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

References and Community Resources

Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition[[br]] [http://utahsuicideprevention.org/] American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: [https://www.afsp.org/] The Utah Violent Death Reporting System links data from multiple sources to help identify risk factors and understand circumstances in violent deaths, including suicides. For more information visit [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/topics/nvdrs/] Utah Violence and Injury Prevention Plan[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Combined%20plan_Draft.pdf] Suicide Prevention Resource Center[[br]] [http://www.sprc.org/states/utah] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Fact Sheets [[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/] Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration[[br]] [http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/09/2019, Published on 11/21/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 06 December 2019 1:20:47 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Thu, 21 Nov 2019 10:03:55 MST