Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Complete Health Indicator Report of Suicide

Definition

Suicide Death Rate: Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself per 100,000 population (ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03). Suicide Risk Among Students: Percentage of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Numerator

Suicide Death Rate: Number of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Denominator

Suicide Death Rate: Total number of persons in the population of Utah. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of surveyed Utah high school students.

Data Interpretation Issues

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as suicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death and hospital emergency department visits. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey includes surveys of representative samples of 9th-12th grade students in public schools. The survey is conducted in odd years. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect data vary from year to year. With the introductions of active parental consent for Utah school surveys between 1997 and 1999, the student response rate for the survey decreased significantly. Participation in 2015 was too low to meet the reporting threshold as defined by CDC, so results for that year are not available.

Why Is This Important?

From 2020 to 2022, the age-adjusted suicide rate in Utah was 20.85 per 100,000 persons, with an average of 670 suicides per year. There were 717 suicide deaths in 2022. In 2022, suicide was the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10 to 17 and 18-24. It was the second leading cause of death for ages 25 to 44 and the fifth leading cause of death for ages 45-64. Overall, suicide was the tenth leading cause of death for Utahns (age-adjusted rate). Suicide deaths are only part of the problem. More people are hospitalized or treated in emergency rooms for suicide attempts than are fatally injured. In 2022, 12 Utahns were treated for self-inflicted injuries every day (3,121 treat-and-release emergency department visits plus 1,311 total hospitalizations). According to the 2021 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, in the 12 months preceding the survey, Utah high school students reported the following: 41.5% felt sad or hopeless, 22.5% seriously considered attempting suicide, 18% made a suicide plan, 9% attempted suicide one or more times, and 2.7% had a suicide attempt that required medical attention. The 2023 Prevention Needs Assessment data indicate that overall, 27% of Utah students in grades 8, 10, and 12 reported experiencing serious mental illness. Students were also asked social isolation questions and reported the following: 14.2% felt moderately socially isolated and 9.2% felt severely socially isolated. Additionally, 7.3% reported having attempted suicide in the past year and 18.9% reported having seriously considered attempting suicide in the past year. All suicide attempts should be taken seriously. Suicide attempt survivors are often seriously injured, are likely to have depression and/or another mental health disorder, and are at an increased risk for suicide. Suicidal behavior is a serious and complex public health issue that takes an enormous toll on communities with both economical and human costs.

Other Objectives

{{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2030 Objective IVP-41:}}[[br]] Reduce emergency department visits for nonfatal intentional self-harm injuries[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 144.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 91.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] [[br]] {{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2030 Objective MHMD-2:}}[[br]] Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 1.8 suicide attempts per 100 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 1.9 suicide attempts per 100 population

How Are We Doing?

The 2022 Utah age-adjusted suicide rate was 21.9 per 100,000 population. Males (34.1 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rate compared to females (9.7 per 100,000 population). In Utah from 2020 to 2022, males had significantly higher suicide rates than females in every age group. Males aged 45-54 had the highest suicide rates among males (49 per 100,000 population). Females aged 45-54 had the highest suicide rates among female age groups (18.1 per 100,000 population). From 2020 to 2022, TriCounty, Central Utah, Southwest, and Weber-Morgan local health districts had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate. Among Utah Small Areas, Duchesne County, Central (Other), South Salt Lake, Southwest LHD (Other), Daggett and Uintah County, and Salt Lake City (Downtown) had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate during 2018-2022.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The Utah suicide rate has been consistently higher than the national rate. In 2021 (the most recent national-level data year available, data from the National Center for Health Statistics), the age-adjusted suicide rate for the U.S. was 14.04 per 100,000 population, while the Utah suicide rate was 20.05 per 100,000 population during the same year. Utah had the 14th-highest age-adjusted suicide rate in the U.S. in 2021.

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Department of Health and Human Services Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns to better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision-makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as suicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. The VIPP is also funded by the CDC to improve the timeliness of syndromic surveillance data of nonfatal suicide-related outcomes, including nonfatal self-directed violence and suicidal ideation. The VIPP partners with multiple state and local agencies including the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH), the Utah State Board of Education, the Office of the Medical Examiner, the National Alliance on Mental Illness Utah, local health departments, and many others to facilitate and build capacity for suicide prevention efforts across the state. VIPP also participates in the Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition, a state-level multi-sectoral group, and its seven workgroups that focus on specific populations and topic areas.

Available Services

All Counties, 24 Hours: [[br]] Suicide Crisis Lifeline at 988 Safe UT App Mobile Crisis Outreach Team (MCOT) - for both Salt Lake County and statewide[[br]] 801-587-3000 The Trevor Project Trans Lifeline, (877) 565-8860 Live on Utah National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Utah American Foundation for Suicide Prevention Utah Poison Control Center

Health Program Information

The mission of the Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is to be a trusted and comprehensive resource for data and technical assistance related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. The VIPP envisions a Utah where communities thrive and Utahns feel connected, safe, and supported. To realize this vision and mission, VIPP's strategic plan utilizes a Shared Risk and Protective Factor framework that includes interventions across the Social Ecological Model including primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies. As such, VIPP has identified these super factors that will guide their work over the next five-plus years: * Healthcare Access: Improve access and utilization to physical and behavioral healthcare. * Economic Stability: Improve socio-economic conditions for Utahns. * Social Norms: Encourage social norms that promote safety and health. * Built Environment: Enhance the physical environment to improve safe and healthy living. * Connectedness: Promote individual, family, and community connectedness.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Males had a significantly higher suicide rate compared to females in every age group in 2020-2022.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Many conditions and stressors may be related to suicide including: *Previous suicide attempt(s) *History of depression or other mental illness *Alcohol or drug abuse *Family history of suicide or violence *Physical illness *Easy access to lethal means of suicide[[br]] [[br]] Source: [https://www.cdc.gov/suicide/factors/index.html] (accessed 12/28/2023)

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Suicide is death caused by injuring oneself with the intent to die. A suicide attempt is when someone harms themselves with the intent to end their life, but they do not die as a result of their actions. Those who attempt suicide and survive may have serious injuries like broken bones, brain damage, or organ failure. Also, people who survive often have depression and other mental health problems. Source: [https://www.cdc.gov/suicide/facts/index.html] (accessed 12/28/2023)

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Suicide by sex and year, Utah 2000-2022 and U.S. 2000-2021

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 populationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 90
Utah Males200022.419.425.72221,124,675
Utah Males200125.622.529.12631,144,533
Utah Males200224.721.728.12591,165,962
Utah Males200326.223.129.62811,184,270
Utah Males200428.825.532.33091,204,831
Utah Males200525.422.428.72821,232,978
Utah Males200624.621.627.82741,267,516
Utah Males200724.621.827.72931,305,074
Utah Males200825.122.328.13111,337,398
Utah Males200927.524.630.73461,367,912
Utah Males201028.725.731.83691,394,146
Utah Males201129.926.833.13781,414,049
Utah Males201233.029.936.44291,434,801
Utah Males201333.030.036.34441,457,715
Utah Males201431.028.134.34171,477,790
Utah Males201532.529.635.74591,501,242
Utah Males201632.529.635.74591,532,337
Utah Males201734.231.237.44991,562,978
Utah Males201834.431.437.55151,588,994
Utah Males201933.130.236.15131,613,538
Utah Males202032.429.635.45151,652,432
Utah Males202131.929.234.85091,681,294
Utah Males202234.131.337.15611,711,388
Utah Females20007.25.69.1721,119,827
Utah Females20015.34.07.0531,139,182
Utah Females20027.76.19.7771,158,853
Utah Females20035.03.86.6541,175,867
Utah Females20046.24.87.9681,196,749
Utah Females20055.64.27.2621,224,741
Utah Females20067.35.89.1831,257,991
Utah Females20076.55.18.2751,292,672
Utah Females20086.14.87.7731,325,631
Utah Females20098.06.59.8971,355,509
Utah Females20107.66.29.4981,381,267
Utah Females20118.67.010.31131,400,748
Utah Females20129.07.410.81161,419,345
Utah Females20139.47.811.31261,441,058
Utah Females201410.18.512.01381,460,537
Utah Females201511.19.413.11501,482,384
Utah Females201610.89.112.71531,511,904
Utah Females201711.59.813.41641,540,562
Utah Females201810.08.411.71491,566,159
Utah Females20199.47.811.01411,589,845
Utah Females20208.87.410.41361,632,391
Utah Females20218.37.09.91341,662,224
Utah Females20229.78.211.31561,693,372
U.S. Males200017.723,618138,458,150
U.S. Males200118.224,672139,891,492
U.S. Males200218.525,409141,230,559
U.S. Males200318.125,203142,428,897
U.S. Males200418.125,566143,828,012
U.S. Males200518.125,907145,197,078
U.S. Males200618.126,308146,647,265
U.S. Males200718.527,269148,064,854
U.S. Males200819.028,450149,489,951
U.S. Males200919.229,089150,807,454
U.S. Males201019.830,277151,788,777
U.S. Males201120.031,003153,200,058
U.S. Males201220.331,780154,374,397
U.S. Males201320.232,055155,481,926
U.S. Males201420.733,162156,654,424
U.S. Males201521.133,994157,856,394
U.S. Males201621.334,727159,021,785
U.S. Males201722.436,782160,045,920
U.S. Males201822.837,761160,885,734
U.S. Males201922.437,256161,657,324
U.S. Males202021.836,551164,214,877
U.S. Males202122.838,358164,384,742
U.S. Females20004.05,732143,713,786
U.S. Females20014.15,950145,077,463
U.S. Females20024.26,246146,394,634
U.S. Females20034.26,281147,679,036
U.S. Females20044.56,873148,977,286
U.S. Females20054.46,730150,319,521
U.S. Females20064.56,992151,732,647
U.S. Females20074.67,329153,166,353
U.S. Females20084.87,585154,604,015
U.S. Females20094.97,820155,964,075
U.S. Females20105.08,087156,969,328
U.S. Females20115.28,515158,356,816
U.S. Females20125.48,820159,456,593
U.S. Females20135.59,094160,511,789
U.S. Females20145.89,664161,646,584
U.S. Females20156.110,199162,778,769
U.S. Females20166.010,238163,919,526
U.S. Females20176.110,391164,939,619
U.S. Females20186.210,583165,801,767
U.S. Females20196.010,255166,582,199
U.S. Females20205.59,428167,286,203
U.S. Females20215.79,825167,509,003

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
  • For years 2020 and later, the population estimates are provided by the Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute, Utah state and county annual population estimates are by single year of age and sex, IBIS Version 2022
  • Population Estimates for 2000-2019: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2020
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Local Health District, Utah 2020-2022 and U.S. 2019-2021

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 populationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River19.916.224.1109596,856
Central28.622.036.568240,634
Davis County20.217.523.12101,105,014
Salt Lake County20.419.022.07303,593,290
San Juan22.010.440.8*1044,108
Southeast21.213.731.426120,405
Southwest24.721.228.6196808,609
Summit23.315.633.432128,504
Tooele26.720.034.956226,985
TriCounty32.724.343.151170,380
Utah County16.514.618.63082,055,482
Wasatch14.58.024.015108,040
Weber-Morgan25.021.628.8200834,793
State of Utah20.819.921.82,01110,033,101
U.S.13.8141,673991,724,778

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet DHHS standards for reliability. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
  • For years 2020 and later, the population estimates are provided by the Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute, Utah state and county annual population estimates are by single year of age and sex, IBIS Version 2022
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Utah Small Area, 2018-2022

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 populationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 100
Brigham City25.417.136.231132,166
Box Elder Co (Other) V214.16.327.3*964,518
Tremonton21.112.433.51891,917
Logan V224.318.331.664301,623
North Logan13.97.623.316124,133
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V219.312.129.223130,151
Hyrum21.49.342.0*948,917
Smithfield12.45.523.9*973,994
Ben Lomond31.425.338.495326,245
Weber County (East)19.713.627.734191,132
Morgan County15.26.829.3*962,093
Ogden (Downtown)29.822.838.363218,934
South Ogden23.416.532.040189,429
Roy/Hooper21.716.128.750243,933
Riverdale22.615.232.331142,151
Clearfield Area/Hooper26.220.732.785373,451
Layton/South Weber20.916.725.986435,764
Kaysville/Fruit Heights16.410.823.828200,467
Syracuse15.09.223.121159,428
Centerville10.04.020.7*788,148
Farmington18.911.229.819123,859
North Salt Lake14.47.824.314107,600
Woods Cross/West Bountiful32.419.251.22180,824
Bountiful19.213.825.944242,014
SLC (Rose Park)17.311.724.632187,372
SLC (Avenues)19.412.329.125119,294
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)18.611.229.220105,950
Magna20.213.529.129146,381
SLC (Glendale) V221.814.032.425123,029
West Valley (Center)17.912.824.442257,029
West Valley (West) V220.113.429.129159,912
West Valley (East) V223.617.830.560266,872
SLC (Downtown) V233.025.242.469202,961
SLC (Southeast Liberty)25.117.035.931112,353
South Salt Lake35.926.647.550138,333
SLC (Sugar House)26.719.635.549178,056
Millcreek (South)22.113.633.921108,900
Millcreek (East)14.08.122.418121,748
Holladay V227.819.139.235126,258
Cottonwood20.214.427.641211,172
Kearns V225.418.533.949203,996
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)25.318.234.243189,970
Taylorsville (West)10.66.416.520195,562
Murray25.118.233.746182,907
Midvale28.020.537.248168,765
West Jordan (Northeast) V222.915.931.836157,721
West Jordan (Southeast)15.910.523.028191,245
West Jordan (W)/Copperton16.711.823.040265,794
South Jordan V217.511.924.832201,218
Daybreak14.28.222.921200,111
Sandy (West)20.614.129.133157,363
Sandy (Center) V220.613.729.729146,202
Sandy (Northeast)21.013.231.823117,695
Sandy (Southeast)12.77.520.219152,420
Draper22.216.529.353243,987
Riverton/Bluffdale21.215.128.944244,888
Herriman12.68.717.636315,407
Tooele County (Other)32.621.148.22688,530
Tooele Valley22.617.029.457280,498
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley17.911.326.931217,190
Lehi15.511.320.848382,778
Saratoga Springs13.88.720.824194,392
American Fork15.911.122.037263,923
Alpine16.16.433.3*753,493
Pleasant Grove/Lindon20.014.826.353303,218
Orem (North)24.317.532.845195,151
Orem (West)14.89.921.334226,643
Orem (East)11.86.420.014120,277
Provo/BYU11.46.319.023260,691
Provo (West City Center)23.515.933.535173,511
Provo (East City Center)19.79.436.313177,196
Salem City14.65.830.2*752,913
Spanish Fork18.813.026.237230,632
Springville25.017.734.440178,085
Mapleton10.63.425.1*557,363
Utah County (South) V211.54.822.9*883,024
Payson22.314.832.229142,578
Park City16.510.824.228152,065
Summit County (East)27.615.645.31660,404
Wasatch County14.99.522.224175,512
Daggett and Uintah County33.825.544.057184,112
Duchesne County41.028.657.13699,229
Nephi/Mona24.611.645.6*1050,620
Delta/Fillmore27.414.746.61450,519
Sanpete Valley27.417.840.427107,476
Central (Other)36.425.949.642117,633
Richfield/Monroe/Salina27.417.041.72276,953
Carbon County24.415.636.425102,382
Emery County25.112.744.61249,740
Grand County19.99.536.9*1148,597
Blanding/Monticello24.210.846.8*938,126
San Juan County (Other)21.89.243.5*836,555
St. George20.916.825.798488,205
Washington Co (Other) V226.213.346.41355,188
Washington City28.019.239.435145,999
Hurricane/La Verkin23.815.834.430140,347
Ivins/Santa Clara20.611.633.81685,451
Cedar City20.414.927.349258,411
Southwest LHD (Other)34.324.446.944131,955
State of Utah21.821.122.63,33016,391,327

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet DHHS standards for reliability. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
  • Population estimates used linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau, Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute population estimates, and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2022
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by age group and sex, Utah, 2020-2022

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 populationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
Male10-14 years5.13.27.722430,633
Male15-17 years21.115.927.555260,190
Male18-19 years38.629.050.454139,900
Male20-24 years45.038.752.1181401,857
Male25-34 years40.335.945.1304754,752
Male35-44 years41.637.046.5308741,229
Male45-54 years49.043.255.3262534,942
Male55-64 years40.434.946.7187462,312
Male65-74 years32.326.638.9112346,595
Male75+ years48.939.759.599202,591
Female10-14 years2.91.55.112410,578
Female15-17 years6.53.710.516247,485
Female18-19 years7.74.113.213168,287
Female20-24 years9.56.613.334358,399
Female25-34 years11.18.813.882737,189
Female35-44 years11.08.713.878706,690
Female45-54 years18.114.622.194519,707
Female55-64 years10.47.713.749471,689
Female65-74 years8.35.611.831372,497
Female75+ years6.53.810.517259,827

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
  • For years 2020 and later, the population estimates are provided by the Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute, Utah state and county annual population estimates are by single year of age and sex, IBIS Version 2022


Suicide by method of injury and sex, Utah, 2013-2022

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Method and SexYearAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 populationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 60
M Firearm201319.517.122.12571,457,715
M Firearm201418.215.920.72421,477,790
M Firearm201519.216.921.72671,501,242
M Firearm201618.716.521.22581,532,337
M Firearm201720.718.423.32961,562,978
M Firearm201819.517.321.92921,588,997
M Firearm201919.016.821.32911,613,538
M Firearm202019.116.921.42981,652,432
M Firearm202120.418.222.83231,681,294
M Firearm202221.118.923.53421,711,388
F Firearm20132.61.83.7351,441,058
F Firearm20142.61.83.7341,460,537
F Firearm20152.51.83.5371,482,384
F Firearm20163.02.24.1451,511,904
F Firearm20173.32.44.4481,540,562
F Firearm20183.22.44.3471,566,159
F Firearm20192.61.93.6381,589,845
F Firearm20202.61.83.5411,632,391
F Firearm20212.51.83.4411,662,224
F Firearm20222.41.73.2391,693,372
M Poison20134.23.15.4561,457,715
M Poison20143.82.85.0511,477,790
M Poison20154.33.25.6581,501,242
M Poison20164.03.05.2561,532,337
M Poison20174.03.15.2611,562,978
M Poison20183.82.95.0581,588,994
M Poison20192.61.93.6431,613,538
M Poison20203.82.95.0591,652,432
M Poison20213.02.24.0461,681,294
M Poison20223.42.64.5561,711,388
F Poison20133.32.44.5421,441,058
F Poison20144.33.25.6571,460,537
F Poison20155.74.47.2731,482,384
F Poison20164.33.35.6591,511,904
F Poison20175.03.96.4701,540,562
F Poison20183.42.54.4501,566,159
F Poison20193.52.64.6521,589,845
F Poison20203.22.34.2461,632,391
F Poison20213.02.24.0461,662,224
F Poison20224.03.15.2641,693,372
M Suffocation20137.76.39.31081,459,152
M Suffocation20147.35.98.91001,479,156
M Suffocation20157.56.29.11121,502,520
M Suffocation20168.36.910.01241,533,384
M Suffocation20178.16.79.71241,564,188
M Suffocation20189.27.710.91381,590,156
M Suffocation20199.17.610.71431,614,636
M Suffocation20207.66.39.01241,652,040
M Suffocation20216.75.58.11111,681,020
M Suffocation20227.26.08.61241,711,388
F Suffocation20133.02.14.0411,441,058
F Suffocation20142.82.03.8401,460,537
F Suffocation20152.61.83.6351,482,384
F Suffocation20162.31.63.2331,511,904
F Suffocation20172.41.73.4371,540,562
F Suffocation20182.82.03.8431,566,159
F Suffocation20192.92.13.9461,589,845
F Suffocation20202.41.73.4391,632,391
F Suffocation20212.61.93.5421,662,224
F Suffocation20222.72.03.6441,693,372

Data Notes

Suicide methods are defined using ICD-10 codes as follows: Firearm X72-X74, Poison X60-X69, Suffocation X70.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
  • For years 2020 and later, the population estimates are provided by the Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute, Utah state and county annual population estimates are by single year of age and sex, IBIS Version 2022
  • Population Estimates for 2000-2019: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2020


Suicide by race, Utah, 2020-2022

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 populationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Alaska Native12.47.519.420153,979
Asian13.49.318.636274,331
Black, African American13.58.420.722152,751
Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander10.35.617.314114,141
White20.819.821.71,8499,025,658
All races20.419.621.42,01110,003,698

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2022


Suicide by ethnicity, Utah, 2020-2022

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 populationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 3
Hispanic/Latino12.810.915.01881,486,367
Non-Hispanic/Latino22.020.923.01,8138,517,331
All ethnicities20.920.021.92,01110,003,698

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 10 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health and Human Services
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2022


Suicide risk among high school students by risk factor and sex, Utah, 2021

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesSuicide RiskPercentage of studentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 8
MaleFelt sad or hopeless30.6%26.4%35.2%
MaleSeriously considered attempting suicide16.9%14.2%20.1%
MaleMade a suicide plan15.3%12.3%18.9%
FemaleFelt sad or hopeless52.7%48.6%56.8%
FemaleSeriously considered attempting suicide27.7%24.2%31.5%
FemaleMade a suicide plan20.6%17.7%23.8%

Data Notes

Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias.

Data Source

Utah Department of Health and Human Services Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)


Suicide attempts reported by students in grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2021

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of studentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 23
Utah19996.95.39.0
Utah20019.27.611.0
Utah20037.54.911.2
Utah20058.46.510.8
Utah20079.68.011.6
Utah20097.25.98.8
Utah20117.25.69.1
Utah20137.36.18.8
Utah20179.67.611.9
Utah20199.37.211.9
Utah20219.07.111.3
U.S.19998.37.39.4
U.S.20018.88.09.7
U.S.20038.57.49.6
U.S.20058.47.69.3
U.S.20076.96.37.6
U.S.20096.35.77.0
U.S.20117.87.18.5
U.S.20138.07.28.9
U.S.20158.67.69.6
U.S.20177.46.58.4
U.S.20198.97.910.0
U.S.202110.29.411.0

Data Notes

Percentage of students who attempted suicide one or more times during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Department of Health and Human Services Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, US Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control, and Prevention (CDC)


Suicide plan reported by students in grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2021

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of studentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 23
Utah199915.213.217.4
Utah200114.511.817.6
Utah200312.49.915.3
Utah200514.111.816.8
Utah200711.99.614.6
Utah200911.59.613.7
Utah201112.410.614.5
Utah201312.811.214.5
Utah201717.114.220.4
Utah201918.716.121.6
Utah202118.015.820.6
U.S.199914.513.116.1
U.S.200114.813.716.0
U.S.200316.513.220.5
U.S.200513.012.113.9
U.S.200711.310.412.3
U.S.200910.910.011.8
U.S.201112.812.013.6
U.S.201313.612.315.0
U.S.201514.613.415.8
U.S.201713.612.414.8
U.S.201915.714.616.9
U.S.202117.616.419.0

Data Notes

Percentage of students who made a plan about how they would attempt suicide during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Department of Health and Human Services Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, US Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control, and Prevention (CDC)

References and Community Resources

Utah Suicide Prevention Plan 2022-2026[[br]] [https://dsamh-training.utah.gov/_documents/SuicidePrevention/UtahSuicidePreventionPlan_22-26.pdf] American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: [https://www.afsp.org/] The Utah Violent Death Reporting System links data from multiple sources to help identify risk factors and understand circumstances in violent deaths, including suicides. For more information visit [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/ibisph-view/query/selection/utvdrs/UtVDRSSelection.html] Suicide Prevention Resource Center[[br]] [http://www.sprc.org/states/utah] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Data and Statistics [[br]] [https://www.cdc.gov/suicide/suicide-data-statistics.html] Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration[[br]] [http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) WONDER Database, a system for disseminating public health data and information.
  • United States Census Bureau data dashboard.
  • Utah healthy Places Index, evidence-based and peer-reviewed tool, supports efforts to prioritize equitable community investments, develop critical programs and policies across the state, and much more.
  • County Health Rankings
  • Kaiser Family Foundation's StateHealthFacts.org
  • Medical literature can be queried at PubMed library.



Page Content Updated On 03/05/2024, Published on 03/05/2024
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health and Human Services IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 30 May 2024 13:29:45 from Utah Department of Health and Human Services, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 5 Mar 2024 16:35:00 MST