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Complete Health Indicator Report of Suicide

Definition

Suicide Death Rate: Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself per 100,000 population (ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03). Suicide Risk Among Students: Percentage of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Numerator

Suicide Death Rate: Number of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Denominator

Suicide Death Rate: Total number of persons in the population of Utah. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of surveyed Utah high school students.

Data Interpretation Issues

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as suicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey includes surveys of representative samples of 9th through 12th grade students in public schools. The survey is conducted in odd years. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect data my vary from year to year. With the introductions of active parental consent for Utah school surveys between 1997 and 1999, the student response rate for the survey decreased significantly. Participation in the 2015 was too low to meet the reporting threshold as defined by CDC, so results for that year are not available.

Why Is This Important?

From 2017 to 2019, the age-adjusted suicide rate in Utah was 22.0 per 100,000 persons, with an average of 660 suicides per year. Utah had the fifth-highest age-adjusted suicide rate in the U.S. during this time period. In 2019, suicide was the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10 to 17 and 18-24. It is the second leading cause of death for ages 25 to 44 and the fifth leading cause of death for ages 45-64. Overall, suicide is the eighth leading cause of death for Utahns (age-adjusted rate). Suicide deaths are only part of the problem. More people are hospitalized or treated in emergency rooms for suicide attempts than are fatally injured. In 2019, 70 Utahns were treated for self-inflicted injuries every day (15,875 treat-and-release emergency department visits plus 9,546 total hospitalizations). According to the 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, in the 12 months preceding the survey, Utah high school students reported the following: 36.7% felt sad or hopeless, 22.3% seriously considered attempting suicide, 18.7% made a suicide plan, 9.3% attempted suicide one or more times, and 2.1% had a suicide attempt that required medical attention. The 2019 Prevention Needs Assessment data indicate that overall, 62.2% of Utah students in grades 6, 8, 10, and 12 reported experiencing moderate depressive symptoms. Students were also asked social isolation questions and reported the following: 16.4% felt left out, 15.3% felt that people barely know me, 15.3% felt isolated from others and 19.4% felt that people are around me but not with me. All suicide attempts should be taken seriously. Suicide attempt survivors are often seriously injured, are likely to have depression and/or another mental health disorder, and are at an increased risk for suicide. Suicidal behavior is a serious and complex public health issue that takes an enormous toll on communities in both economical and human costs.

Healthy People Objective MHMD-1:

Reduce the suicide rate
U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 13.3 suicides per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

{{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective IVP-41:}}[[br]] Reduce nonfatal intentional self-harm injuries[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 112.4 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 91.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] [[br]] {{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective MHMD-2:}}[[br]] Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 1.7 suicide attempts per 100 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 1.9 suicide attempts per 100 population

How Are We Doing?

The 2019 Utah age-adjusted suicide rate was 21.2 per 100,000 population. Males (33.1 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rate compared to females (9.3 per 100,000 population). In Utah from 2017 to 2019, males had significantly higher suicide rates than females in every age group. Males aged 35-44 had the highest suicide rates among males (48.9 per 100,000 population). Females aged 35-44 had the highest suicide rates among female age groups (17.5 per 100,000 population). From 2017 to 2019, TriCounty, Central Utah, San Juan, and Weber-Morgan local health districts had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate. Among Utah Small Areas, Duchesne County, Ivins/Santa Clara, SLC (Downtown), Central Utah Health Department (Other), Southwest LHD (Other), and Ben Lomond had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate during 2017-2019.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The Utah suicide rate has been consistently higher than the national rate. In 2018 (the most recent national-level data year available, data from the National Center for Health Statistics), the age-adjusted suicide rate for the U.S. was 14.78 per 100,000 population, while the Utah suicide rate was 22.13 per 100,000 population during the same year. Utah had the 6th-highest age-adjusted suicide rate in the U.S. during 2018.

What Is Being Done?

The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision-makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as suicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. The VIPP is also funded by the CDC to improve the timeliness of syndromic surveillance data of nonfatal suicide-related outcomes, including nonfatal self-directed violence and suicidal ideation. The VIPP partners with multiple state and local agencies including the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH), the Utah State Board of Education, the Office of the Medical Examiner, the National Alliance on Mental Illness Utah, local health departments and many others to facilitate and build capacity for suicide prevention efforts across the state. VIPP also participates in the Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition, a state level multi-sectoral group, and its seven workgroups that focus on specific populations and topic areas.

Available Services

All Counties, 24 Hours: [[br]] National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800) 273-TALK (8255) Mobile Crisis Outreach Team - for both Salt Lake County and statewide[[br]] 801-587-3000 Man Therapy: [http://www.mantherapy.org] Suicide Prevention Courses: [http://www.qprinstitute.com/] UtahSuicidePrevention.org National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Utah[[br]] [http://www.namiut.org/][[br]] 801-323-9900, Toll Free 877-230-6264 Permission to Grieve: For Survivors of a Loved One's Suicide[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Suicide/grievebooklet_final0605.pdf]

Health Program Information

The mission of the Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is to be a trusted and comprehensive resource for data and technical assistance related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. The VIPP envisions a Utah where communities thrive and Utahns feel connected, safe, and supported. To realize this vision and mission, VIPP's strategic plan utilizes a Shared Risk and Protective Factor framework that includes interventions across the Social Ecological Model including primary, secondary and tertiary prevention strategies. As such, VIPP has identified these super factors that will guide their work over the next five plus years; o Healthcare Access: Improve access and utilization to physical and behavioral healthcare. o Economic Stability: Improve socioeconomic condition for Utahns. o Social Norms: Encourage social norms that promote safety and health. o Built Environment: Enhance the physical environment to improve safe and healthy living. o Connectedness: Promote individual, family and community connectedness.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Males had a significantly higher suicide rate compared to females in every age group in 2016-2018.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Many conditions and stressors may be related to suicide including: *Previous suicide attempt(s) *History of depression or other mental illness *Alcohol or drug abuse *Family history of suicide or violence *Physical illness *Local epidemics of suicide[[br]] [[br]] Source: [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/riskprotectivefactors.html] (accessed 11/4/2019)

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Suicide is death caused by injuring oneself with the intent to die. A suicide attempt is when someone harms themselves with the intent to end their life, but they do not die as a result of their actions. Those who attempt suicide and survive may have serious injuries like broken bones, brain damage, or organ failure. Also, people who survive often have depression and other mental health problems. Source: [https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/fastfact.html] (accessed 11/04/2019)

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Suicide by Sex and Year, Utah and U.S., Utah 2000-2019 and U.S. 2000-2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 81
Utah Males199924.321.227.72411,094,405
Utah Males200022.419.425.72221,124,675
Utah Males200125.622.529.12631,144,533
Utah Males200224.721.728.12591,165,962
Utah Males200326.223.129.62811,184,270
Utah Males200428.825.532.33091,204,831
Utah Males200525.422.428.72821,232,978
Utah Males200624.621.627.82741,267,516
Utah Males200724.621.827.72931,305,074
Utah Males200825.122.328.13111,337,398
Utah Males200927.524.630.73461,367,912
Utah Males201028.725.731.83691,394,096
Utah Males201129.926.933.23781,413,827
Utah Males201233.029.936.44291,434,382
Utah Males201333.030.036.34441,457,109
Utah Males201431.328.334.54171,477,013
Utah Males201532.629.635.74591,500,291
Utah Males201632.529.635.74591,531,131
Utah Males201734.231.237.44991,561,796
Utah Males201834.431.437.55151,588,240
Utah Males201933.130.236.15131,614,917
Utah Females19994.33.15.8411,098,601
Utah Females20007.25.69.1721,119,827
Utah Females20015.34.07.0531,139,182
Utah Females20027.76.19.7771,158,853
Utah Females20035.03.86.6541,175,867
Utah Females20046.24.87.9681,196,749
Utah Females20055.64.27.2621,224,741
Utah Females20067.35.89.1831,257,991
Utah Females20076.55.18.2751,292,672
Utah Females20086.14.87.7731,325,631
Utah Females20098.06.59.8971,355,509
Utah Females20107.66.29.4981,381,236
Utah Females20118.67.010.31131,400,557
Utah Females20129.07.410.81161,418,993
Utah Females20139.47.811.31261,440,531
Utah Females201410.28.512.01381,459,866
Utah Females201511.19.413.11501,481,544
Utah Females201610.89.212.71531,510,737
Utah Females201711.59.813.41641,539,246
Utah Females201810.08.411.71491,565,310
Utah Females20199.37.811.01411,591,041
U.S. Males200017.723,618138,458,150
U.S. Males200118.224,672139,891,492
U.S. Males200218.525,409141,230,559
U.S. Males200318.125,203142,428,897
U.S. Males200418.125,566143,828,012
U.S. Males200518.125,907145,197,078
U.S. Males200618.126,308146,647,265
U.S. Males200718.527,269148,064,854
U.S. Males200819.028,450149,489,951
U.S. Males200919.229,089150,807,454
U.S. Males201019.830,277151,788,777
U.S. Males201120.031,003153,211,825
U.S. Males201220.331,780154,396,283
U.S. Males201320.232,055155,514,347
U.S. Males201420.733,162156,697,642
U.S. Males201521.033,994157,910,775
U.S. Males201621.334,727159,088,102
U.S. Males201722.436,782160,125,630
U.S. Males201822.737,761161,128,679
U.S. Females19994.05,741142,237,347
U.S. Females20004.05,732143,713,786
U.S. Females20014.15,950145,077,463
U.S. Females20024.26,246146,394,634
U.S. Females20034.26,281147,679,036
U.S. Females20044.56,873148,977,286
U.S. Females20054.46,730150,319,521
U.S. Females20064.56,992151,732,647
U.S. Females20074.67,329153,166,353
U.S. Females20084.87,585154,604,015
U.S. Females20094.97,820155,964,075
U.S. Females20105.08,087156,969,328
U.S. Females20115.28,515158,368,184
U.S. Females20125.48,820159,477,935
U.S. Females20135.59,094160,543,380
U.S. Females20145.89,664161,688,779
U.S. Females20156.110,199162,831,898
U.S. Females20166.010,238163,983,240
U.S. Females20176.110,391165,021,491
U.S. Females20186.210,583166,038,755

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2019
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Local Health District, Utah and U.S., Utah 2017-2019 and U.S. 2016-2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River19.615.824.0100551,188
Central32.625.641.076242,115
Davis County20.517.823.52041,053,240
Salt Lake County22.220.723.97533,445,848
San Juan32.417.454.91445,943
Southeast24.616.435.431119,877
Southwest24.620.828.8167731,247
Summit16.510.125.421125,365
Tooele25.618.834.149209,734
TriCounty37.928.848.960169,053
Utah County17.215.219.42881,864,497
Wasatch13.67.223.41399,048
Weber-Morgan26.422.830.3202803,395
State of Utah22.021.123.01,9829,460,550
U.S.14.4140,482975,385,897

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Utah Small Area, 2017-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 100
Brigham City32.320.348.72376,707
Box Elder Co (Other) V2***
Tremonton25.813.245.5*1251,534
Logan V220.013.129.331173,275
North Logan14.56.128.9*970,339
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V215.37.228.5*1074,837
Hyrum****
Smithfield****
Ben Lomond34.626.244.760190,443
Weber County (East)17.810.528.418109,369
Morgan County18.76.841.1*635,927
Ogden (Downtown)25.817.536.632122,302
South Ogden24.916.136.726114,504
Roy/Hooper26.618.437.135145,747
Riverdale21.512.634.21885,191
Clearfield Area/Hooper23.016.730.846217,681
Layton/South Weber17.012.223.042252,881
Kaysville/Fruit Heights20.012.231.020117,503
Syracuse23.614.137.01988,645
Centerville9.42.524.1**452,232
Farmington28.115.646.8*1570,911
North Salt Lake23.611.742.41262,548
Woods Cross/West Bountiful25.511.548.8*1047,252
Bountiful22.415.032.230143,665
SLC (Rose Park)14.48.323.117110,802
SLC (Avenues)20.911.634.71670,993
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)26.515.242.9*1764,656
Magna22.213.135.31885,508
SLC (Glendale) V219.710.932.91575,537
West Valley (Center)20.313.629.230156,895
West Valley (West) V223.514.436.22195,624
West Valley (East) V225.017.434.836159,537
SLC (Downtown) V236.826.450.147116,834
SLC (Southeast Liberty)23.713.937.71869,742
South Salt Lake31.020.145.72683,241
SLC (Sugar House)30.720.544.130101,980
Millcreek (South)20.510.536.1*1267,250
Millcreek (East)15.67.927.6*1273,743
Holladay V227.716.942.82275,838
Cottonwood19.412.329.324127,443
Kearns V234.123.847.339122,815
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)19.612.030.221114,025
Taylorsville (West)17.09.927.118119,431
Murray20.012.430.722106,426
Midvale26.216.938.82595,827
West Jordan (Northeast) V226.016.638.92594,325
West Jordan (Southeast)17.310.327.119115,702
West Jordan (W)/Copperton18.211.427.524148,521
South Jordan V225.116.436.827114,599
Daybreak14.45.032.5*8104,021
Sandy (West)22.413.634.82089,664
Sandy (Center) V225.215.339.02088,792
Sandy (Northeast)14.36.726.7*1072,965
Sandy (Southeast)15.17.826.41391,617
Draper19.212.128.826140,202
Riverton/Bluffdale17.110.825.823133,797
Herriman19.312.628.327157,461
Tooele County (Other)27.814.149.3*1250,431
Tooele Valley25.717.935.737159,302
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley16.27.929.512105,479
Lehi12.47.519.222209,655
Saratoga Springs14.87.127.4*1189,502
American Fork18.111.327.523148,036
Alpine****
Pleasant Grove/Lindon19.213.027.332180,112
Orem (North)29.520.441.435119,219
Orem (West)18.410.928.922119,057
Orem (East)11.24.722.4*871,326
Provo/BYU14.36.627.1*12158,558
Provo (West City Center)23.013.337.020103,922
Provo (East City Center)10.62.827.6*7105,588
Salem City13.83.735.7**429,683
Spanish Fork18.811.628.622130,942
Springville18.110.429.317104,463
Mapleton25.09.055.1*630,476
Utah County (South) V220.98.742.1*843,606
Payson24.113.739.41681,818
Park City11.95.921.5*1189,955
Summit County (East)30.014.255.6*1035,423
Wasatch County13.67.223.41399,049
Daggett and Uintah County33.423.146.635109,406
Duchesne County45.432.072.72659,745
Nephi/Mona41.319.676.5*1029,364
Delta/Fillmore17.76.339.0*630,245
Sanpete Valley26.514.544.31566,370
Central (Other)35.822.953.42570,988
Richfield/Monroe/Salina32.717.755.31445,140
Carbon County20.210.235.91260,820
Emery County27.81.655.9*830,015
Grand County33.615.962.21129,034
Blanding/Monticello17.84.646.8**423,712
San Juan County (Other)31.612.565.7*722,167
St. George23.217.330.555274,995
Washington Co (Other) V220.56.747.6*632,226
Washington City21.711.836.51578,791
Hurricane/La Verkin21.111.535.61580,445
Ivins/Santa Clara40.323.065.61748,692
Cedar City21.013.431.326140,272
Southwest LHD (Other)35.622.853.02776,017
State of Utah22.621.623.61,9829,460,498

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Age Group and Sex, Utah, 2017-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
Male10-14 years5.63.68.423410,246
Male15-17 years28.822.336.468236,542
Male18-19 years45.435.057.965143,127
Male20-24 years43.837.650.8175399,077
Male25-34 years42.437.747.4301710,655
Male35-44 years49.043.854.6324661,432
Male45-54 years46.240.452.6226489,301
Male55-64 years39.433.845.8174441,159
Male65-74 years30.224.337.191301,315
Male75+ years42.934.053.380186,659
Female10-14 years2.81.45.111387,009
Female15-17 years8.55.113.319223,728
Female18-19 years11.36.518.416141,599
Female20-24 years9.86.913.437379,103
Female25-34 years10.28.013.070683,181
Female35-44 years17.514.421.1112638,879
Female45-54 years17.213.621.382477,881
Female55-64 years16.112.720.374458,479
Female65-74 years6.44.09.821327,819
Female75+ years5.22.79.012232,914

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Method of Injury and Sex, Utah, 2010-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Method and SexYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 60
M Firearm201018.816.421.42381,394,096
M Firearm201118.215.820.82241,413,827
M Firearm201219.817.422.52521,434,382
M Firearm201319.517.122.12571,457,109
M Firearm201418.316.020.82421,477,013
M Firearm201519.216.921.72671,500,291
M Firearm201618.716.521.22581,531,131
M Firearm201720.718.423.32961,561,796
M Firearm201819.517.322.02921,588,240
M Firearm201919.016.821.32911,614,917
F Firearm20102.71.93.8341,381,236
F Firearm20113.12.24.2411,400,557
F Firearm20122.21.43.2281,418,993
F Firearm20132.61.83.7351,440,531
F Firearm20142.61.83.7341,459,866
F Firearm20152.51.83.5371,481,544
F Firearm20163.02.24.1451,510,737
F Firearm20173.32.44.4481,539,246
F Firearm20183.22.44.3471,565,310
F Firearm20192.61.93.6381,591,041
M Poison20103.52.54.7441,394,096
M Poison20114.23.15.5531,413,827
M Poison20125.03.86.4651,434,382
M Poison20134.23.15.4561,457,109
M Poison20143.82.85.1511,477,013
M Poison20154.33.25.6581,500,291
M Poison20164.03.05.2561,531,131
M Poison20174.03.15.2611,561,796
M Poison20183.82.95.0581,588,240
M Poison20192.61.93.6431,614,917
F Poison20102.61.83.8331,381,236
F Poison20113.02.14.1381,400,557
F Poison20124.83.66.2601,418,993
F Poison20133.32.44.5421,440,531
F Poison20144.33.25.6571,459,866
F Poison20155.74.47.2731,481,544
F Poison20164.33.35.6591,510,737
F Poison20175.03.96.4701,539,246
F Poison20183.42.54.4501,565,310
F Poison20193.52.64.6521,591,041
M Suffocation20105.44.26.8741,394,096
M Suffocation20116.45.17.9861,413,827
M Suffocation20126.85.58.4941,434,382
M Suffocation20137.76.39.31081,457,109
M Suffocation20147.46.09.01001,477,013
M Suffocation20157.56.29.11121,500,291
M Suffocation20168.46.910.01241,531,131
M Suffocation20178.16.79.71241,561,796
M Suffocation20189.27.710.91381,588,240
M Suffocation20199.17.710.81431,614,917
F Suffocation20102.01.32.9271,381,236
F Suffocation20111.71.12.6241,400,557
F Suffocation20121.61.02.4231,418,993
F Suffocation20133.02.14.0411,440,531
F Suffocation20142.82.03.8401,459,866
F Suffocation20152.61.83.6351,481,544
F Suffocation20162.31.63.2331,510,737
F Suffocation20172.41.73.4371,539,246
F Suffocation20182.82.03.8431,565,310
F Suffocation20192.92.13.9461,591,041

Data Notes

Suicide methods are defined using ICD-10 codes as follows: Firearm X72-X74, Poison X60-X69, Suffocation X70.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Race, Utah, 2017-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Native Alaskan27.219.536.943146,217
Asian9.45.914.223246,733
Black15.810.223.425136,724
Pacific Islander15.99.225.81798,904
White21.720.822.81,8458,587,995
All Races21.220.322.21,9829,460,550

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide by Ethnicity, Utah, 2017-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 3
Hispanic11.09.213.01481,347,053
Non-Hispanic23.622.524.71,8348,113,497
All Utahns22.021.123.01,9829,460,550

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 10 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018


Suicide Risk Among High School Students by Risk Factor and Sex, Utah, 2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesSuicide RiskPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 8
MaleFelt Sad or Hopeless28.1%23.5%33.2%
MaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide18.2%15.5%21.2%
MaleMade a Suicide Plan16.6%13.4%20.2%
FemaleFelt Sad or Hopeless45.7%41.0%50.5%
FemaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide26.6%22.8%30.7%
FemaleMade a Suicide Plan20.9%17.7%24.4%

Data Notes

Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias.

Data Source

Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health


Suicide Attempts Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 21
Utah19996.95.29.0
Utah20019.27.611.0
Utah20037.54.911.2
Utah20058.46.510.8
Utah20079.68.011.6
Utah20097.25.98.8
Utah20117.25.69.1
Utah20137.36.18.8
Utah20179.67.611.9
Utah20199.37.211.9
U.S.19998.37.39.4
U.S.20018.88.09.7
U.S.20038.57.49.6
U.S.20058.47.69.3
U.S.20076.96.37.6
U.S.20096.35.77.0
U.S.20117.87.18.5
U.S.20138.07.28.9
U.S.20158.67.69.6
U.S.20177.46.58.4
U.S.20198.97.910.0

Data Notes

Percentage of students who attempted suicide one or more times during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Suicide Plan Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 21
Utah199915.213.217.4
Utah200114.511.817.6
Utah200312.49.915.3
Utah200514.111.816.8
Utah200711.99.614.6
Utah200911.59.613.7
Utah201112.410.614.5
Utah201312.811.214.5
Utah201717.114.220.4
Utah201918.716.121.6
U.S.199914.513.116.1
U.S.200114.813.716.0
U.S.200316.513.220.5
U.S.200513.012.113.9
U.S.200711.310.412.3
U.S.200910.910.011.8
U.S.201112.812.013.6
U.S.201313.612.315.0
U.S.201514.613.415.8
U.S.201713.612.414.8
U.S.201915.714.616.9

Data Notes

Percentage of students who made a plan about how they would attempt suicide during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

References and Community Resources

Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition[[br]] [http://utahsuicideprevention.org/] American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: [https://www.afsp.org/] The Utah Violent Death Reporting System links data from multiple sources to help identify risk factors and understand circumstances in violent deaths, including suicides. For more information visit [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/topics/nvdrs/] Utah Violence and Injury Prevention Plan[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Combined%20plan_Draft.pdf] Suicide Prevention Resource Center[[br]] [http://www.sprc.org/states/utah] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Fact Sheets [[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/] Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration[[br]] [http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/21/2020, Published on 01/05/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 04 August 2021 23:03:04 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 5 Jan 2021 16:47:05 MST