PHOM Indicator Profile Report of Infant Mortality
Why Is This Important?The infant mortality rate is an important measure of a nation's health and a worldwide indicator of health status and social well-being. The top four causes of infant mortality in Utah are perinatal conditions (including preterm birth), birth defects, medical conditions of the infant, and sudden unexpected infant death (SUID).
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Data NotesU.S. figures from NVSR Report Deaths: Final Data for 2016
Risk FactorsThe following risk factors contribute to infant mortality: * Maternal inadequate weight gain during pregnancy * Maternal pre-pregnancy BMI (obese prior to pregnancy) * Maternal tobacco use * Less than 6 months between pregnancies * Infant birth weight (less than 2,500 g) * Preterm infant * Multiple gestation (e.g. twins)
How Are We Doing?The infant mortality rate has declined throughout the past 30 years both locally and nationally. Despite the overall decline, Utah's infant mortality rate has increased for the last three years. During 2017, 282 Utah infants died during their first year of life.
What Is Being Done?The UDOH Maternal and Infant Health Program is currently 1) reviewing data obtained from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) and the Perinatal Mortality Review (PMR) program to identify modifiable risk factors for infant mortality and develop appropriate interventions; 2) making health information available on-line for researchers, students, health care professionals and the general public to increase awareness of factors associated with infant death (i.e. the Indicator Based Information System [IBIS] and the Maternal and Infant Health Program websites); 3) promoting preconception and interconception health care for all women of childbearing age; 4) working with community partners and health professionals to disseminate information on 17P, a drug to help prevent recurrent preterm birth; and 5) collaborating with the Office of Health Disparities Reduction on targeted interventions toward decreasing infant mortality in disparate populations.
Healthy People Objective: Reduce the rate of all infant deaths (within 1 year)U.S. Target: 6.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
State Target: 4.6 infant deaths per 1,000 live births