Health Indicator Report of Physical Activity: Recommended Muscle-strengthening Among Adults
The benefits of muscle-strengthening activities include improved bone health, reduced risk of falls in older adults, improved daily energy and sleep, and improved posture. Muscle-strengthening activities also help prevent diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
The percentage of adults meeting the recommended amount of muscle-strengthening activity is consistently higher in Utah than for the U.S. but the difference is slight.
Recommended Amount of Muscle-strengthening Activity, Utah and U.S. Adults Aged 18+, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 and 2019
NotesIn 2016, Utah BRFSS modified its methodology for age adjustment for increased precision. With this change Utah is consistent with both the U.S. and other states using IBIS. Charts have been updated from 2011 forward to reflect this change. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population.
- The Utah Department of Health and Human Services Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, US Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Data Interpretation IssuesThis question was first asked on BRFSS in 2011. In 2011, the BRFSS changed its methodology from a landline only sample and weighting based on post-stratification to a landline/cell phone sample and raking as the weighting methodology. Raking accounts for variables such as income, education, marital status, and home ownership during weighting and has the potential to more accurately reflect the population distribution. More details about these changes can be found at: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf].
DefinitionPercentage of adults aged 18 years and older who reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week.
NumeratorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older who reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week.
DenominatorNumber of surveyed adults aged 18 years and older.
Healthy People Objective PA-2.3:Increase the proportion of adults who perform muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days of the week
U.S. Target: 24.1 percent
How Are We Doing?The first BRFSS data on muscle-strengthening activity became available in 2011. The age-adjusted rate for 2011 was 31.4%, In 2019, the rate s increased to 38.0%.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Compared to the nation, Utah adults report doing more muscle-strengthening activity. In 2019, 38.0% of Utah adults reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week (age-adjusted). In 2019, the national rate was 35.6%.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health and Human Service's Healthy Environments Active Living (HEAL) Program plays a key role in improving the health of residents in the state of Utah. The program was initially formed in July 2013 (as the Healthy Living through Environment, Policy, and Improved Clinical Care Program, or ?EPICC?). HEAL was restructured in 2021 as part of a strategic planning process and the new program model focuses on the social determinants of health while advancing health equity and increasing policy, systems and environmental changes. HEAL works: In schools:[[br]] HEAL encourages schools to adopt the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program. This framework encourages students to be physically active for 60 minutes a day through school, home, and community activities. HEAL also tracks height and weight trends in elementary school students. In worksites:[[br]] HEAL offers training on developing worksite wellness programs called Work@Health. HEAL partners with local health departments to encourage worksites to complete the CDC Scorecard and participate in yearly health risk assessments for their employees. HEAL provides toolkits and other resources for employers interested in implementing wellness programs [https://heal.health.utah.gov/worksite-wellness/] In communities:[[br]] HEAL receives federal funding to partner with worksites and community-based organizations to increase access to fresh fruits and vegetables in community settings and worksites. HEAlL also partners with LHDs to work with cities and/or counties within their jurisdictions to create a built environment that encourages physical activity. In healthcare:[[br]] HEAL works with health care systems to establish community clinical linkages to support individuals at risk for or diagnosed with diabetes or hypertension to engage in lifestyle change programs such as chronic disease self-management and diabetes prevention programs. In childcare:[[br]] HEAL works with state and local partners through the Childcare Obesity Prevention workgroup to implement policy and systems changes in early care and education across agencies statewide. Ten local health departments statewide have implemented the TOP Star program, which aims to improve the nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding environments and achieve best practices in childcare centers and homes.[[br]]
Evidence-based PracticesThe HEAL program promotes evidence based practices collected by the Center TRT. The Center for Training and Research Translation (Center TRT) bridges the gap between research and practice and supports the efforts of public health practitioners working in nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention by: *Reviewing evidence of public health impact and disseminating population-level interventions; *Designing and providing practice-relevant training both in-person and web-based; *Addressing social determinants of health and health equity through training and translation efforts; and, *Providing guidance on evaluating policies and programs aimed at impacting healthy eating and physical activity.[[br]] [[br]] Appropriate evidence based interventions can be found at: [http://www.centertrt.org/?p=interventions_interventions_overview]
Available ServicesVisit [http://heal.health.utah.gov] for more information. One aspect of chronic disease management is regular physical activity. Lifestyle change program information can be found here [https://heal.health.utah.gov/diabetes/]
Health Program InformationOverarching Goals: Healthy People: Increase access to resources that empower all people in Utah to reach their full health potential. Healthy Communities: Increase the capacity of communities to support and promote healthy living for all individuals. Equitable Society: Increase opportunities for people who are under-resourced and under-represented in Utah to live healthy and thriving lives.
Page Content Updated On 10/26/2022, Published on 11/14/2022