Health Indicator Report of Blood Cholesterol: Doctor-diagnosed High Cholesterol
High blood cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. It is preventable. If identified early, it can be controlled with medication and lifestyle changes, such as eating a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, increasing physical activity, and reducing excess weight. Because high blood cholesterol does not produce obvious symptoms, experts recommend that all adults aged 20 years and older have their cholesterol levels checked at least once every five years to help them take action to prevent or lower their risk of cardiovascular disease.
The Utah Department of Health has increased the number of small areas it provides rates for. There are now 99 small areas. During 2015 and 2017 combined, rates of high cholesterol were higher than the state rate for North Salt Lake and Magna Small Areas. Rates were significantly lower than the state for Grand County and Wasatch County Small Areas. Two years of data were combined to increase the reliability of the estimates for small areas. Rates for Hyrum and San Juan County (Other) should be interpreted with caution. These estimates have a coefficient of variation >30% and are therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards.
Doctor-diagnosed Hypercholesterolemia (High Blood Cholesterol) by Utah Small Area, 2017 and 2019
NotesIn 2016, Utah BRFSS modified its methodology for age adjustment for increased precision. With this change, Utah is consistent with both the U.S. and other states using IBIS. Data has been updated from 2011 onward in all chart views to reflect this change. [[br]][[br]] ^ ^*Use caution in interpreting; the estimate has a coefficient of variation > 30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on the Methodology and Guidelines page: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html].
Data SourceUtah Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Office of Public Health Assessment, Utah Department of Health
Data Interpretation IssuesDoctor-diagnosed hypercholesterolemia is based on the answer to the question: "Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have high blood cholesterol?" This question is asked on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in odd-numbered years. Due to small numbers, data by Utah Small Area are based on combined years. Some of these estimates may be statistically unreliable and should be interpreted with caution. Beginning in 2011, BRFSS data include both landline and cell phone respondent data along with a new weighting methodology called iterative proportional fitting, or raking. This methodology utilizes additional demographic information (such as education, race, and marital status) in the weighting procedure. Both of these methodology changes were implemented to account for an increased number of U.S. households without landline phones and an under-representation of certain demographic groups that were not well-represented in the sample. More details about these changes can be found at: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf].
DefinitionThe proportion of adults who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have high blood cholesterol.
NumeratorThe number of adults who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have high blood cholesterol.
DenominatorThe total number of survey respondents (BRFSS survey) excluding those with missing or refused values in the numerator.
Healthy People Objective HDS-7:Reduce the proportion of adults with high total blood cholesterol levels
U.S. Target: 13.5 percent
How Are We Doing?In 2019, the age-adjusted percentage of Utah adults who reported being told they had high cholesterol was 24.4% (approximately 1 in 4 adults). In 2019 doctor-diagnosed high cholesterol was different by gender (22.1% for females and 24.2% for males). High cholesterol prevalence increased with age. Among Utahns aged 65 and over, 47.1% were diagnosed with high cholesterol, compared to 7.1% of adults aged 18 to 34.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In 2019, the age-adjusted U.S. estimate for high cholesterol was 29.2% of adults (compared to 24.4% for adults in Utah).
What Is Being Done?The Healthy Environments Active Living (HEAL) was previously known as the EPICC Program. EPICC was formed in 2013, consolidating three Utah Department of Health programs (Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program, and the Physical Activity, Nutrition and Obesity Program). The purpose of the consolidation was to ensure a productive, collaborative, and efficient program focused on health outcomes. In 2021, the program name was changed to HEAL. HEAL aims to reduce the incidence of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke by targeting risk factors including reducing obesity, increasing physical activity and nutritious food consumption, and improving diabetes and hypertension control. The program is organized around four domains: *Domain 1: Epidemiology and Surveillance--gather, analyze, and disseminate data and information and conduct evaluation to inform, prioritize, deliver, and monitor programs and population health. *Domain 2: Policy and Environment--environmental approaches the promote health and support and reinforce healthful behaviors (statewide in schools and childcare, worksites, and communities). *Domain 3: Health Systems--Health system interventions to improve the effective delivery and use of clinical and other preventive services in order to prevent disease, detect diseases early, and reduce or eliminate risk factors and manage complications. *Domain 4: Community Clinical Linkages--Strategies to improve community-clinical linkages ensuring that communities support and clinics refer patients to programs that improve management of chronic conditions. [[br]] The primary program strategies include: *Increasing healthy nutrition and physical activity environments in K-12 schools *Increasing healthy nutrition and physical activity environments in early care and education (childcare/preschool) *Increasing healthy nutrition and physical activity environments in worksites *Improving awareness of prediabetes and hypertension for Utahns *Improving the quality of medical care for people with diabetes and hypertension *Improving the linkages between health care providers and supporting community programs for Utahns with diabetes and hypertension *Improving access and availability to community health programs for Utahns with diabetes, hypertension, and obesity *Improving care and management of students with chronic conditions in Utah schools
Evidence-based PracticesHigh cholesterol is one of the most commonly treated medical conditions. Aggressive treatment focuses on lowering LDL ("bad" cholesterol levels). Lowering LDL cholesterol reduces the risk of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke. A low cholesterol diet, increased exercise, and statin medications are the first line of treatment.
Health Program InformationIn 2012, the Utah Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program published a statistical report titled the Impact of Heart Disease and Stroke in Utah. This report describes overall patterns in cardiovascular disease and risk factors at the state and national levels and among Utah sub-populations (age group, sex, race, ethnicity, and Utah Small Area). Originally the EPICC Program (The Healthy Living through Environment, Policy, and Improved Clinical Care Program), The Healthy Environments, Active Living (HEAL) Program is a program within the Utah Department of Health Bureau of Health Promotion. HEAL focuses on enabling education and engaged change for public health by engaging its three main audiences: individuals, partners, and decision-makers. HEAL champions public health initiatives and addresses the challenges of making health awareness and access truly universal and equitable in eight key areas: nutrition, heart health, diabetes, physical activity, schools, child care, community health workers, and worksites.
Page Content Updated On 11/16/2021, Published on 11/18/2021