DefinitionThe rate of leukemia (ICD-10: C91-C95) in Utah per 100,000 population.
NumeratorThe number of incidents of leukemia among Utah population for a given time period (ICD-10: C91-C95).
DenominatorPopulation of Utah for a specific period of time.
Data Interpretation IssuesIncidence rates may vary from source to source. This may be because of having more or less updated information or using different population databases.
Why Is This Important?Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells. Leukemia starts in the bone marrow and then spreads to the blood. From there it can go to the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, central nervous system, and other organs.
Not all leukemias are the same. Leukemias are divided into four main types: acute or chronic and lymphocytic or myeloid. Acute luekemias generally act faster but are more likely to be cured. Chronic leukemias generally last much longer but are more difficult to cure. Myeloid leukemias primarily involve cells called granulocytes or monocytes, while lymphocytic leukemias usually develop from a type of cell called lymphocytes.
Some risk factors for developing leukemia include smoking, environmental exposures such as benzene, herbicides and insecticides, radiation, blood problems, viral infections, genetics, and lack of proper diet and exercise ([http://www.cancer.org]).
What Is Being Done?The Utah Leukemia and Lymphoma Society offers many services to those affected by these cancers such as educational information, support groups, advocacy and volunteer opportunities, treatment options, and research information. For more information visit [http://www.leukemia-lymphoma.org].