PHOM Indicator Profile Report of Drug Overdose and Poisoning Incidents
Why Is This Important?Drug poisoning deaths are a preventable public health problem; they are the leading cause of injury death in Utah, outpacing deaths due to firearms, falls, and motor vehicle crashes. Every month, 53 Utah adults die as a result of a drug poisoning, 85.3% of which are unintentional or of undetermined intent, and of these, 75.6% involve opioids. Utah is particularly affected by prescription opioids, which are responsible for half of the unintentinal and undetermined drug poisoning deaths in the state.
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
- National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
Data NotesData are age-adjusted (2000 U.S. standard population). Poisoning deaths are defined as ICD-10 codes X40-X49, Y10-Y19, X60-X69, X85-X90, Y35.2, *U01.6-U01.7. Drug poisoning deaths are a subset of poisoning deaths and are defined as ICD-10 codes X40-X44, X60-X64, X85, Y10-Y14. The Consensus Recommendations for National and State Poisoning Surveillance definition of a drug is as follows: A drug is any chemical compound that is chiefly used by or administered to humans or animals as an aid in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease or injury, for the relief of pain or suffering, to control or improve any physiologic or pathologic condition, or for the feeling it causes. U.S. data for 2018 is not yet available.
Risk FactorsIn Utah, the top circumstances observed in prescription opioid deaths were physical health problem, substance abuse problem, current mental health problem, current mental health/substance abuse treatment, non-prescription drug involvement, alcohol dependence or problem, and history of suicide attempts. Source: Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program, Prescription Opioid Deaths in Utah, 2017 updated Fact Sheet [http://health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/RxDrugs/PDODeaths2015.pdf] (accessed 11/6/2019)
How Are We Doing?The 2018 age-adjusted drug poisoning death rate was 21.2 per 100,000 population. During that year, 6.3% of Utah drug poisoning deaths were of undetermined intent, 12.8% were self-inflicted, and 80.8% were unintentional. From 2016 to 2018, males (25.6 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted drug poisoning death rate compared to females (18.0 per 100,000 population). Both males and females had the highest crude rates in the 45-54 year old age group. For ages 18-34, male drug poisoning death rates were significantly higher than female drug poisoning death rates.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health (UDOH) has received funding to address prescription drug abuse, misuse, and overdose deaths by continuing data collection efforts to help target interventions, develop provider materials, increase naloxone awareness, expand public awareness efforts, and develop provider tools and resources to address prescription drug abuse. To address the opioid epidemic in Utah, the Violence and Injury Prevention Program oversees academic detailing; leads opioid dashboard development; manages Stop the Opidemic, a campaign that works to raise awareness on opioid abuse and misuse while reducing stigma; organizes naloxone dissemination and tracks overdose reversals; and provides funding to local health departments, 2-1-1, and other community partners who work alongside the UDOH in the opioid epidemic.
Healthy People Objective: Prevent an increase in poisoning deaths among all personsU.S. Target: 13.2 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 12.9 per 100,000 population
Date Indicator Content Last Updated: 11/06/2019
- Causes of Injury Death, Utah, 2016-2018
- Deaths by Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2018
- Deaths by Intent and Type (drug vs. other), Utah, 2016-2018
- Drug Deaths by Age and Sex, Utah, 2016-2018
- Drug Deaths by Local Health District, Utah, 2016-2018
- Drug Deaths by Utah Small Area, 2014-2018
- Prescription Opioid Deaths by Year, Utah, 2000-2018