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PHOM Indicator Profile Report of Drug Overdose and Poisoning Incidents

Why Is This Important?

Drug poisoning deaths are a preventable public health problem; they are the leading cause of injury death in Utah, outpacing deaths due to firearms, falls, and motor vehicle crashes. Every month, 53 Utah adults die as a result of a drug poisoning, 85.3% of which are unintentional or of undetermined intent, and of these, 75.6% involve opioids. Utah is particularly affected by prescription opioids, which are responsible for half of the unintentinal and undetermined drug poisoning deaths in the state.

Poisoning Deaths by Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2018

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Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)

Data Notes

Data are age-adjusted (2000 U.S. standard population). Poisoning deaths are defined as ICD-10 codes X40-X49, Y10-Y19, X60-X69, X85-X90, Y35.2, *U01.6-U01.7. Drug poisoning deaths are a subset of poisoning deaths and are defined as ICD-10 codes X40-X44, X60-X64, X85, Y10-Y14. The Consensus Recommendations for National and State Poisoning Surveillance definition of a drug is as follows: A drug is any chemical compound that is chiefly used by or administered to humans or animals as an aid in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease or injury, for the relief of pain or suffering, to control or improve any physiologic or pathologic condition, or for the feeling it causes. U.S. data for 2018 is not yet available.

Risk Factors

In Utah, the top circumstances observed in prescription opioid deaths were physical health problem, substance abuse problem, current mental health problem, current mental health/substance abuse treatment, non-prescription drug involvement, alcohol dependence or problem, and history of suicide attempts. Source: Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program, Prescription Opioid Deaths in Utah, 2017 updated Fact Sheet [http://health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/RxDrugs/PDODeaths2015.pdf] (accessed 11/6/2019)

How Are We Doing?

The 2018 age-adjusted drug poisoning death rate was 21.2 per 100,000 population. During that year, 6.3% of Utah drug poisoning deaths were of undetermined intent, 12.8% were self-inflicted, and 80.8% were unintentional. From 2016 to 2018, males (25.6 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted drug poisoning death rate compared to females (18.0 per 100,000 population). Both males and females had the highest crude rates in the 45-54 year old age group. For ages 18-34, male drug poisoning death rates were significantly higher than female drug poisoning death rates.

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Department of Health (UDOH) has received funding to address prescription drug abuse, misuse, and overdose deaths by continuing data collection efforts to help target interventions, develop provider materials, increase naloxone awareness, expand public awareness efforts, and develop provider tools and resources to address prescription drug abuse. To address the opioid epidemic in Utah, the Violence and Injury Prevention Program oversees academic detailing; leads opioid dashboard development; manages Stop the Opidemic, a campaign that works to raise awareness on opioid abuse and misuse while reducing stigma; organizes naloxone dissemination and tracks overdose reversals; and provides funding to local health departments, 2-1-1, and other community partners who work alongside the UDOH in the opioid epidemic.

Healthy People Objective: Prevent an increase in poisoning deaths among all persons

U.S. Target: 13.2 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 12.9 per 100,000 population

Date Indicator Content Last Updated: 11/06/2019


Other Views

The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sun, 31 May 2020 1:12:48 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Wed, 20 Nov 2019 13:46:51 MST