Health Indicator Report of Postpartum Depression
Postpartum depression is the most common complication related to childbirth. While postpartum depression is treatable, many women who suffer from it remain undiagnosed. Untreated postpartum depression can last as long as one to two years and may affect the ability of a woman to function in normal daily tasks. Further, untreated postpartum depression may impact family relationships, a woman's ability to bond with her baby, and the cognitive development of her baby as well as other children in the home. There may be a variety of reasons a woman does not receive treatment for postpartum depression including the inability to recognize the signs and symptoms as well as the uncertainty of knowing who to ask for help.
Percentage of Utah Women Who Reported Postpartum Depression Symptoms by Pregnancy Intention, Utah PRAMS, 2012-2013
NotesWomen were categorized as having reported postpartum depression symptoms if they answered 'Always' or 'Often' to either of these questions: "Since your new baby was born, how often have you felt down, depressed, or hopeless?" And, "Since your new baby was born, how often have you had little interest or little pleasure in doing things?" (Answer options included: always, often, sometimes, rarely, never). [[br]][[br]]Beginning in 2012, the PRAMS survey added the response "I wasn't sure what I wanted" to the question about pregnancy intention. The addition of this response likely diluted the percentage of responses in the other categories so 2012 and 2013 data are not comparable to previous years.
Data SourceUtah Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), Utah Department of Health
Data Interpretation IssuesThe data here represent self-reported postpartum depression symptoms and not clinical diagnoses of postpartum depression.
DefinitionThe percentage of Utah women who reported postpartum depression symptoms divided by the number of Utah women who delivered a live infant.
NumeratorThe number of Utah women who reported postpartum depression symptoms.
DenominatorThe number of Utah women who delivered a live infant.
Healthy People Objective MICH-34:(Developmental) Decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms
U.S. Target: Developmental
Other ObjectivesThe following Healthy People 2020 objectives are also relevant: MHMD-9: Increase the proportion of adults with mental health disorders who receive treatment MHMD-11: Increase depression screening by primary care providers MHMD-4: Reduce the proportion of persons who experience major depressive episodes (MDEs)
How Are We Doing?For 2012-2013, the overall rate of self-reported postpartum depression symptoms in Utah women was 11.8%.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?According to national PRAMStat data, 15.3% of women in Utah reported frequent postpartum symptoms, which is the second highest of the 26 reporting sites in 2009-2011. This is significantly higher than the overall rate of 10.1%. The lowest rate was in Hawaii at 6.9% and the highest in Arkansas at 18.0%.
What Is Being Done?The Maternal and Infant Health Program (MIHP) has been working on increasing awareness of postpartum depression and the need to screen for it among health care providers through a variety of methods. Staff from MIHP participate on Utah's Maternal Mental Health Collaborative whose mission is to "exchange ideas and form relationships to increase and improve awareness, prevention, detection and treatment of maternal mental health conditions in Utah". The MIHP continues to collaborate with Baby Your Baby to include a section on postpartum depression (PPD) in their updated version of the Keepsake book which is distributed to pregnant women throughout the state. Additionally, the program has worked with State Medicaid staff members to include information on PPD in a "termination of coverage" notice women receive three to four months prior to losing Medicaid coverage 60 days postpartum. This information encourages women to seek help for PPD if needed before their coverage ends.
Page Content Updated On 09/07/2016, Published on 10/13/2016