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Health Indicator Report of Melanoma of the Skin Incidence

Melanoma of the skin is one of the most common cancers. Melanoma is cancer of melanocyte cells, the cells in the skin that make melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. Melanoma of the skin is much less common than skin cancers that form in other skin cells, called basal cells and squamous cells, but it is far more dangerous. Melanoma is more likely than other skin cancers to spread to other parts of the body.^1^ Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight or artificial sources such as tanning beds is a key risk factor for developing melanoma. Anyone can get skin cancer, but some factors increase the risk. Risk factors that can be controlled include a history of sunburns early in life, especially blistering sunburns, and being exposed to UV rays over long periods of time.^2^ Other risk factors that can increase the risk of melanoma include fair complexion including lighter skin color, skin that burns or freckles easily, blue or green eyes, and red or blond hair. Melanoma is more common in non-Hispanic White individuals than among people of other racial or ethnic backgrounds, but people of any race can get melanoma. Family history of melanoma or having many moles also increase the risk. Experts recommend individuals reduce their risk for melanoma and other skin cancers by using sun protection outdoors and avoiding tanning booths. A change in the skin, such as a new growth, change in a mole, or a sore that does not heal, is the most common sign of skin cancer. People should check their skin for moles regularly to help spot suspicious changes.^3^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1 [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/what-is-skin-cancer.htm][[br]] 2 [https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/patient/skin-prevention-pdq][[br]] 3 [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/symptoms.htm]

Melanoma of the skin incidence by year, Utah and U.S., 2000-2020

Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.   [[br]] ^ ^Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. population.[[br]]

Data Sources

  • Cancer data provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, supported by the National Cancer Institute (HHSN261201800016I), the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NU58DP0063200), the University of Utah, and Huntsman Cancer Foundation
  • For years 2020 and later, the population estimates are provided by the Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute, Utah state and county annual population estimates are by single year of age and sex, IBIS Version 2022
  • Population Estimates for 2000-2019: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2020
  • SEER*Explorer: An interactive website for SEER cancer statistics. Surveillance Research Program, National Cancer Institute. Available from: [https://seer.cancer.gov/statistics-network/explorer/].

Data Interpretation Issues

Cancer diagnoses in 2020 may be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic due to the changes in health services and cancer screening accessibility.

Definition

The rate of melanoma incidence in Utah per 100,000 population (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43).

Numerator

The number of melanoma incidents among Utahns for a specific time period (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43).

Denominator

The total population of Utah for a specific time period.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah has consistently had one of the highest incidence rates of melanoma in the U.S., even when accounting for race and ethnicity. One possible factor that may contribute to this higher rate is an increased risk of UV exposure due to Utah's higher elevation and high proportion of sunny days.
Page Content Updated On 01/09/2024, Published on 04/26/2024
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health and Human Services IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 27 May 2024 20:08:51 from Utah Department of Health and Human Services, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 26 Apr 2024 13:14:13 MDT