Health Indicator Report of Homicide
From 2015 to 2019, the Utah age-adjusted homicide rate was 2.36 per 100,000 persons. This is an average of 73 homicides per year. Although Utah has one of the lowest age-adjusted homicide rates in the U.S., infants (less than 1 year of age) and the elderly (ages 85+) have the highest homicide rates compared to other age groups in Utah. Death by homicide takes an enormous toll on the mental and physical well-being of family members, friends, neighbors, and co-workers of the victim. The trauma, grief, and bereavement experienced by these individuals have long-lasting impacts that affect many aspects of their lives.
Homicide by Ethnicity, Utah, 2015-2019
NotesHomicides are determined by using ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02. [[br]] [[br]]Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population with 10 age adjustment age groups.
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018
Data Interpretation IssuesICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as homicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits.
DefinitionNumber of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force or power, threatened or actual, against another person, per 100,000 population. ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.
NumeratorNumber of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force or power, threatened or actual, against another person.
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population of Utah.
Healthy People Objective IVP-29:Reduce homicides
U.S. Target: 5.5 homicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 2 homicides per 100,000 population
Other ObjectivesHealthy People Objective 2020 IVP-30: [[br]] Reduce firearm-related deaths[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 9.3 deaths per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 9.0 firearm-related deaths per 100,000 population
How Are We Doing?The 2015-2019 Utah age-adjusted homicide rate was 2.36 per 100,000 population. The 2019 rate was 2.58 which was an increase from the 2018 rate of 2.20, however it was the same as the 2017 rate of 2.58. The 82 homicide deaths in Utah during 2019 was the highest amount of homicides in Utah in the last 20 years. 2004 had the lowest amount of homicide deaths in Utah in the last 20 years with 42.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The Utah homicide rate has been consistently lower than the national rate. From 2014-2018, the homicide rate for the U.S. was 5.66 per 100,000 population. For Utah during this same time period, the age-adjusted homicide rate was 2.26 per 100,000 population. Utah had the 5th lowest homicide rate in the U.S. during 2014-2018.
What Is Being Done?The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as homicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. VIPP also coordinates the Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee (DVFRC) and the Child Fatality Review Committee (CFRC), whose members come from various statewide agencies and disciplines. Based upon the data collected, both committees make recommendations to prevent these deaths.
Available ServicesUtah Office For Victims Of Crime [[br]] 1-801-238-2360[[br]] Toll-free: 1-800-621-7444[[br]] [https://justice.utah.gov/Crime/] Utah Domestic Violence Coalition[[br]] [https://www.udvc.org/] Statewide Domestic Violence LinkLine[[br]] 1-800-897-LINK (5465)
Health Program InformationThe Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.
Page Content Updated On 10/21/2020, Published on 03/12/2021