Health Indicator Report of Depression: Adult Prevalence
Approximately 21.0%* of adults in the U.S. experienced some kind of mental illness during 2020^1^. Mental disorders like depression and anxiety can affect people's ability to take part in healthy behaviors. Similarly, physical health problems can make it harder for people to get treatment for mental disorders. Increasing screening for mental disorders can help people get the treatment they need^2^. Approximately 8.4% of adults suffered from at least one episode of major depression in 2020^3^. Major depression is defined as having severe symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. Symptoms of major depression may include fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, impaired concentration, loss of interest in daily activities, appetite or weight changes, sleep changes, and recurring thoughts of death or suicide. Despite the availability of effective treatments for major depression, such as medications and/or psychotherapeutic techniques, it often goes unrecognized and untreated.^4^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. National Institute of Mental Health. ''Any Mental Illness (AMI) Among U.S. Adults''. Retrieved from [https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/mental-illness.shtml] on October 18, 2022. [[br]] 2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ''Healthy People 2030''. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000 [https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/mental-health-and-mental-disorders].[[br]] 3. National Institute of Mental Health. ''Major Depression Among Adults''. Retrieved from [https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/major-depression-among-adults.shtml] on October 18, 2022. [[br]] 4. National Alliance on Mental Illness Retrieved from [http://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression] on October 18, 2022.
Depression Prevalence by Utah Small Area, 2019-2021
NotesThe question asks about lifetime diagnosis and does not reflect current major depression. [[br]] IBIS data source link: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/ibisph-view/query/builder/brfss/LandlineCellAgeAdj5_AwareDep/AwareDep.html]. [[br]] [[br]] Age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html].
Data SourceThe Utah Department of Health and Human Services Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
Data Interpretation IssuesQuestion Text: "Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression?" NOTE: The question asks about lifetime diagnosis and does not reflect current major depression. As with all surveys, some error results from nonresponse (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), and measurement (e.g., social desirability or recall bias). Error was minimized by use of strict calling protocols, good questionnaire design, standardization of interviewer behavior, interviewer training, and frequent, on-site interviewer monitoring and supervision.
DefinitionThe percentage of adults aged 18 and above who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professionals that they have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression.
NumeratorThe number of adults aged 18 and above who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression.
DenominatorAdults aged 18 and above.
Healthy People Objective MHMD-11:Increase depression screening by primary care providers
U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category
Other ObjectivesRelated to Healthy People 2030 Objective MHMD-11: Increase depression screening by primary care providers.
How Are We Doing?In Utah, adult women (32.1%) had significantly higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than men (16.3%) in 2021. Combined years 2019-2021 Utah data showed the following: * Hispanic (18.9%), Asian (9.2%), and Pacific Islander (15.6%) adults reported lower lifetime depression than the State rate. White adults (24.7%) reported higher lifetime depression than the state rate. * Adults with a household income less than $25,000 (34.7%) and those with a household income $25,000-$49,999 (27.6%) had significantly higher rates of lifetime doctor-diagnosed depression, while adults with an income greater than $75,000 (19.2%) had lower rates of lifetime depression. * Depression also varied by education. Utah adults aged 25 and above with a college education (19.5%) had a lower rate of doctor-diagnosed depression than adult Utahns with less education. * Adults in Utah County (22.1%), Southwest (20.9%), Wasatch (18.7%), and Summit County Local Health District (17.1%) reported lower rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate. Tooele County (27.8%) and Weber-Morgan (26.3%) had a rate significantly higher than the state rate. * Among Utah Small Areas, Salt Lake City (Downtown) (31.7%), Sandy (Center) (31.6%), South Salt Lake (30.9%), Midvale (30.7%), Ogden (Downtown) (30.6%), Daybreak (30.2%), South Ogden (30.0%), Clearfield/Hooper (29.7%), Murray (29.6%), Tooele Valley (28.6%), and Carbon County (28.4%) had higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate. Mapleton (11.7%), San Juan County (Other) (12.2%), Park City (14.4%), Southwest LHD (16.8%), Millcreek (East) (17.2%), Provo (West City Center) (18.1%), Lehi (18.6%), and Wasatch County (18.7%) had lower rates than the state rate.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Utah has consistently higher rates of self-reported lifetime depression than the U.S. rate (24.2% vs. 20.1% in 2021).
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health and Huma Services Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) partnered with the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH) to facilitate the Suicide Prevention Coalition and Suicide Fatality Reviews. In addition, six local health districts (Bear River, Davis, Summit, Tooele, Utah, Weber-Morgan) have been funded to do suicide prevention activities such as promoting mental health resources and help-seeking behavior, distributing gun locks to reduce access to lethal means, and training the community in suicide prevention using evidence-based/promising practice programs like Signs of Suicide, Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR), Working Minds, and SafeTALK. These trainings promote suicide first aid by teaching individuals to recognize the warning signs of suicide, how to offer hope, and how to refer to resources and save a life.
Evidence-based PracticesEvidence based practices for suicide prevention and media messaging can be found on [http://https://vipp.health.utah.gov/suicide-prevention/].
Available ServicesThe Utah Department of Human Services Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health (DSAMH) is the state agency responsible for ensuring that mental health services are available statewide. The Division also acts as a resource by providing general information, research results, and statistics to the public regarding substances of abuse and mental health services. The Division contracts with Community Mental Health Centers (CMHC) to provide these services and monitors these centers through site visits, a year-end review process, and a peer review process. Address:[[br]] Department of Human Services[[br]] Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health[[br]] 195 North 1950 West[[br]] Salt Lake City, UT 84116 Phone: (801) 538-3939[[br]] Fax: (801) 538-9892[[br]] [http://dsamh.utah.gov/]
Page Content Updated On 10/18/2022, Published on 11/16/2022