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Health Indicator Report of Colorectal Cancer Incidence

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common. Most colorectal cancers start as abnormal growths, called polyps, that form in the inner lining of the colon or rectum.^1^ Colorectal cancer is more common as people age. Some risk factors include inflammatory bowel disease, family history, and certain genetic syndromes like Lynch syndrome. Also, some lifestyle factors can also increase the risk. These include physical inactivity, diet, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption. Colorectal cancer is one of the more commonly diagnosed cancers and is a leading cause of death due to cancer in the United States. However, colorectal cancer screening tests reduce the risk. Screening can find precancerous polyps, which can be removed before becoming cancer. Screening can also detect cancer at an early stage, which increases the likelihood of effective treatment and survival. Adults should begin routine colorectal cancer screening starting at age 45.[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/basic_info/]

Colorectal cancer incidence by race, Utah, 2018-2020

Notes

Cancer sites include colon, rectum, and rectosigmoid junction.   [[br]]Age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2022
  • Cancer data provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, supported by the National Cancer Institute (HHSN261201800016I), the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NU58DP0063200), the University of Utah, and Huntsman Cancer Foundation

Data Interpretation Issues

Cancer diagnoses in 2020 may be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic due to the changes in health services and cancer screening accessibility.

Definition

The rate of colorectal cancer incidence in Utah per 100,000 population. Cancer sites include colon, rectum, and rectosigmoid junction.

Numerator

The number of new colorectal cancers diagnosed among Utah residents for a given time period.

Denominator

The population of Utah or U.S. for a specific time period.

How Are We Doing?

The incidence of colorectal cancer in Utah has declined significantly over time. This is likely due to the increased uptake in routine colorectal cancer screening, as screening can prevent cancer through removal of precancerous polyps.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah's rate of colorectal cancer is lower than that of the rest of the United States.

What Is Being Done?

Screening for colorectal cancer has recently been identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a priority public health issue.

Health Program Information

The mission of the Utah Cancer Coalition is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, skin cancer prevention, and cancer survivorship advocacy.
Page Content Updated On 03/26/2024, Published on 05/31/2024
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health and Human Services IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 17 June 2024 23:11:14 from Utah Department of Health and Human Services, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 31 May 2024 09:40:22 MDT