Health Indicator Report of Colorectal Cancer Incidence
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cancer found in men and women in the U.S. According to American Cancer Society Surveillance Research, it is estimated that there will be 135,430 new cases of colorectal cancer in the U.S. during 2017. ^1^ Thanks to colorectal cancer screening, polyps can be found and removed before they turn into cancer. Through screening colorectal cancer can be found earlier when it is easier and more effective to treat. [[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. [https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/cancer-org/research/cancer-facts-and-statistics/annual-cancer-facts-and-figures/2017/cancer-facts-and-figures-2017.pdf]
Colorectal Cancer Incidence by Local Health District, Utah, 2012-2014
NotesCancer sites include Colon, Rectum, and Rectosigmoid Junction. [[br]] ^ ^Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population.[[br]] ^ ^^Prior to 2015 San Juan County was part of the Southeast Local Health District. In 2015 the San Juan County Local Health District was formed. Data reported are for all years using the current boundaries.
- The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
DefinitionThe rate of colon cancer incidence in Utah per 100,000 population. [Cancer sites include Colon, Rectum, and Rectosigmoid Junction.]
NumeratorThe number of incidents of colon cancer among Utah residents for a given time period. [Cancer sites include Colon, Rectum, and Rectosigmoid Junction.]
DenominatorThe population of Utah or U.S. for a specific time period.
Healthy People Objective C-9:Reduce invasive colorectal cancer
U.S. Target: 39.9 new cases per 100,000 population
Other ObjectivesUtah Cancer Action Network Target for Change:[[br]] Reduce the rate of colorectal cancer diagnosed at an advanced (regional or distant) stage among adults ages 50 to 74.[[br]] '''Utah 2020 Target:''' 32 per 100,000 population
How Are We Doing?Utah's rate of colorectal cancer has currently reached an all time low in 2014 (30.0 per 100,000 population). Utah women were less likely to be diagnosed with colon cancer than men. From 2012-2014 there were 78.2 diagnosed cases of colorectal cancer per 100,000 females aged 50+ compared to 96.8 cases per 100,000 males aged 50+. Among Utah Health districts, between 2012-2014 TriCounty Health District had the highest rates of colorectal cancer incidence at 49.0 per 100,000 persons and Summit County Health District had the lowest at 18.7 per 100,000 persons.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Utah's rate of colorectal cancer is currently and has been historically significantly lower than the U.S. In 2013, Utah's rate of colorectal cancer was 32.1 per 100,000 persons (age-adjusted) compared to the U.S. rate of 38.4 per 100,000 persons (age-adjusted).
What Is Being Done?Screening for colorectal cancer has recently been identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a priority public health issue. The Utah Cancer Control Program (UCCP) monitors the use of colorectal cancer screening tests by Utahns through the statewide Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), which is conducted annually.
Available ServicesCoverage of colorectal cancer screening tests is required by the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, the ACA doesn't apply to health plans that were in place before it was passed (so-called grandfathered plans). You can find out your insurance plan's grandfathered status by contacting your health insurance company or your employer's human resources department. If your plan started on or after September 23, 2010, it is required to cover colonoscopies and other colorectal cancer screening tests. If a plan started before September 23, 2010, it may still have coverage requirements from state laws, which vary, and other federal laws.
Health Program InformationFrom 2009-2015, the UCCP received a CDC grant to begin offering colorectal cancer screenings to low-income and uninsured Utahns. In addition to the screening program, monies were used for educational and promotional activities. Education efforts serve to increase awareness about colorectal cancer and promote screening and early detection for Utahns aged 50 and older. In addition, the Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, skin cancer prevention, and cancer survivorship advocacy.
Page Content Updated On 06/06/2017, Published on 06/06/2017