Health Indicator Report of Asthma: Child Prevalence
Asthma is a serious personal and public health issue that has far reaching medical, economic, and psychosocial implications. The burden of asthma can be seen in the number of asthma-related medical events, including emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths.
"Diagnosing and managing asthma in children under age 5 can be difficult. In infants and young children, the primary symptoms of asthma like wheezing and coughing may be caused by other conditions. Also, standard diagnostic tests used to measure how well someone is breathing cannot be used easily or accurately with children under age 5." [https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-asthma/in-depth/asthma-in-children/art-20044376]
Child Asthma Prevalence by Age and Sex, Utah, 2019-2020
Notes*Estimates for the following groups had a coefficient of variation >30% and should be interpreted with caution: Male and Female under 5
Data SourceUtah Department of Health and Human Services Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/ibisph-view/query/selection/brfss/BRFSSSelection.html]
Data Interpretation IssuesIn 2011, the BRFSS changed its methodology from a landline only sample and weighting based on post-stratification to a landline/cell phone sample and raking as the weighting methodology. Raking accounts for variables such as income, education, marital status, and home ownership during weighting.
DefinitionPercentage of Utah children ages 0-17 who have ever been diagnosed with asthma and who still have asthma.
NumeratorNumber of Utah children ages 0-17 who were diagnosed with asthma and who still have asthma.
DenominatorTotal number of Utah children ages 0-17.
How Are We Doing?Child asthma rates show no sign of declining in Utah. Child asthma point prevalence is higher for males compared to females at every age category. The highest prevalence for males and females was in the age category 15-17 (10.3% vs. 8.0%)(2019-2020, BRFSS).
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In 2020, it was estimated that 7.4% of children in the U.S. had current asthma^*^. This was slightly higher than the estimated child asthma prevalence in Utah for that same year, 6.2% (2020 BRFSS).[[br]] [[br]] ---- ''^*^The U.S. prevalence is based on 26 states who asked about child asthma prevalence in their state BRFSS.''
What Is Being Done?The Utah Asthma Program (UAP) works with the Utah Asthma Task Force and other partners to maximize the reach, impact, efficiency, and sustainability of comprehensive asthma control services in Utah. This is accomplished by providing a seamless alignment of asthma services across the public health and health care sector, ensuring that people with asthma receive all of the services they need. The UAP focuses on building program infrastructure and implementing strategies that improve asthma control, reduce asthma-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations, and reduce health care costs. Program infrastructure is strengthened through a focus on strategies to create and support a comprehensive asthma control program, these strategies include: strengthening leadership, building strategic partnerships, and using strategic communication, surveillance, and evaluation. In addition, the UAP implements strategies outlined in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) EXHALE technical package to improve asthma control. The six strategy areas outlined in the EXHALE technical package are: 1. Education on asthma self-management. 2. e-Xtinguishing smoking and secondhand smoke. 3. Home visits for trigger reduction and asthma self-management. 4. Achievement of guidelines-based medical management. 5. Linkages and coordination of care across settings. 6. Environmental policies or best practices to reduce asthma triggers from indoor, outdoor, and occupational sources. These strategies are expected to improve asthma control and quality of life by increasing access to health care and increasing coordination and coverage for comprehensive asthma control services both in the public health and health care sectors. Specifically, these strategies include identifying people with poorly controlled asthma, linking them to health care providers and NAEPP EPR-3 guidelines-based care, educating them on asthma self-management strategies, providing a supportive school environment, and referring to or providing home trigger reduction services for those who need them.
Health Program InformationUtah Asthma Program website: [http://www.health.utah.gov/asthma] CDC EXHALE package: [https://www.cdc.gov/asthma/pdfs/EXHALE_technical_package-508.pdf]
Page Content Updated On 05/24/2023, Published on 05/24/2023