DefinitionRate of newly reported cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of tuberculosis cases by count date.
DenominatorNumber of persons in the population.
Why Is This Important?Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a type of bacteria called ''Mycobacterium tuberculosis''. TB is typically spread through the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat expels tiny airborne particles (droplet nuclei). People nearby may breathe in these particles and become infected. People who have TB infection do not feel sick, do not have symptoms, and cannot spread TB. But, they may develop active TB disease at some time in the future. The bacteria usually attack the lungs but may attack any part of the body. The United States experienced a resurgence of TB disease between 1985 and 1992, when the number of TB cases increased by 20%. Early detection and treatment of TB are essential to control the spread of the disease and prevent outbreaks.
Healthy People Objective IID-29:Reduce tuberculosis (TB)
U.S. Target: 1.0 new case per 100,000 population
Other Objectives'''HP2020 Objective GH-2:''' Reduce the tuberculosis (TB) case rate for foreign-born persons living in the United States [[br]]
'''U.S. Target:''' 14.0 cases per 100,000 population
'''HP2020 Objective IID-30:''' Increase treatment completion rate of all TB patients who are eligible to complete therapy [[br]]
'''U.S. Target:''' 93.0 percent
'''HP2020 Objective IID-31:''' Increase the percentage of contacts to sputum smear-positive tuberculosis cases who complete treatment after being diagnosed with latent TB infection (LTBI) and initiated treatment for LTBI [[br]]
'''U.S. Target:''' 79.0 percent
'''HP2020 Objective IID-32:''' Increase the proportion of culture-confirmed TB patients with a positive nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) result reported within 2 days of specimen collection [[br]]
'''U.S. Target:''' 77.0 percent
'''HP2020 Objective IID-33:''' Increase the proportion of adults with TB who have been tested for HIV [[br]]
'''U.S. Target:''' 80.6 percent
How Are We Doing?In 2018, 18 cases of TB were reported in Utah, the lowest count ever reported. For the five-year period from 2014 to 2018, Utah had an average of 27 cases of TB reported per year.
The 2018 TB case rate in Utah was 0.6 per 100,000 persons, a decrease from 0.9 in 2017.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?From 1993 to 2018, the case rate of TB in Utah was an average of 31% of the national rate.
What Is Being Done?The Prevention, Treatment and Care Program at the Utah Department of Health is charged with reducing the incidence of TB disease through timely reporting and treatment. The Program also provides screening and preventive therapy for those with TB infection. There are 13 local health departments throughout Utah that are the front line of TB case management for the state. Their responsibilities include:
* diagnosis of TB infection and active TB disease
* treatment of TB infection and active TB disease
* ensuring patient adherence to treatment
* screening of high-risk populations
* providing culturally-appropriate client education.