DefinitionThe percentage of uninsured Utah children who are income eligible for the Medicaid (0-138% FPL) or CHIP (138-200% FPL) programs. Eligibility determination requires a review of circumstances in addition to income.
NumeratorThe number of children in surveyed households in each category (Utah Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System).
DenominatorThe total number of children in surveyed households for whom valid data were reported (i.e., the missing values were removed from the denominator).
Data Interpretation IssuesData for this report were calculated using only age and income eligibility requirements. However, there are additional requirements that must be met in order for children aged 0 to 18 years to qualify for either CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Plan) or Medicaid.
Specifically, Medicaid requires that children aged 0 to 5 years must live in homes with incomes at or below 133% of poverty (plus a new 5% disregard effective January 2014, making the effective income level 138% of poverty). Children aged 6 to 18 years must live at or below 133% of poverty. Additionally, children can still qualify for Medicaid even if they have some other kind of insurance. For CHIP eligibility, all children aged 0 to 18 years must live in homes with incomes below 200% of poverty (plus a new 5% disregard effective January 2014, making the effective income level 205% of poverty) and cannot be eligible for Medicaid and cannot be enrolled on any another type of insurance plan.
The Utah Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) does not have the capacity to measure Medicaid and CHIP eligibility in a way that accounts for all requirements for the two programs. Therefore, data for this report are based only on income and whether or not children had insurance coverage.
Beginning in 2011, BRFSS data include both landline and cell phone respondent data along with a new weighting methodology called iterative proportional fitting, or raking. This methodology utilizes additional demographic information in the weighting procedure. Graphs within this Indicator Report are based on the new methodology. More details about these changes can be found at: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf].
BRFSS data were weighted to reflect the Utah population distribution by age, sex, geographic area, race, education, marital status, and home ownership. Health insurance was defined as including private coverage, Medicaid, Medicare, and other government programs.
Why Is This Important?Children who are not insured by private or employer-provided plans have an opportunity to be covered by Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) if they are age 0-18, a U.S. citizen or legal resident, and live in households with incomes below 200% of poverty. This element is very important given the relationship between having insurance and accessing health care.
Other ObjectivesRelated to Healthy People 2020 Objective AHS 1.1: Increase the proportion of persons with medical insurance.[[br]]
'''U.S. Target:''' 100 percent
How Are We Doing?In 2018, approximately 5.6% of Utah children aged 0 to 18 years (including 18-year-olds) had no health insurance coverage.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?National estimates of the lack of health insurance coverage for children age 0-18 are lower (5.2%) than for Utah (7.4%) based on the 2018 ACS (American Community Survey). Please note that the methods used to calculate the uninsured rate between the ACS and the BRFSS are different. This report uses the BRFSS as its data source.