DefinitionNumber of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force or power, threatened or actual, against another person, per 100,000 population. ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.
NumeratorNumber of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force or power, threatened or actual, against another person.
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population of Utah.
Data Interpretation IssuesICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as homicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits.
Why Is This Important?From 2014 to 2018, the Utah age-adjusted homicide rate was 2.2 per 100,000 persons. This is an average of 68 homicides per year. Although Utah has one of the lowest age-adjusted homicide rates in the U.S., infants (less than 1 year of age) and the elderly (ages 85+) have the highest homicide rates compared to other age groups in Utah.
Death by homicide takes an enormous toll on the mental and physical well-being of family members, friends, neighbors, and co-workers of the victim. The trauma, grief, and bereavement experienced by these individuals have long-lasting impacts that affect many aspects of their lives.
Healthy People Objective IVP-29:Reduce homicides
U.S. Target: 5.5 homicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 2 homicides per 100,000 population
Other ObjectivesHealthy People Objective 2020 IVP-30: [[br]]
Reduce firearm-related deaths[[br]]
'''U.S. Target:''' 9.3 deaths per 100,000 population[[br]]
'''State Target:''' 9.0 firearm-related deaths per 100,000 population
How Are We Doing?The 2018 Utah age-adjusted homicide rate was 2.2 per 100,000 population. From 2014 to 2018, males (3.1 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted homicide rate compared to females (1.3 per 100,000 population).
Adults ages 85+ had the highest homicide rates among males and females (6.8 and 3.7 per 100,000 population, respectively).
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The Utah homicide rate has been consistently lower than the national rate. From 2013 to 2017, the age-adjusted homicide rate for the U.S. was 5.6 per 100,000 population. The Utah age-adjusted homicide rate was 2.2 per 100,000 population from 2014 to 2018.
What Is Being Done?The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as homicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths.
VIPP also coordinates the Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee (DVFRC) and the Child Fatality Review Committee (CFRC), whose members come from various statewide agencies and disciplines. Based upon the data collected, both committees make recommendations to prevent these deaths.
Health Program InformationThe Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.