Important Facts for Critical Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD) Screening
DefinitionPercentage of Utah newborns screened for state mandated CCHD screening (by pulse oximetry) and the results.
NumeratorPercentage of Utah of newborns who either passed, failed, or were not screened for CCHD (by pulse oximetry).
DenominatorThe number of live born infants born in Utah during the year.
Why Is This Important?Critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) represents a group of heart defects that cause serious, life-threatening symptoms and require intervention within the first days or first year of life. CCHD is often treatable if detected early. Some babies affected with CCHD can look and act healthy at first, but within hours or days after birth, they can have serious complications. Pulse oximetry newborn screening is a non-invasive test measuring how much oxygen is in the blood and can help to identify babies that may be affected with CCHD. Early identification allows for earlier contact with specialists who can help manage the infant's care in a timely and appropriate way, reducing potential complications. Utah CCHD Website[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/cchd/] Testing of Newborn Infants Utah Health Code Statute 26-10-5.5(1)(d)[[br]] [https://le.utah.gov/xcode/Title26/Chapter10/26-10-S6.html#:~:text=Testing%20of%20newborn%20infants.,-(1)&text=critical%20congenital%20heart%20defects%20using%20pulse%20oximetry.&text=the%20administrative%20cost%20of%20follow,or%20guardians%20of%20tested%20infants.] Rule R398-5. Birth Defects and Critical Congenital Heart Disease Reporting[[br]] Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD) by pulse oximetry (POX) became mandatory for all newborns born in Utah on October 1, 2014, and should be completed when the newborn is between 24 to 48 hours old and is reported through Rule R398-5. Birth Defects and Critical Congenital Heart Disease Reporting.[[br]] [https://adminrules.utah.gov/public/search/398-5/Current%20Rules]
Healthy People Objective MICH-32.1:Increase the number of States and the District of Columbia that verify through linkage with vital records that all newborns are screened shortly after birth for conditions mandated by their State-sponsored screening program
U.S. Target: 45 States (44 States and the District of Columbia)