DefinitionThe rate of incidence of cancer of the brain and central nervous system (ICD-10: C71-72) in Utah per 100,000 population.
NumeratorThe number of incidents of cancer of the brain and central nervous system among Utah population for a given time period (ICD-10: C71-72).
DenominatorPopulation of Utah for a specific period of time.
Data Interpretation IssuesIncidence rates may vary from source to source. This may be due to provisional data or using different population databases.
Why Is This Important?Brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumors are the second most common cancers in children (after leukemia). They account for about 16% of childhood cancers.^1^
The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system (CNS). Brain and spinal cord tumors are growths of abnormal cells in tissues of the brain or spinal cord. Tumors that start in the brain are called primary brain tumors. A tumor that starts in another part of the body and spreads to the brain is called a metastatic brain tumor.
Brain and spinal cord tumors can occur in both adults and children. The types of tumors that form and the way they are treated are different in children and adults.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) depends on many factors, including age, tumor size, tumor type, and where the tumor is in the CNS.[[br]]
1. Ross JA & Spector LG. 2006. Cancers in Children. In: Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, 3rd Ed. (Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JH, eds.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press pp. 1251-1268.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?From 2012-2016, Utah had a slightly higher age-adjusted incidence rate of brain and central nervous system cancer than the U.S. The Utah rate was 6.7 per 100,000 population and the U.S. rate was 6.5 per 100,000 population.^2^[[br]]
2. National Cancer Institute. (2019). State Cancer Profiles: Utah. Accessed on January 14, 2020 from [https://statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov/quick-profiles/index.php?statename=utah].