Important Facts for Alcohol Consumption - Heavy Drinking
Definition'''Heavy drinking''' is defined as consuming 8 or more alcoholic beverages per week for women or 15 or more alcoholic beverages per week for men. It is listed as the percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who reported heavy drinking during the 30 days prior to the survey. [[img src ="https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/alcohol-screening-counseling/images/problem1_970px.jpg" width = "652" height= "455"]]
NumeratorNumber of survey respondents who reported heavy drinking during the 30 days prior to the survey.
DenominatorNumber of survey respondents excluding those with missing, "Don't know/Not sure" or "Refused" responses.
Data Interpretation IssuesTo reduce bias and more accurately represent population data, the BRFSS survey methodology changed. In 2009, the survey began including surveys on cellular phones in addition to landline phones. And a new weighting methodology, known as "iterative proportional fitting" (raking) was implemented. More details about these changes can be found [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf here]. As with all surveys, some error results from non-response (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), and measurement (e.g., social desirability or recall bias). Error was minimized by use of strict calling protocols, good questionnaire design, standardization of interviewer behavior, interviewer training, and frequent, on-site interviewer monitoring and supervision. The CDC defines heavy drinking as 8 or more alcoholic beverages per week for women, or 15 or more alcoholic beverages per week for men. However, because this is a calculated variable and there is the need to incorporate a continuous range or responses, the definition used in the calculation is, "more than 14 drinks for men" and "more than 7 drinks for women".
Why Is This Important?'''Heavy drinking''' is a type of excessive alcohol use. It exceeds the Dietary Guidelines for Americans definition of moderate drinking which is up to 1 drink per day for women, and up to 2 drinks per day for men. Most heavy drinkers are also binge drinkers. According to the latest estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, excessive alcohol use is responsible for '''88,000 deaths in the United States''' each year, including 1 in 10 deaths among working-age adults aged 20-64 years.^1^ Estimates also suggest that over '''700 Utahns''' die from alcohol-attributable causes each year and Utah is ranked seventh in the nation for alcohol poisoning deaths.^2^ Excessive alcohol use is also associated with many health and social harms, including '''liver cirrhosis, certain cancers, unintentional injuries, violence, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder'''. Excessive drinking cost the United States $249 billion in 2010.^3^ In 2014, the cost of excessive alcohol use in Utah was estimated to be $1.2 billion.^4^[[br]] [[br]] ---- #Preventing Chronic Disease, 2014, Contribution of excessive alcohol consumption to deaths and years of potential life lost in the United States #Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Alcohol Related Disease Impact (ARDI) application, 2013. Available at [http://www.cdc.gov/ARDI] #American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 2010, National and State Costs of Excessive Alcohol Consumption #Utah Department of Public Safety, Alcohol Abuse Tracking Committee, 2016 Report
Healthy People Objective SA-15:Reduce the proportion of adults who drank excessively in the previous 30 days
U.S. Target: 25.4 percent