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Complete Health Indicator Report of Utah Population Characteristics: Poverty, All Persons

Definition

The percentage of persons living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty threshold.

Numerator

Estimated number of persons living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty threshold as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Denominator

Estimated number of persons in the population.

Data Interpretation Issues

Poverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values called thresholds that vary by family size, number of children, and age of householder. If a family's before tax money income is less than the dollar value of their threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. For people not living in families, poverty status is determined by comparing the individual's income to his or her threshold. The poverty threshold for a family of four including two children was $24,858 in 2017. Poverty thresholds are updated annually to allow for changes in the cost of living using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U). They do not vary geographically.

Why Is This Important?

Poverty takes into account both income and family size, and has both immediate and long-lasting effects on health. Income provides an assessment of the financial resources available to individual persons or families for basic necessities (e.g., food, clothing, and health care) to maintain or improve their well-being. Persons living in poverty are worse off than persons in more affluent households for many of the indicators tracked by the Utah Department of Health.

Healthy People Objective SDOH-3.1:

Proportion of persons living in poverty
U.S. Target: Not applicable; this measure is being tracked for informational purposes.

Other Objectives

CSTE Chronic Disease Indicator - Poverty

How Are We Doing?

According to the American Community Survey (ACS), approximately 9.7% of Utah residents, or 296,557 Utahns, were living in poverty in 2017. This includes 97,832 children aged 17 and under.

What Is Being Done?

Health care "safety net" programs, such as Medicaid, CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Plan), and the Primary Care Network (PCN) provide some relief to those who are eligible. Utah's community health centers also fill a critical niche in providing high-quality health care services to Utahns of any income level. Programs such as Head Start and those that provide assistance linking people with jobs aim to reduce poverty by increasing social functioning and self-sufficiency. Other programs, such as minimum wage requirements, food stamps, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and government subsidized health insurance and child care, provide assistance to families needing additional support.

Available Services

Utah Department of Workforce Services[[br]] P.O. Box 45249[[br]] Salt Lake City, UT 84145-0249[[br]] Phone: (801) 526-WORK (9675)[[br]] Fax: (801) 526-9211[[br]] Email: dwscontactus@utah.gov[[br]] [http://jobs.utah.gov/]


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Health status and access to health care services are strongly related to income and poverty.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

People living in poverty are less likely to have health insurance coverage and often find it more difficult to pay for needed medical care. Some literature suggests that they are more likely to be hospitalized for conditions that should have been controlled in the outpatient setting ("ambulatory care sensitive conditions" or ACSCs).

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Being in poor mental or physical health can influence an individual's ability to be employed. People with little education are less likely to earn a living wage.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

People living in poverty are worse off than those in more affluent households for many of the Indicator Reports included here.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of Persons Living in Poverty, Utah and U.S., 1980-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The data for this graph come from the Current Population Survey (CPS) for years 1980-2007 and from the American Community Survey (ACS) for years 2008-2017.
Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of PersonsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 76
Utah198010.0%7.8%12.2%
Utah198112.2%9.8%14.6%
Utah198214.5%12.0%17.0%
Utah198313.5%11.8%15.2%
Utah198411.1%8.9%13.3%
Utah198510.9%9.3%12.5%
Utah198612.6%10.9%14.3%
Utah198710.2%8.7%11.7%
Utah19889.8%8.3%11.3%
Utah19898.2%6.8%9.6%
Utah19908.2%6.8%9.6%
Utah199112.9%11.2%14.6%
Utah19929.4%8.0%10.8%
Utah199310.7%9.2%12.2%
Utah19948.0%6.7%9.3%
Utah19958.4%7.1%9.7%
Utah19967.7%6.4%9.0%
Utah19978.9%7.6%10.0%
Utah19989.0%7.7%10.3%
Utah19995.7%4.6%6.8%
Utah20007.6%6.8%8.4%
Utah200110.5%9.5%11.5%
Utah20029.9%8.9%10.9%
Utah20039.1%8.2%10.0%
Utah200410.1%9.1%11.1%
Utah20059.2%8.2%10.2%
Utah20069.3%8.3%10.3%
Utah20079.6%8.6%10.6%
Utah20089.7%9.4%10.0%
Utah200911.5%11.0%12.0%
Utah201013.2%12.7%13.7%
Utah201113.5%12.8%14.2%
Utah201212.8%12.1%13.5%
Utah201312.7%12.1%13.3%
Utah201411.7%11.1%12.3%
Utah201511.3%10.8%11.8%
Utah201610.2%9.7%10.7%
Utah20179.7%9.2%10.2%
U.S.198013.0%
U.S.198114.0%
U.S.198215.0%
U.S.198315.2%
U.S.198414.4%
U.S.198514.0%
U.S.198613.6%
U.S.198713.4%
U.S.198813.0%
U.S.198912.8%
U.S.199013.5%
U.S.199114.2%
U.S.199214.8%
U.S.199315.1%
U.S.199414.5%
U.S.199513.8%
U.S.199613.7%
U.S.199713.3%
U.S.199812.7%
U.S.199911.9%
U.S.200011.3%
U.S.200111.7%
U.S.200212.1%
U.S.200312.5%12.4%12.6%
U.S.200412.7%12.6%12.8%
U.S.200512.6%12.5%12.7%
U.S.200612.3%12.2%12.4%
U.S.200712.5%12.4%12.6%
U.S.200813.2%13.1%13.3%
U.S.200914.3%14.2%14.4%
U.S.201015.3%15.2%15.4%
U.S.201115.9%15.8%16.0%
U.S.201215.9%15.8%16.0%
U.S.201315.8%15.7%15.9%
U.S.201415.5%15.4%15.6%
U.S.201514.7%14.6%14.8%
U.S.201614.0%13.9%14.1%
U.S.201713.4%13.3%13.5%

Data Notes

Both the ACS and CPS data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Current Population Survey
  • American Community Survey


Percentage of Persons Living in Poverty by Age and Sex, Utah, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates.
Males vs. FemalesAge GroupPercentage of PersonsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 26
Male0-4 years12.3%10.6%14.0%
Male5 years12.8%9.6%16.0%
Male6-11 years10.1%8.8%11.4%
Male12-14 years9.8%8.1%11.5%
Male15 years8.8%6.1%11.5%
Male16-17 years9.8%7.4%12.2%
Male18-24 years18.3%16.4%20.2%
Male25-34 years9.6%8.5%10.7%
Male35-44 years5.0%4.2%5.8%
Male45-54 years5.8%4.9%6.7%
Male55-64 years5.5%4.5%6.5%
Male65-74 years5.0%3.9%6.1%
Male75+ years5.2%3.7%6.7%
Female0-4 years12.7%11.0%14.4%
Female5 years13.3%9.0%17.6%
Female6-11 years11.2%9.7%12.7%
Female12-14 years7.8%6.0%9.6%
Female15 years9.0%5.5%12.5%
Female16-17 years8.4%6.2%10.6%
Female18-24 years20.7%18.9%22.5%
Female25-34 years11.8%10.4%13.2%
Female35-44 years8.2%7.2%9.2%
Female45-54 years6.9%5.8%8.0%
Female55-64 years6.2%5.1%7.3%
Female65-74 years5.5%4.4%6.6%
Female75+ years10.9%9.0%12.8%

Data Notes

The ACS data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year Table B17001 estimates.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census
  • American Community Survey


Percentage of Persons Living in Poverty by County, Utah, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data for this graph are based on the 2017 Model-based Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) for School Districts, Counties, and States.
CountyPercentage of PersonsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 31
Beaver9.2%7.0%11.4%
Box Elder7.9%6.3%9.5%
Cache15.0%13.5%16.5%
Carbon15.3%12.2%18.4%
Daggett6.7%5.0%8.4%
Davis5.4%4.4%6.4%
Duchesne13.3%10.8%15.8%
Emery13.2%10.7%15.7%
Garfield9.9%7.6%12.2%
Grand10.8%8.0%13.6%
Iron15.6%12.8%18.4%
Juab10.2%8.1%12.3%
Kane10.9%8.6%13.2%
Millard12.4%9.8%15.0%
Morgan4.1%3.1%5.1%
Piute16.7%12.6%20.8%
Rich9.2%7.0%11.4%
Salt Lake9.2%8.5%9.9%
San Juan25.9%21.3%30.5%
Sanpete14.2%11.1%17.3%
Sevier12.4%9.9%14.9%
Summit4.9%3.8%6.0%
Tooele6.8%5.3%8.3%
Uintah12.7%10.1%15.3%
Utah10.5%9.6%11.4%
Wasatch5.2%4.0%6.4%
Washington11.2%9.5%12.9%
Wayne13.7%10.5%16.9%
Weber10.8%9.4%12.2%
State9.7%9.3%10.1%
U.S.13.4%13.3%13.5%

Data Notes

For information on how SAIPE estimates are created, please see: [https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/saipe/technical-documentation/methodology.html].

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates, Model-based Estimates for States, Counties, & School Districts


Persons Living in Poverty by Local Health District, Utah, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictPercentage of PersonsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 15
Bear River12.8%11.7%13.9%
Central12.8%11.4%14.2%
Davis County5.4%4.4%6.4%
Salt Lake County9.2%8.5%9.9%
San Juan25.9%21.3%30.5%
Southeast13.7%11.9%15.5%
Southwest12.1%10.7%13.5%
Summit4.9%3.8%6.0%
Tooele6.8%5.3%8.3%
TriCounty12.8%10.9%14.7%
Utah County10.5%9.6%11.4%
Wasatch5.2%4.0%6.4%
Weber-Morgan10.5%9.1%11.9%
State of Utah9.7%9.3%10.1%
U.S.13.4%13.3%13.5%

Data Notes

Data for this graph are based on the 2017 Model-based Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) for School Districts, Counties, and States. The poverty threshold for a family of four including two children was $24,858 in 2017. ([https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/historical-poverty-thresholds.html])

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates, Model-based Estimates for States, Counties, & School Districts


Percentage of Persons Living in Poverty by Utah Small Area, 2013-2017 ACS 5-year estimate

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasPercentage of PersonsLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 104
Brigham City9.7%7.8%11.6%
Box Elder Co (Other) V28.7%6.3%11.1%
Tremonton11.8%8.0%15.6%
Logan V219.3%16.9%21.7%
North Logan19.3%16.9%21.7%
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V27.9%6.1%9.7%
Hyrum12.8%8.6%17.0%
Smithfield6.0%3.9%8.1%
Ben Lomond12.2%10.6%13.8%
Weber County (East)5.0%3.5%6.5%
Morgan County2.4%1.2%3.6%*
Ogden (Downtown)20.8%18.5%23.1%
South Ogden15.5%13.2%17.8%
Roy/Hooper9.2%7.2%11.2%
Riverdale8.8%6.3%11.3%
Clearfield Area/Hooper7.9%6.8%9.0%
Layton/South Weber7.5%6.0%9.0%
Kaysville/Fruit Heights4.7%2.7%6.7%
Syracuse3.7%2.0%5.4%
Centerville4.7%2.9%6.5%
Farmington2.8%1.6%4.0%
North Salt Lake6.7%3.7%9.7%
Woods Cross/West Bountiful4.7%2.5%6.9%
Bountiful7.6%6.1%9.1%
SLC (Rose Park)22.0%18.5%25.5%
SLC (Avenues)11.7%9.5%13.9%
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)8.3%6.1%10.5%
Magna11.5%9.4%13.6%
SLC (Glendale) V225.8%21.4%30.2%
West Valley (Center)14.2%11.6%16.8%
West Valley (West) V29.9%6.3%13.5%
West Valley (East) V217.4%15.0%19.8%
SLC (Downtown) V226.3%24.1%28.5%
SLC (Southeast Liberty)10.0%8.5%11.5%
South Salt Lake23.7%19.1%28.3%
SLC (Sugar House)10.8%8.9%12.7%
Millcreek (South)7.0%5.5%8.5%
Millcreek (East)6.6%4.7%8.5%
Holladay V25.4%3.8%7.0%
Cottonwood6.7%4.9%8.5%
Kearns V29.9%8.3%11.5%
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)12.4%10.0%14.8%
Taylorsville (West)****
Murray12.5%10.4%14.6%
Midvale16.8%14.3%19.3%
West Jordan (Northeast) V28.8%6.3%11.3%
West Jordan (Southeast)7.1%5.8%8.4%
West Jordan (W)/Copperton7.8%6.0%9.6%
South Jordan V22.9%2.1%3.7%
Daybreak****
Sandy (West)8.6%6.4%10.8%
Sandy (Center) V24.9%3.4%6.4%
Sandy (Northeast)3.0%1.9%4.1%
Sandy (Southeast)5.5%3.6%7.4%
Draper5.3%3.5%7.1%
Riverton/Bluffdale3.6%2.3%4.9%
Herriman3.6%1.9%5.3%
Tooele County (Other)10.3%7.7%12.9%
Tooele Valley6.0%4.7%7.3%
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley7.8%5.7%9.9%
Lehi5.6%3.9%7.3%
Saratoga Springs1.9%0.9%2.9%
American Fork7.1%5.7%8.5%
Alpine5.3%2.6%8.0%
Pleasant Grove/Lindon10.0%8.5%11.5%
Orem (North)16.4%14.0%18.8%
Orem (West)15.8%13.5%18.1%
Orem (East)9.9%7.8%12.0%
Provo/BYU21.1%19.1%23.1%
Provo (West City Center)17.5%14.8%20.2%
Provo (East City Center)38.4%35.7%41.1%
Salem City6.9%3.9%9.9%
Spanish Fork6.9%5.4%8.4%
Springville6.9%5.3%8.5%
Mapleton3.9%2.0%5.8%
Utah County (South) V29.4%6.7%12.1%
Payson9.0%7.1%10.9%
Park City7.7%5.8%9.6%
Summit County (East)7.4%4.4%10.4%
Wasatch County7.8%5.8%9.8%*
Daggett and Uintah County11.5%9.3%13.7%
Duchesne County12.7%10.9%16.4%*
Nephi/Mona13.0%10.0%16.0%
Delta/Fillmore12.8%9.1%16.5%
Sanpete Valley18.2%15.2%21.2%
Central (Other)11.1%9.3%12.9%
Richfield/Monroe/Salina14.4%11.5%17.3%
Carbon County16.2%13.6%18.8%*
Emery County12.9%9.9%15.9%*
Grand County12.7%9.9%15.5%*
Blanding/Monticello17.3%13.9%20.7%
San Juan County (Other)40.2%34.3%46.1%
St. George15.0%13.1%16.9%
Washington Co (Other) V216.9%9.0%24.8%
Washington City14.4%9.8%19.0%
Hurricane/La Verkin12.9%9.4%16.4%
Ivins/Santa Clara9.2%6.4%12.0%
Cedar City22.5%19.7%25.3%
Southwest LHD (Other)10.2%7.0%13.4%
State of Utah11.0%10.8%11.2%
U.S.14.6%14.5%14.7%

Data Notes

Confidence intervals are 90%. *Small areas that are also counties use the ACS county estimate. **The ACS uses 5-digit ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) based on boundaries from the 2010 Census. Some Small Areas consist of ZIP Codes that were introduced after 2010; therefore, data are not available for these Small Areas from the ACS. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html].

Data Sources

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census
  • American Community Survey


Percentage of Persons Living in Poverty by Race, Utah, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data from the 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, Table S1701
RacePercentage of PersonsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 8
American Indian/Native Alaskan24.6%18.6%30.6%
Asian12.3%9.1%15.5%
Black18.4%11.5%25.3%
Pacific Islander12.3%7.0%17.6%
White8.7%8.2%9.2%
Two or More Races11.1%8.7%13.5%
All Races9.7%9.3%10.1%
U.S.13.4%13.3%13.5%

Data Notes

Persons in race categories are only those who selected a single race. The ACS data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census
  • American Community Survey


Percentage of Persons Living in Poverty by Ethnicity, Utah, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data from the 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates Table S1701.
EthnicityPercentage of PersonsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 4
Hispanic or Latino16.7%14.8%18.6%
White, Non-Hispanic8.1%7.6%8.6%
All Utahns9.7%9.3%10.1%
U.S.13.4%13.3%13.5%

Data Notes

Hispanic persons may be of any race. The ACS data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census
  • American Community Survey

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 01/10/2019, Published on 01/28/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 13 December 2019 14:48:38 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Thu, 20 Jun 2019 13:03:27 MDT