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Complete Health Indicator Report of Melanoma of the Skin Incidence

Definition

The rate of melanoma incidence in Utah per 100,000 population (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43).

Numerator

The number of melanoma incidents among Utahns for a specific time period (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43).

Denominator

The total population of Utah for a specific time period.

Why Is This Important?

According to the American Cancer Society, melanoma is much less common than other skin cancers such as basal cell and squamous cell, but it is far more dangerous. Risk factors that can be controlled are exposure to sunlight and UV radiation during work and play. A history of sunburns early in life increases one's risk for melanoma. Risk for melanoma also increases with the severity of the sunburn or blisters. Lifetime sun exposure, even if sunburn does not occur, is another risk factor for melanoma. Another modifiable risk factor is location. People who live of certain areas in the U.S. experience higher rates of melanoma. These are areas with a high elevation, warmer climate, and where sunlight can be reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice. Risk for melanoma is greatly increased by tanning, both outside with oils and by using sunlamps and tanning booths. Even people who tan well without burning are at risk for melanoma. Tan skin is evidence of skin damaged by UV radiation. Health care providers strongly encourage people, especially young people, to avoid tanning beds, booths, and sunlamps. The risk of melanoma is greatly increased by using these artificial sources of UV radiation before age 30.

How Are We Doing?

Utah's age-adjusted rate for melanoma incidence has been rising steadily from 20.5 cases per 100,000 persons in 2000 to 38.9 cases per 100,000 persons in 2017. Among local health districts for data years2015-2017, the highest age-adjusted melanoma of the skin incidence rates were found in Summit County LHD (66.7 cases per 100,000 persons) and Davis County LHD (51 cases per 100,000 persons). Melanoma incidence rates in these LHDs were significantly higher than the state rate of 40.5 cases per 100,000 persons. San Juan LHD reported the lowest age-adjusted melanoma incidence rate of 14.6 cases per 100,000 persons during the same time frame. For more specific geographical information related to melanoma cancer incidence, see the Utah Small Areas data view. Incidence of melanoma increases significantly with age. From 2015-2017, 15-44 years olds had a combined melanoma incidence rate of 16.3 cases per 100,000 persons, while 45-64 year olds had a combined melanoma incidence rate of 65.3 cases per 100,000 persons and individuals older than 65 years of age had a combined melanoma incidence rate of 145.2 cases per 100,000 persons. Males also had significantly higher rates of melanoma diagnosis (49 cases per 100,000 males, age-adjusted) than females (33.6 cases per 100,000 women, age-adjusted). This was true across almost all age categories within the same data time period.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah has consistently ranked as the highest state nationally in terms of melanoma incidence (and resulting mortality). In 2016 (the latest national data available), the age-adjusted melanoma incidence rate in the US was 22.2 cases per 100,000 persons, compared to almost double the rate in Utah 41.6 cases per 100,000 persons.

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, melanoma cancer prevention, and cancer survivorship advocacy.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Year, Utah and U.S., 2000-2017

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confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 36
Utah200020.518.422.8
Utah200121.619.523.9
Utah200220.918.923.2
Utah200323.821.626.1
Utah200426.023.728.4
Utah200528.526.231.0
Utah200630.428.133.0
Utah200730.027.732.6
Utah200830.227.932.7
Utah200930.828.533.2
Utah201033.631.336.2
Utah201134.832.437.3
Utah201235.733.338.3
Utah201337.935.540.5
Utah201442.840.245.5
Utah201541.138.643.6
Utah201641.639.144.1
Utah201738.936.541.3
U.S.199915.215.015.3
U.S.200016.116.016.3
U.S.200117.016.917.2
U.S.200217.417.317.6
U.S.200317.217.017.3
U.S.200418.218.018.4
U.S.200519.419.319.6
U.S.200619.219.119.4
U.S.200719.619.519.8
U.S.200819.919.820.1
U.S.200920.320.220.5
U.S.201020.019.820.2
U.S.201120.620.420.8
U.S.201220.620.520.8
U.S.201321.221.121.4
U.S.201422.021.922.2
U.S.201522.622.422.8
U.S.201622.222.122.4

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.   [[br]] ^ ^Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. population.[[br]]^ ^*U.S. Data available through 2016

Data Sources

  • Cancer data provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, supported by the National Cancer Institute (HHSN261201800016I), the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NU58DP0063200), the University of Utah, and Huntsman Cancer Foundation
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017
  • U.S. Cancer Statistics: WONDER Online Database. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute. Accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cancer.html]


Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Local Health District, Utah, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 14
Bear River45.138.952.1
Central27.220.834.8
Davis County51.046.256.1
Salt Lake County39.136.941.5
San Juan14.65.730.7
Southeast26.117.936.7
Southwest42.237.547.2
Summit66.752.983.0
Tooele42.932.955.0
TriCounty36.127.047.3
Utah County33.730.437.2
Wasatch42.929.061.1
Weber-Morgan44.039.349.2
State of Utah40.539.141.9

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.   [[br]] Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. population. [[br]] *Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf].[[br]] Prior to 2015 San Juan County was part of the Southeast Local Health District. In 2015 the San Juan County Local Health District was formed. Data reported are for all years using the current boundaries.

Data Sources

  • Cancer data provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, supported by the National Cancer Institute (HHSN261201800016I), the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NU58DP0063200), the University of Utah, and Huntsman Cancer Foundation
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017


Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Utah Small Area, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 100
Brigham City41.727.860.1
Box Elder Co (Other) V246.326.076.1
Tremonton36.820.561.1
Logan V257.043.373.6
North Logan41.624.665.7
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V254.137.076.3
Hyrum82.542.1145.4
Smithfield25.610.751.3
Ben Lomond45.936.057.7
Weber County (East)47.235.162.2
Morgan County48.726.881.4
Ogden (Downtown)25.215.838.0
South Ogden50.638.066.0
Roy/Hooper48.436.962.5
Riverdale36.624.552.5
Clearfield Area/Hooper43.532.557.0
Layton/South Weber42.033.651.9
Kaysville/Fruit Heights56.541.974.5
Syracuse70.246.7101.3
Centerville53.134.478.4
Farmington79.955.4111.5
North Salt Lake41.323.667.1
Woods Cross/West Bountiful56.934.588.3
Bountiful55.344.068.6
SLC (Rose Park)23.314.036.6
SLC (Avenues)59.142.380.4
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)41.027.259.4
Magna19.210.133.0
SLC (Glendale) V214.56.627.8
West Valley (Center)23.115.333.4
West Valley (West) V226.814.445.3
West Valley (East) V220.813.031.5
SLC (Downtown) V233.122.547.0
SLC (Southeast Liberty)31.619.448.6
South Salt Lake30.919.646.3
SLC (Sugar House)41.229.855.5
Millcreek (South)59.343.379.4
Millcreek (East)47.433.764.8
Holladay V247.434.463.6
Cottonwood49.639.062.3
Kearns V220.211.034.0
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)31.621.444.8
Taylorsville (West)29.319.941.8
Murray49.837.165.5
Midvale46.933.164.5
West Jordan (Northeast) V238.225.555.2
West Jordan (Southeast)32.520.648.7
West Jordan (W)/Copperton43.327.365.3
South Jordan V245.134.258.4
Daybreak58.932.198.9
Sandy (West)36.424.052.8
Sandy (Center) V231.620.846.0
Sandy (Northeast)53.038.072.1
Sandy (Southeast)47.233.764.2
Draper57.543.075.3
Riverton/Bluffdale49.936.367.0
Herriman39.422.663.8
Tooele County (Other)48.227.877.6
Tooele Valley40.629.554.5
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley30.412.661.6
Lehi41.429.356.7
Saratoga Springs62.032.0108.3
American Fork48.435.864.1
Alpine39.619.571.5
Pleasant Grove/Lindon42.831.656.6
Orem (North)31.820.447.1
Orem (West)30.018.845.5
Orem (East)36.223.054.3
Provo/BYU32.621.347.8
Provo (West City Center)26.714.146.0
Provo (East City Center)35.016.665.0
Salem City4.80.126.8
Spanish Fork27.316.842.1
Springville29.418.045.4
Mapleton44.221.879.7
Utah County (South) V225.98.859.0
Payson24.813.741.1
Park City75.457.097.9
Summit County (East)47.127.675.2
Wasatch County43.129.361.2
Daggett and Uintah County30.820.544.6
Duchesne County44.428.466.2
Nephi/Mona15.64.240.1
Delta/Fillmore32.114.362.0
Sanpete Valley22.011.638.1
Central (Other)40.226.358.6
Richfield/Monroe/Salina21.810.739.4
Carbon County21.711.437.3
Emery County31.214.558.6
Grand County33.216.659.4
Blanding/Monticello21.06.650.2
San Juan County (Other)8.11.029.4
St. George49.541.458.8
Washington Co (Other) V230.416.152.2
Washington City50.134.770.0
Hurricane/La Verkin38.024.855.7
Ivins/Santa Clara47.629.572.8
Cedar City37.726.552.0
Southwest LHD (Other)39.627.555.2
State of Utah41.039.542.4

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.   [[br]]Age adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Cancer data provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, supported by the National Cancer Institute (HHSN261201800016I), the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NU58DP0063200), the University of Utah, and Huntsman Cancer Foundation
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2017


Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Age and Sex, Utah, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Crude/Population Estimates*100,000 = Value Note: Melanoma incidence rates for persons age 0-14 not included.
Males vs. FemalesAge GroupIncidence per 100,000Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 9
Male<4512.911.414.5
Male45-6470.264.875.9
Male65+213.1199.8227.1
Female<4519.918.021.9
Female45-6460.555.565.8
Female65+86.678.795.0
Total<4516.315.117.6
Total45-6465.361.669.2
Total65+145.2137.7153.1

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.

Data Sources

  • Cancer data provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, supported by the National Cancer Institute (HHSN261201800016I), the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NU58DP0063200), the University of Utah, and Huntsman Cancer Foundation
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017

References and Community Resources

American Cancer Society: [http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/SkinCancer-Melanoma/index][[br]] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: [http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/][[br]] Huntsman Cancer Institute: [http://www.huntsmancancer.org][[br]] National Cancer Institute: [http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/melanoma][[br]] Utah Community Cancer Resource Guide: [http://cancerutah.org/pdfs/CRG09.pdf][[br]] Utah Cancer Control Program: [http://www.cancerutah.org][[br]] Utah Cancer Action Network: [http://www.ucan.cc]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 02/26/2020, Published on 03/12/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 06 May 2021 7:11:38 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 12 Mar 2021 13:26:24 MST