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Complete Health Indicator Report of HIV Infections

Definition

Number of people diagnosed with HIV and living with HIV in Utah.

Numerator

For views regarding new cases - the number of new HIV diagnoses in a given year. For views regarding persons living with HIV in Utah - the number of persons with diagnosed HIV infection who are known to be living in Utah during a particular time-frame.

Denominator

Number of people living in Utah

Data Interpretation Issues

Beginning in 2020, persons who have not had a reported laboratory result or address change for at least 5 years are no longer considered to be living in Utah. This change is retroactive and lowers the estimate of persons living with HIV in Utah by several hundred. The estimate of persons living with HIV in Utah does not include undiagnosed cases. Additionally, it is only an approximation since it does not include persons who have moved out of Utah or who have died where this information has not been reported.

Why Is This Important?

HIV is a blood-borne virus. Transmission occurs primarily through sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles for the injection of drugs, or before, during, or after the birth of children to HIV-infected mothers. The Bureau of Epidemiology has the responsibility of investigating cases of HIV in order to monitor trends in the disease and, whenever possible, to interrupt the transmission of HIV. This is done by collecting pertinent demographic information on reported HIV-positive individuals and by conducting follow-up on newly diagnosed individuals and their partners. No treatment is available to cure HIV, although antiretroviral treatments are available to extend survival among those who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Healthy People Objective HIV-2:

Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults
U.S. Target: 36,450 people

Other Objectives

Utah's 42 Community Health Indicators Related to the following Health People 2020 Objectives: *HIV-2: Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 36,450 people *HIV-3: Reduce the rate of HIV transmission among adolescents and adults [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 3.5 new infections per 100 persons living with HIV *HIV-9: Reduce the proportion of persons with a diagnosis of Stage 3 HIV (AIDS) within 3 months of diagnosis of HIV infection [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 20.8 percent *HIV-12: Reduce deaths from HIV infection [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 3.3 deaths per 100,000 population *HIV-13: Increase the proportion of persons living with HIV who know their serostatus [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent *HIV-14.1: Increase the proportion of adolescents and adults who have ever been tested for HIV [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 73.6 percent *HIV-14.2: Increase the proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM) who report having been tested for HIV in the past 12 months [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 68.4 percent

How Are We Doing?

As of December 31, 2018, a total of 2,620 individuals diagnosed with HIV (regardless of AIDS diagnosis) were known to be living in Utah. AIDS-related deaths have been decreasing, primarily because of improved efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapies. This trend has led to an increased number of people living with HIV infections in Utah, thus impacting healthcare systems and increasing the need for HIV Treatment and Care programs. Of those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah as of December 31, 2018, the majority (28%) are between 50-59 years of age. Those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah aged 40-49 years make up an additional 25%. Persons aged 60 years and above account for 15% whereas children and adolescents (aged 0-19) account for only 2%. Of the total 3,082 individuals living with HIV, 2,056 (85%) are male, and 355 (15%) are female. Male-to-male sexual contact (MSM) is the most common means of HIV exposure (68%) reported among men of all races followed by persons practicing both male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug-use (MSM+IDU) at 15%. The racial breakdown of men living with HIV shows 68% are White (non-Hispanic), 21% are Hispanic, 6% are Black, 2% are Asian, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 3% are of multiple races or unknown. High-risk heterosexual contact is the most common means of HIV exposure (47%) reported among women followed by injection drug use (IDU) at 18%. The racial breakdown of women living with HIV shows that 43% are White (non-Hispanic), 30% are Black, 19% are Hispanic, 5% are Asian, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 3% are of multiple races or unknown.

What Is Being Done?

Community-based prevention efforts include: * HIV testing as a part of routine medical care * Targeting high-risk populations to get tested * Encouraging safer sexual practices * Encouraging drug users to get treatment and increase harm reduction practices * Encouraging pregnant women or women considering pregnancy to be tested for HIV

Available Services

Bureau of Epidemiology: HIV & STD Prevention & Surveillance Program - counseling and testing, drug assistance, health insurance, and supportive services 288 North 1460 West, SLC, UT 84114-2104[[br]] Phone: (801) 538-6191[[br]] Fax: (801) 538-9913[[br]] [https://ptc.health.utah.gov]


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

The majority of HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah as of December 31, 2018 are male and between 50-59 years of age. Male-to-male sexual contact (MSM) is the most common means of HIV exposure among males, while heterosexual contact is the most common means of exposure among females. When looking at race/ethnicity of the HIV-positive population in Utah, the male population is predominately White non-Hispanic (68%), followed by Hispanic (21%) and Black (6%). The female HIV-positive population in Utah is more diverse, with 43% White non-Hispanic, 30% Black, and 19% Hispanic.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

AIDS-related deaths have been decreasing, primarily because of improved efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapies. This trend has led to an increased number of people living with HIV disease in Utah, thus impacting the health care systems and increasing the need for HIV/AIDS Prevention and HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care programs.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

HIV/AIDS New Diagnoses by Year, Utah, 2010-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

This chart displays the number of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000 residents in Utah compared to the United States for the years 2010-2019. Note that national data for the year 2019 is not yet available.
Utah vs. U.S.YearCases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 19
Utah20103.12.53.9872,775,332
Utah20113.83.24.61082,814,384
Utah20124.23.55.11212,853,375
Utah20133.83.24.61112,897,640
Utah20143.93.34.71162,936,879
Utah20154.23.55.01242,981,835
Utah20164.63.85.41393,041,868
Utah20173.73.14.41153,101,042
Utah20183.93.24.61223,153,550
Utah20194.23.55.01343,205,958
U.S.201014.3
U.S.201113.5
U.S.201213.1
U.S.201312.5
U.S.201412.6
U.S.201512.5
U.S.201612.3
U.S.201711.8
U.S.201811.5

Data Sources

  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology
  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Number of People Living With HIV/AIDS by Local Health District, Utah, 2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

People living with HIV in Utah in 2018 primarily lived along the Wasatch Front (Weber, Davis, Salt Lake, and Utah counties). All local health districts continue to be affected by the epidemic.
Local Health DistrictNumber of Cases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 14
Bear River45.736.556.6
Central42.129.258.9
Davis County61.053.169.7
Salt Lake County181.2173.5189.1
San Juan**
Southeast60.138.589.4
Southwest61.652.172.3
Summit66.844.496.6
Tooele51.436.071.2
TriCounty32.018.950.5
Utah County35.931.340.9
Wasatch36.318.863.4
Weber-Morgan65.055.775.4
State of Utah83.179.986.3

Data Notes

** Data from San Juan has been suppressed due to small numbers.

Data Sources

  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology
  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


People Living With HIV Infection by Sex and Age Group, Utah, Through December 31, 2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupNumber of Cases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
Male0-128.15.411.728344,775
Male13-195.02.39.59180,532
Male20-2967.457.878.1175259,803
Male30-39187.1169.7205.8425227,146
Male40-49257.5235.3281.3492191,055
Male50-59395.7364.7428.7600151,624
Male60+140.2125.4156.2327233,305
Female0-122.51.14.88326,321
Female13-194.01.68.37173,176
Female20-296.94.011.117246,085
Female30-3934.327.043.076221,382
Female40-4962.952.075.4116184,468
Female50-5955.544.368.685153,167
Female60+17.612.923.546260,711

Data Sources

  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology
  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018


Rate of Persons Living with Diagnosed HIV per 100,000 by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, Utah, 2018

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesRace/EthnicityNumber of Cases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 14
MaleAmerican Indian/Native Alaskan172.2129.7224.1
MaleAsian117.485.0158.2
MaleBlack644.1540.0762.4
MaleHispanic201.9184.0221.2
MalePacific Islander**
MaleWhite121.8115.7128.1
MaleOther174.0132.1224.9
FemaleAmerican Indian/Native Alaskan**
FemaleAsian45.727.567.6
FemaleBlack760.0628.6910.9
FemaleHispanic33.326.141.9
FemalePacific Islander**
FemaleWhite13.911.816.1
FemaleOther24.810.748.8

Data Notes

Persons identified as being of Hispanic ethnicity, regardless of race, are included in the Hispanic category only; all other races are reported as non-Hispanic. ** This data has been suppressed due to small numbers.

Data Sources

  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology
  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018

References and Community Resources

Bureau of Epidemiology - HIV/AIDS[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/epi/diseases/hivaids/][[br]] [[br]] National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/][[br]] [[br]] AIDSinfo - Information on AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Research[[br]] [http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov][[br]] [[br]] Find HIV Testing Locations Near You[[br]] [https://gettested.cdc.gov/][[br]] [[br]] amfAR - The Foundation for AIDS Research[[br]] [http://www.amfar.org][[br]] [[br]] The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource - TheBody.com[[br]] [http://www.thebody.com][[br]] [[br]] Planned Parenthood[[br]] [http://www.plannedparenthood.org][[br]] [[br]] Utah AIDS Foundation[[br]] [http://www.utahaids.org]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/20/2020, Published on 12/23/2020
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 06 May 2021 7:40:54 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Wed, 23 Dec 2020 00:25:06 MST