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Complete Health Indicator Report of Carbon Monoxide Deaths

Definition

Rate of unintentional deaths attributed to carbon monoxide (CO) as a primary cause of death (ICD-09: 986, E868.2, .3, .8, .9, E982.0, .1; ICD-10: T58). Records identified as purposeful intent are excluded (ICD-09: E950.*-E979.*, E990.*-E999.*; ICD-10: X60-Y09, Y35, Y36) Additional codes used to determine fire-relatedness: *Fire-related (ICD-09: E980.*-E8999.*; ICD-10: X00-X09) *Non fire-related (ICD-09: E818.*, E825.*, E838.*, E844.*, E867. E868, E869.9; ICD-10: X47) *Unknown (E982.0, .1 or records not previously assigned as fire, non-fire, or both)

Numerator

Utah resident deaths due to CO poisoning.

Denominator

Annual statewide Utah population.

Data Interpretation Issues

This indicator includes only data from carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning that resulted in death. This does not include those who were hospitalized or went to the emergency department, those who were treated at the scene, or those who did not seek medical care.

Why Is This Important?

Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless, and poisonous gas that can cause sudden illness and death if inhaled. CO poisoning can happen quickly and without warning. This cause of death is almost entirely preventable if proper measures are taken, such as always having a working carbon monoxide detector in your home or work. CO is found in combustion fumes such as those produced by cars and trucks, small gasoline engines, stoves, lanterns, burning charcoal and wood, gas ranges, and heating systems. Wherever there is a flame or combustion, deadly carbon monoxide gas can be produced. CO from these sources can build up in enclosed or semi-enclosed spaces making the air poisonous for people and animals. CO poisoning is especially of concern after emergency situations such as power outages or natural disasters because of emergency equipment used that give off CO. Generators, grills, camp stoves, gasoline equipment, propane, natural gas, or charcoal-burning devices should never be used inside a home, basement, garage, camper, or even outside near an open window. CO poisoning can also occur outdoors and has been reported while boating. In this case, CO poisoning is attributed mostly to generator exhaust that builds up inside and outside a boat in areas near exhaust vents. Dangerous concentrations of CO can accumulate within seconds; due to the possibility of rapid CO accumulation while boating, it is recommended that all boat owners schedule regular engine and exhaust system maintenance for their boats and install and test daily a battery operated CO detector. CO poisoning is almost entirely preventable. To protect yourself from CO poisoning, use equipment that emits CO responsibly and install a properly working CO detector in your home. These can be purchased at most grocery and home improvement stores for a relatively low cost. Additionally, it is crucial to check and maintain your CO detector including, but not limited to, changing batteries and checking its power source.

Healthy People Objective EH-22.7:

Increase the number of States, Territories, Tribes, and the District of Columbia that monitor diseases or conditions that can be caused by exposure to environmental hazards: Carbon monoxide poisoning
U.S. Target: 56 States, Territories, and the District of Columbia

What Is Being Done?

Organizations, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), offer free resources that provide information about CO poisoning and prevention. Also, health promotion and community outreach activities are available to educate the public about CO poisoning and prevention. However, it is primarily up to the individual to practice behaviors that prevent CO poisoning such as installing working CO detectors and using equipment that emits CO gas properly.

Available Services

The [https://poisoncontrol.utah.edu/ Utah Poison Control Center] (UPCC) is a 24-hour resource for poison information, clinical toxicology consultation, and poison prevention education. This free and confidential service is available 365 days a year. For poison emergencies, questions, and prevention information call '''1-800-222-1222'''.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Unintentional Deaths from Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Crude Rate per 100,000 Population, by 2-Year Group, Utah, 2000-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

YearCrude Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 9
2000 to 20010.30.10.4
2002 to 20030.30.20.5
2004 to 20050.50.30.7
2006 to 20070.40.30.6
2008 to 20090.20.10.3*
2010 to 20110.10.00.2*
2012 to 20130.20.10.3
2014 to 20150.20.10.4
2016 to 20170.10.00.2*

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards.

Data Sources

  • Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Unintentional: Death Counts by Year, Utah, 2000-2017

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearNumber of Unintentional DeathsNote
Record Count: 54
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2000****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2001****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20024*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2003****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2004****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related200511*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20064*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20075*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2008****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2009****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2010****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2011****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2012****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2013****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2014****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2015****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2000****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2001****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2002****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20034*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2004****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20054*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20064*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20075*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2008****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20097*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2010****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2011****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20125*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2013****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related201411*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2015****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2000****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2001****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2002****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2003****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2004****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2005****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2006****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2007****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2008****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2009****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2010****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2011****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2012****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2013****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2014****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2015****
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related2016****
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related2017****
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related2016****
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related2017****
ICD-10 Unknown Intent2016****
ICD-10 Unknown Intent2017****

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Sources

  • Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Unintentional: Crude Rates by Year, Utah, 2000-2017

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearCrude Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 54
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2000****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2001****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20020.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2003****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2004****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20050.40.40.4*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20060.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20070.20.20.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2008****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2009****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2010****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2011****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2012****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2013****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2014****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2015****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2000****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2001****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2002****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20030.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2004****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20050.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20060.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20070.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2008****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20090.30.30.3*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2010****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2011****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20120.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2013****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20140.40.40.4*
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2015****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2000****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2001****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2002****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2003****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2004****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2005****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2006****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2007****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2008****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2009****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2010****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2011****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2012****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2013****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2014****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2015****
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related2016****
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related2017****
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related2016****
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related2017****
ICD-10 Unknown Intent2016****
ICD-10 Unknown Intent2017****

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, The estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Sources

  • Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Unintentional: Age-adjusted Rates by Year, Utah, 2000-2017

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000Lower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 54
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2000****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2001****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20020.20.20.2*
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2003****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2004****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20050.50.50.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20060.20.20.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20070.20.20.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2008****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2009****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2010****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2011****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2012****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2013****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2014****
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related2015****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2000****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2001****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2002****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20030.20.20.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2004****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20050.20.20.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20060.10.10.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20070.20.20.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2008****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20090.30.30.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2010****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2011****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20120.20.20.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2013****
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20140.50.50.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2015****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2000****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2001****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2002****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2003****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2004****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2005****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2006****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2007****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2008****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2009****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2010****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2011****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2012****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2013****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2014****
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2015****
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related2016****
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related2017****
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related2016****
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related2017****
ICD-10 Unknown Intent2016****
ICD-10 Unknown Intent2017****

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication. Age-adjusted rates are standardized to the U.S. standard 2000 population.

Data Sources

  • Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017

References and Community Resources

Utah Environmental Epidemiology Program - Carbon Monoxide[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/utahair/pollutants/CO/][[br]] [[br]] Utah Division of Air Quality - Air Pollutants: Carbon Monoxide[[br]] [https://deq.utah.gov/air-quality/carbon-monoxide][[br]] [[br]] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Carbon Monoxide Poisoning[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/co/default.htm][[br]] [[br]] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality (IAQ): Carbon Monoxide (CO)[[br]] [http://www.epa.gov/iaq/co.html]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 08/08/2019, Published on 08/16/2019
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 24 August 2019 16:52:06 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 16 Aug 2019 10:55:43 MDT