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Complete Health Indicator Report of Adolescent Births

Definition

The adolescent birth rate is reported as the number of live births per 1,000 adolescent females aged 15-19.

Numerator

The number of live births to adolescent mothers aged 15-19.

Denominator

The number of adolescent females in the population.

Data Interpretation Issues

The adolescent birth rate does not include abortions or miscarriages, and is an underestimate of the adolescent pregnancy rate.

Why Is This Important?

Research indicates that bearing a child during adolescence is associated with long-term difficulties for the mother, her child, and society. These consequences are often attributable to poverty and other adverse socioeconomic circumstances that frequently accompany early childbearing. Compared to babies born to older mothers, babies born to adolescent mothers, particularly young adolescent mothers, are at higher risk of low birth weight and infant mortality. These babies are more likely to grow up in homes that offer lower levels of emotional support and cognitive stimulation, and they are less likely to earn a high school diploma. For mothers, giving birth during adolescence is associated with limited educational attainment, which in turn can reduce future employment prospects and earning potential.

Other Objectives

Utah's 42 Community Health Indicators[[br]] Similar to HP2020 Objective FP-8: Reduce PREGNANCIES among adolescent females.

How Are We Doing?

The teen birth rates per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in Utah, for the past five years were: 2016: 15.7[[br]] 2017: 15.1[[br]] 2018: 13.1[[br]] 2019: 12.0[[br]] 2020: 10.7 According to the 2018 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring Survey (PRAMS) data, 43% of Utah teen mothers (age 15-19) reported their pregnancies as mistimed or unwanted. Another 22% reported that they were unsure whether or not they wanted to be pregnant.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The adolescent birth rate in Utah has been lower than the U.S. overall rate over the past decade but is higher than in several other states. Utah and U.S. adolescent birth rates per 1,000 females aged 15-19 for the past five years were: 2016: Utah 15.7/U.S. 20.3[[br]] 2017: Utah 15.1/U.S. 18.8[[br]] 2018: Utah 13.1/U.S. 17.4[[br]] 2019: Utah 12.0/U.S. 16.7[[br]] 2020: Utah 10.7/U.S. 15.4

What Is Being Done?

__Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs:__ The Utah Department of Health receives federal funding from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Family & Youth Services Bureau to provide two programs addressing teen pregnancy prevention in Utah. The first program is Sexual Risk Avoidance Education (SRAE). Funds for this program must be used to implement evidence-based programs that teach participants to voluntarily refrain from sexual activity; normalize the optimal health behavior of avoiding non-marital sexual activity; and address the social, psychological, and health gains to be realized by refraining from sexual activity and engaging in healthy relationships. SRAE targets youth ages 10-19 and/or their parents, with a specific focus on youth in the Utah juvenile justice and foster care systems; youth of Hispanic, Black/African American, Pacific Islander, or American Indian origin; and youth residing in rural areas or other disadvantaged geographical areas with teen birth rates higher than the Utah average. The second program is the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP). These funds must be used for evidence-based interventions designed to educate adolescents on both abstinence and contraception to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS, and at least three adulthood preparation subjects (healthy relationships, education and career success, healthy life skills, adolescent development, financial literacy, and parent-child communication). The target population for PREP in Utah is youth ages 14-19, and their parents, with a specific focus on youth in the Utah Juvenile Justice and foster care systems; pregnant and parenting teens; youth of Hispanic, Black/African American, Pacific Islander, or American Indian origin; and youth residing in rural areas or other disadvantaged geographical areas with teen birth rates higher than the Utah average. The Utah Department of Health (UDOH) sub-contracts these federal funds to local health departments, community agencies, and tribal entities or governments. For more information or questions regarding the two programs mentioned above, contact Elizabeth Gerke at 801-273-2870 or egerke@utah.gov.

Evidence-based Practices

The Utah teen pregnancy prevention programs utilize the following evidence-based interventions: *All4You[[br]] *Choosing the Best[[br]] *Families Talking Together[[br]] *Get Real[[br]] *Making A Difference[[br]] *Making Proud Choices[[br]] *Teen Outreach Program (TOP) *Making Proud Choices[[br]] *Teen Outreach Program (TOP)

Available Services

Youth development programs, resources for health teachers, and/or classes for youth and parents are available in local areas across the state. For more information, contact Elizabeth Gerke at egerke@utah.gov or 801-273-2870.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Experiencing birth during adolescence can increase a teen's risk of acquiring a sexually-transmitted infection as well as seriously hinder future financial stability due to limited educational attainment.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Race, Utah, 2020

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confidence limits

RaceRate per 1,000 Adolescent FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
American Indian/Native Alaskan17.212.023.9352,033
Asian2.51.05.272,760
Black19.413.826.4402,067
Pacific Islander7.94.113.8121,517
White10.59.911.11,187113,209
All Races10.710.211.31,359126,536
U.S.15.4*

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Ethnicity, Utah, 2020

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confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityRate per 1,000 Adolescent FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 4
Hispanic27.024.929.359221,933
Non-Hispanic6.86.37.3709104,603
All Utahns10.710.211.31,359126,536
U.S.15.4

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Local Health District, Utah, 2020

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confidence limits

Local Health DistrictRate per 1,000 Adolescent FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River8.16.410.2728,864
Central11.48.115.4413,613
Davis County8.77.210.412013,816
Salt Lake County14.112.915.356039,841
San Juan11.85.123.2*8678
Southeast20.013.528.6301,498
Southwest12.110.014.51189,736
Summit3.41.18.0*51,461
Tooele12.08.316.6352,930
TriCounty23.317.430.7512,185
Utah County5.74.96.617530,808
Wasatch10.15.516.9141,388
Weber-Morgan13.411.215.91309,718
State of Utah10.710.211.31,359126,536
U.S.15.4

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting; the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards.

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Utah Small Area, 2018-2020

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confidence limits

Utah Small AreasRate per 1,000 Adolescent FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 101
Brigham City17.212.623.1452,608
Box Elder Co (Other) V214.78.822.9191,296
Tremonton19.513.626.9361,850
Logan V26.95.28.9608,721
North Logan11.78.316.1383,246
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V24.82.68.1142,913
Hyrum9.64.916.7121,257
Smithfield6.53.111.9*101,547
Ben Lomond25.321.629.51626,399
Weber County (East)7.24.810.3283,915
Morgan County3.30.98.4*41,225
Ogden (Downtown)23.419.028.6974,145
South Ogden12.89.516.8524,069
Roy/Hooper11.68.814.9595,110
Riverdale15.511.320.8442,833
Clearfield Area/Hooper17.714.920.91428,019
Layton/South Weber11.29.113.61019,019
Kaysville/Fruit Heights3.31.95.5154,496
Syracuse6.13.89.3223,589
Centerville3.31.27.1*61,840
Farmington5.63.09.6132,307
North Salt Lake13.89.120.1271,953
Woods Cross/West Bountiful8.84.515.3121,371
Bountiful7.04.89.9334,698
SLC (Rose Park)28.223.233.91123,978
SLC (Avenues)3.21.27.1*6041,849
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)2.40.66.1*41,668
Magna22.417.428.4693,076
SLC (Glendale) V239.832.748.11082,711
West Valley (Center)34.129.439.31905,571
West Valley (West) V226.921.733.0923,422
West Valley (East) V239.934.645.82005,010
SLC (Downtown) V28.05.311.5283,518
SLC (Southeast Liberty)2.81.06.1*62,145
South Salt Lake26.420.234.0612,306
SLC (Sugar House)6.33.610.2162,543
Millcreek (South)3.11.16.8*61,935
Millcreek (East)2.61.05.7*62,305
Holladay V29.96.015.5191,912
Cottonwood3.61.96.2133,559
Kearns V227.322.632.71204,392
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)28.122.734.4943,345
Taylorsville (West)19.515.224.5723,695
Murray22.217.028.4632,839
Midvale30.724.637.8892,900
West Jordan (Northeast) V220.115.425.7623,091
West Jordan (Southeast)17.113.221.6683,985
West Jordan (W)/Copperton10.27.813.1626,068
South Jordan V26.74.59.6294,341
Daybreak4.22.46.8163,819
Sandy (West)14.710.620.0412,788
Sandy (Center) V29.46.113.8262,771
Sandy (Northeast)5.22.79.1122,305
Sandy (Southeast)1.80.63.8*63,402
Draper4.12.56.3204,931
Riverton/Bluffdale4.83.17.0255,239
Herriman6.34.58.6396,172
Tooele County (Other)13.28.719.2272,044
Tooele Valley13.811.117.0886,380
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley9.56.613.2343,593
Lehi8.16.110.5556,796
Saratoga Springs6.23.89.5213,388
American Fork3.82.45.6256,617
Alpine****
Pleasant Grove/Lindon4.63.16.4337,240
Orem (North)19.215.223.9804,160
Orem (West)11.99.215.0685,730
Orem (East)9.15.913.3262,860
Provo/BYU1.40.92.02316,974
Provo (West City Center)22.617.828.3763,363
Provo (East City Center)4.93.37.0295,906
Salem City4.11.39.5*51,227
Spanish Fork6.44.48.9335,183
Springville12.69.216.8473,732
Mapleton4.41.69.5*61,380
Utah County (South) V211.47.117.2221,936
Payson15.511.620.4523,349
Park City3.11.45.9*92,910
Summit County (East)11.96.320.4131,091
Wasatch County12.28.916.4443,600
Daggett and Uintah County29.724.435.81103,703
Duchesne County24.318.132.0512,098
Nephi/Mona19.112.028.9221,154
Delta/Fillmore18.111.128.0201,104
Sanpete Valley7.14.910.0334,630
Central (Other)15.110.620.8362,390
Richfield/Monroe/Salina18.412.326.4291,579
Carbon County18.613.225.4392,096
Emery County17.810.528.1181,013
Grand County19.811.631.817857
Blanding/Monticello14.37.823.914981
San Juan County (Other)18.010.129.715833
St. George14.111.916.614110,010
Washington Co (Other) V218.811.329.4191,011
Washington City10.97.315.8282,559
Hurricane/La Verkin13.79.918.4433,145
Ivins/Santa Clara8.14.413.5141,736
Cedar City14.411.717.6976,725
Southwest LHD (Other)16.511.822.4412,482
State of Utah12.612.213.04,453353,329
U.S.15.4

Data Notes

A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html]. *Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2018


Adolescent Birth Rate by Age of Mother, Utah and U.S., 2005-2020

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confidence limits

Age 15-17 vs 18-19, UT & USYearRate per 1,000 Adolescent FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 60
Utah Mothers Age 15-17200616.215.217.3
Utah Mothers Age 15-17200718.417.419.6
Utah Mothers Age 15-17200818.217.119.3
Utah Mothers Age 15-17200916.015.017.0
Utah Mothers Age 15-17201014.013.014.9
Utah Mothers Age 15-17201111.110.312.0
Utah Mothers Age 15-17201210.39.611.1
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720138.78.09.4
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720147.97.38.6
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720157.06.47.6
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720166.25.76.8
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720175.75.26.3
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720184.94.45.4
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720194.33.84.9
Utah Mothers Age 15-1720204.13.64.6
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17200622.0
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17200721.7
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17200821.1
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17200919.6
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17201017.3
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17201115.4
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17201214.1
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17201312.3
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17201410.9
U.S. Mothers Age 15-1720159.9
U.S. Mothers Age 15-1720168.8
U.S. Mothers Age 15-1720177.8
U.S. Mothers Age 15-1720187.2
U.S. Mothers Age 15-1720196.7
U.S. Mothers Age 15-1720206.3*
Utah Mothers Age 18-19200656.454.258.6
Utah Mothers Age 18-19200758.256.060.4
Utah Mothers Age 18-19200856.454.358.6
Utah Mothers Age 18-19200950.348.352.4
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201047.045.149.1
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201142.340.444.3
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201243.241.345.3
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201339.637.741.5
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201438.436.640.3
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201535.633.837.4
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201631.129.532.8
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201729.928.431.6
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201826.224.727.7
Utah Mothers Age 18-19201923.422.124.8
Utah Mothers Age 18-19202021.520.222.8
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19200673.0
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19200771.7
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19200868.2
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19200964.0
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201058.2
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201154.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201251.4
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201347.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201443.8
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201540.7
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201637.5
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201735.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201832.3
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19201931.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19202028.8*

Data Notes

*2020 Provisional Data

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2018
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

References and Community Resources

Utah Department of Health[[br]] Maternal and Infant Health Program[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/mihp/] Power to Decide: The Campaign to Prevent Unplanned Pregnancy[[br]] [https://powertodecide.org/news/we-are-power-decide] Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH)[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/] U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children & Families, Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB)[[br]] [https://www.acf.hhs.gov/fysb]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/22/2021, Published on 11/23/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 27 November 2021 6:53:23 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 23 Nov 2021 11:00:32 MST