PHOM Indicator Profile Report of Unintentional Injury Deaths
Why Is This Important?In Utah, unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death and disability. They account for approximately 1,238 deaths and 9,715 hospitalizations each year. In addition, thousands of less severe injuries are being treated in doctor's offices, clinics, emergency departments, homes, schools, work sites, etc. In 2017, the top five leading causes of unintentional injury death for all ages in Utah were poisoning, motor vehicle traffic crashes, falls, suffocation, and drowning/submersion. Most injuries can be prevented by choosing safe behaviors, using safety equipment, and obeying safety laws. High-priority prevention areas include: poisoning, fall-related injury, motor vehicle crash injury, pedestrian injury, and bicycle injury.
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017
Data NotesICD-10 codes V01-X59, Y85-Y86. Does not include legal intervention. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population.
How Are We Doing?The Utah annual age-adjusted rate of unintentional injury deaths has slightly increased from year to year since 2007 when the rate was 33.8 per 100,000 population. In 2017, the rate was 44.2 per 100,000 population. While several leading causes, such as motor vehicle crash deaths, have generally been decreasing, the rate of poisoning deaths has remained higher than other causes since 2011. Among local health districts in Utah, unintentional injury death rates for 2015-2017 were highest in the San Juan (83.2), Southeast Utah (74.4), and Central (60.1) Local Health Districts. Davis County (36.9) and Utah County (38.9) Local Health Districts had the lowest rates. Among Utah Small Areas, Emery County (90.0) and San Juan (Other) (87.0) had the highest rates of unintentional injury deaths per 100,000 population during 2013-2017, respectively. Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley and Saratoga Springs had the lowest rates at 24.3 and 24.7 per 100,000 population, respectively. Based on 2015-2017 data, Native Americans/Alaska Natives had significantly higher rates (61.2 per 100,000 population) of unintentional injury deaths than White Utahns (41.8), while Hispanics (33.4 per 100,000 population) had significantly lower rates compared to those of non-Hispanics (42.6).
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is working with several agencies, such as the Utah Department of Public Safety, Primary Children's Medical Center, and Utah's 13 local health departments to promote the use of safety belts, child safety seats, booster seats, and helmets in an effort to further reduce unintentional injury deaths. Most injuries can be prevented by choosing safe behaviors, using safety equipment, and obeying safety laws. High-priority prevention areas include motor vehicle crash injury, pedestrian injury, bicycle injury, and fall-related injury.
Healthy People Objective: Reduce unintentional injury deathsU.S. Target: 36.4 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 29.4 deaths per 100,000 population