Why Is This Important?Mental health is one of the 12 Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicators. Mental health refers to an individual's ability to negotiate the daily challenges and social interactions of life without experiencing undue emotional or behavioral incapacity. Mental health and mental disorders can be influenced by numerous conditions including biologic and genetic vulnerabilities, acute or chronic physical dysfunction, and environmental conditions and stresses. Approximately 32% of the U.S. population is affected by mental illness in any given year.^1^ The BRFSS mental health question is an attempt to obtain a global measure of recent mental and emotional distress.[[br]][[br]]
1. Kessler, R.C., Chiu, W.T., Demler, O., Merikangas, K. R., Walters, E.E. (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). ''Archives of General Psychiatry'', 62(6), 617-627.
Seven or More Days of Poor Mental Health in the Past 30 Days, Utah and U.S., 1993-2017
- Utah Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Office of Public Health Assessment, Utah Department of Health
- U.S. Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Division of Behavioral Surveillance, CDC Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services
Data NotesAge-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
U.S. data are the average for all states and the District of Columbia but do not include the U.S. territories. In 2002 the U.S. data includes only 22 states that asked the question.
Starting in 2009, the BRFSS included both landline and cell phone respondent interviews along with a new weighting methodology called iterative proportional fitting, or raking. More details about these changes can be found at: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf].
Note: At the time of this update, the BRFSS U.S. dataset did not include an age variable but did include five age categories up to age 80+ (vs. the typical weighting scheme that includes 85+). Comparisons with both weighting schemes were compared using Utah data, and the difference was about 1/100 of a percentage point.
How Are We Doing?In 2017, approximately 18.2% (crude rate) of Utah adults reported seven or more days when their mental health was not good in the past 30 days. This percentage was higher for adults with lower education and lower income levels. Older adults are less likely to report poor mental health status.
In order to analyze the BRFSS data by race, we combined years 2015-2017 using the new BRFSS methodology. According to this analysis using age-adjusted rates, Utah's Pacific Islander population reported the highest percentage of seven or more days when their mental health was not good in the past 30 days (22.7%) while Utah Asian adults reported the lowest percentage (12.5%).
Date Indicator Content Last Updated: 10/15/2018
- by Sex and Age Group, Utah, 2017
- by Education Level, Utah, 2017
- by Income, Utah, 2017
- by Ethnicity, Utah, 2017
- by Race, Utah, 2015-2017
- by Local Health District, Utah, 2017
- by Utah Small Area, 2015-2017
- Utah and U.S., 1993-2017