Why Is This Important?HIV is a blood-borne virus. Transmission occurs primarily through sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles for the injection of drugs, or before, during, or after the birth of children to HIV-infected mothers. The Bureau of Epidemiology has the responsibility of tracking cases of HIV in order to monitor trends in the disease and, whenever possible, to interrupt the transmission of HIV. This is done by collecting pertinent demographic information on reported HIV-positive individuals and by conducting follow-up on newly diagnosed individuals and their partners. No treatment is available to cure HIV, although antiretroviral treatments are available to extend survival among those who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
HIV/AIDS New Diagnoses by Year, Utah, 2008-2017
This chart displays the number of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000 residents in Utah compared to the United States for the years 2008 - 2017. Note that national data for the year 2017 is not yet available.
- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, on-line data - CDC WONDER
- HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017
- Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology
How Are We Doing?As of December 31, 2016, a total of 3,169 individuals diagnosed with HIV (regardless of AIDS diagnosis) were known to be living in Utah.
AIDS-related deaths have been decreasing, primarily because of improved efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapies. This trend has led to an increased number of people living with HIV infections in Utah, thus impacting healthcare systems and increasing the need for HIV Prevention and HIV Treatment and Care programs.
Of those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah as of December 31, 2016, the majority (29%) are between 50-59 years of age. Those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah aged 40-49 years also make up 27%. Persons aged 60 years and above account for 15% whereas children and adolescents (aged 0-19) account for only 2%. Of the total 3,130 individuals with a known birth sex, 2,659 (85%) are male, and 471 (15%) are female.
Male-to-male sexual contact (MSM) is the most common means of HIV exposure (66%) reported among men of all races followed by male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug-use (MSM+IDU) at 15%. The racial breakdown of men living with HIV shows 68% are White (non-Hispanic), 21% are Hispanic, 7% are Black, 2% are Asian, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 2% are of multiple races or unknown.
Heterosexual contact is the most common means of HIV exposure (49%) reported among women followed by injection drug use (IDU) at 21%. The racial breakdown of women living with HIV shows 47% are White (non-Hispanic), 26% are Black, 20% are Hispanic, 4% are Asian, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 2% are of multiple races or unknown.
What Is Being Done?Community-based prevention efforts include:
* HIV testing as a part of routine medical care
* Targeting high-risk populations to get tested
* Encouraging safer sexual practices
* Encouraging drug users to get treatment and increase harm reduction practices
* Encouraging pregnant women or women considering pregnancy to be tested for HIV
Healthy People Objective: Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adultsU.S. Target: 36,450 people
Date Indicator Content Last Updated: 10/04/2018