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PHOM Indicator Profile Report of Depression: Adult Prevalence

Why Is This Important?

Approximately 18.3% of adults in the U.S. experienced some kind of mental illness during 2016^1^. Of all mental illnesses, depression is the most common disorder^2^, with 6.7% of adults suffering from at least one episode of major depression during 2016^3^. Major depression is defined as having severe symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. Symptoms of major depression may include fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, impaired concentration, loss of interest in daily activities, appetite or weight changes, sleep changes, and recurring thoughts of death or suicide. Despite the availability of effective treatments for major depression, such as medications and/or psychotherapeutic techniques, it often goes unrecognized and untreated.^4^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. National Institute of Mental Health. ''Any Mental Illness (AMI) Among U.S. Adults''. Retrieved from [https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/mental-illness.shtml] on November 8, 2018. [[br]] 2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ''Healthy People 2010''. 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000.[[br]] 3. National Institute of Mental Health. ''Major Depression Among Adults''. Retrieved from [https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/major-depression-among-adults.shtml] on November 8, 2018. [[br]] 4. National Alliance on Mental Illness Retrieved from [http://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression] on November 8, 2018.

Depression Prevalence, Utah and U.S., 2011-2017

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confidence limits

Data Sources

  • Utah Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Office of Public Health Assessment, Utah Department of Health
  • U.S. Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Division of Behavioral Surveillance, CDC Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services

Data Notes

The question asks about lifetime diagnosis and does not reflect current major depression.   [[br]] [[br]] Age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. [[br]] Age-adjustment groups were 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+.

Risk Factors

Utah adults who reported chronic illnesses and/or poor health status in general, were also more likely to have reported having ever been told they had a depressive disorder. It is known that behavioral health problems often co-occur with chronic diseases and may exacerbate poor health outcomes.

How Are We Doing?

In Utah during 2017, adult women (29.0%) had significantly higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than men (16.1%). Combined years 2015-2017 Utah data showed the following: * Hispanic (17.4%), Asian (10.9%), and Pacific Islander (12.1%) adults reported lower lifetime depression than the state rate. White adults (22.5%) reported higher lifetime depression than the state rate.[[br]][[br]] * Adults with a household income less than $25,000 (32.1%) and those with a household income $25,000-$49,999 (24.2%) had significantly higher rates of lifetime doctor-diagnosed depression, while adults with an income greater than $75,000 (17.6%) had lower rates of lifetime depression.[[br]][[br]] * Depression also varied by education. Utah adults aged 25 and above with a college education (18.1%) had a lower rate of doctor-diagnosed depression than adult Utahns with less education.[[br]][[br]] * Adults in San Juan County (15.0%), Summit County (16.0%), Wasatch County (16.6%), and TriCounty (18.5%) reported lower rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate. Tooele County (26.1%) had a rate significantly higher than the state rate.[[br]][[br]] * Among Utah Small Areas, Provo (East City Center) (36.6%), Murray (28.5%), South Salt Lake (28.4%), Midvale (28.1%), Springville (28.0%), Syracuse (27.9%), Taylorsville (East)/Murray (West) (27.6%), Provo/BYU (27.5%), Tooele Valley (26.2%), and Ogden (Downtown) (26.7%) had higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate. Ivins/Santa Clara (11.2%), Park City (13.0%), Southwest Utah Other (14.1%), Wasatch County (16.6%), and Daggett/Uintah Counties (17.3%) had lower rates than the state rate.

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) has partnered with the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH) to facilitate the Suicide Prevention Coalition and Suicide Fatality Reviews. In addition, six local health districts (Bear River, Davis, Summit, Tooele, Utah, Weber-Morgan) have been funded to do suicide prevention activities such as promoting mental health resources and help-seeking behavior, distributing gun locks to reduce access to lethal means, and training the community in suicide prevention using evidence based/promising practice programs like Signs of Suicide, Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR), Working Minds, and SafeTALK. These trainings promote suicide first aid by teaching individuals to recognize the warning signs of suicide, how to offer hope, and how to refer to resources and save a life.

Date Indicator Content Last Updated: 11/19/2018


Other Views

The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 24 April 2019 8:22:45 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Mon, 26 Nov 2018 12:02:08 MST