Why Is This Important?Research indicates that bearing a child during adolescence is associated with long-term difficulties for the mother, her child, and society. These consequences are often attributable to poverty and other adverse socioeconomic circumstances that frequently accompany early childbearing.
Compared to babies born to older mothers, babies born to adolescent mothers, particularly young adolescent mothers, are at higher risk of low birth weight and infant mortality. These babies are more likely to grow up in homes that offer lower levels of emotional support and cognitive stimulation, and they are less likely to earn a high school diploma. For the mothers, giving birth during adolescence is associated with limited educational attainment, which in turn can reduce future employment prospects and earning potential.
Adolescent Birth Rate by Age of Mother, Utah and U.S., 1998-2015
- Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
- National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Data Notes*U.S. data is preliminary for 2015.
Risk FactorsExperiencing birth during adolescence can increase a teen's risk of acquiring a sexually-transmitted infection as well as seriously hinder future financial stability due to limited educational attainment.
How Are We Doing?The teen birth rates per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in Utah, for the past five years were:
According to the 2013 Pregnancy Risk and Monitoring Survey (PRAMS) data, 55% of Utah females aged 18-19 reported their pregnancies as mistimed or unwanted. Another 31% reported that they were unsure whether or not they wanted to be pregnant.
What Is Being Done?Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs:
The Utah Department of Health receives federal funding from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families for two programs addressing teen pregnancy prevention in Utah.
The first program is for Abstinence Education Programs targeting Utah youth ages 10-16 with a specific focus on youth in the Utah Juvenile Justice System, youth of Hispanic origin and/or non-White race, and youth residing in areas with adolescent birth rates higher than Utah's state rate. Through a competitive bid process, the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) sub-contracted these federal funds to several community organizations.
The second program is for Personal Responsibility Education Programs (PREP). Funds must be used for a program designed to educate adolescents on both abstinence and contraception to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS, and three adulthood preparation subjects (healthy relationships, education and career success, and healthy life skills). Through a competitive bid process, the Utah Department of Health sub-contracted these funds to several community organizations. The target population is Utah youth ages 14-19 with a specific focus on youth in the Utah Juvenile Justice System, youth of Hispanic origin and/or non-White race, current teen moms, and youth residing in areas with adolescent birth rates higher than Utah's state rate.
For more information or questions regarding the two programs mentioned above, contact 801-273-2870 or email@example.com.
Date Indicator Content Last Updated: 12/01/2016