Health Indicator Report of Unintentional Injury Deaths
In Utah, unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death and disability. They account for approximately 1,051 deaths and 9,678 hospitalizations each year. In addition, thousands of less severe injuries are being treated in doctor's offices, clinics, emergency departments, homes, schools, work sites, etc. In 2013, the top five leading causes of unintentional injury death for all ages in Utah were poisoning, falls, motor vehicle traffic crashes, suffocation, and drowning. Most injuries can be prevented by choosing safe behaviors, using safety equipment, and obeying safety laws. High-priority prevention areas include: fall-related injury, motor vehicle crash injury, pedestrian injury, and bicycle injury.
Unintentional Injury Death Rates, Utah and U.S., 1981-2013
NotesICD-9 codes E800-E869, E880-E929; ICD-10 codes V01-X59, Y85-Y86. Does not include legal intervention. Rates age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population.
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2013
- National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
DefinitionUnintentional deaths due to all causes per 100,000 population. ICD-9 codes E800-E869, E880-E929; ICD-10 codes V01-X59, Y85-Y86.
NumeratorNumber of unintentional injury deaths. (ICD-9 codes E800-E869, E880-E929; ICD-10 codes V01-X59, Y85-Y86)
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population of Utah.
Healthy People Objective IVP-11:Reduce unintentional injury deaths
U.S. Target: 36.0 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 29.4 deaths per 100,000 population
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators
How Are We Doing?Utah's annual age-adjusted rate of unintentional injury deaths has declined from 49.8 per 100,000 population in 1980 to 42.1 in 2013. Increased efforts in public awareness, strengthening prevention activities, establishing resources, availability of environmental modifications, and developing collaborations with various state and local agencies have all contributed to the decline. Since 2006, unintentional injury deaths have increased despite declines in motor vehicle crash deaths. The greatest increase by cause has been in poisonings; since 2011, the rate of poisoning deaths has been significantly higher than the rates of the other leading causes. Among Utah's local health districts (LHDs), unintentional injury death rates for 2011-2013 were highest in the Southeastern Utah and TriCounty Local Health Districts at 77.2 and 65.5 per 100,000 population, respectively. Utah County and Bear River Local Health Districts, at 36.3 and 38.2 per 100,000 population, respectively, had the lowest rates. Among Utah Small Areas, Carbon/Emery Counties and Grand/San Juan Counties had the highest rates during 2011-2013 of unintentional injury deaths at 81.5 and 76.5 per 100,000 population, respectively. SLC (Foothill/U of U) and SLC (Avenues) had the lowest rates, at 19.9 and 20.5 per 100,000 population, respectively. Based on 2011-2013 data, Native Americans/Alaska Natives have significantly higher rates (82.2 per 100,000 population) of unintentional injury deaths than White Utahns (41.8), while non-Hispanics (42.5 per 100,000 population) had similar rates to those of Hispanics (42.4).
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Since 1999, the U.S. unintentional injury death rate has remained somewhat steady overall. However, Utah's rate surpassed the national rate in 2010, and has been significantly higher than the U.S. rate since 2011.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is working with several agencies, such as the Utah Department of Public Safety, Primary Children's Medical Center, and Utah's 12 local health departments to promote the use of safety belts, child safety seats, booster seats, and helmets in an effort to further reduce unintentional injury deaths. Most injuries can be prevented by choosing safe behaviors, using safety equipment, and obeying safety laws. High-priority prevention areas include motor vehicle crash injury, pedestrian injury, bicycle injury, and fall-related injury.
Available ServicesUtah Department of Health, Violence and Injury Prevention Program 801-538-6141 http://health.utah.gov/vipp/ Utah Poison Control Center 801-581-7504 (for general information) 1-800-222-1222 (emergency hotline) Use Only As Directed http://useonlyasdirected.org/ Utah Fire Marshal 801-284-6350 http://firemarshal.utah.gov/ Utah SAFE KIDS Coalition 801-538-6852 http://www.safekidsutah.org/ Primary Children's Medical Center 801-588-2000 Utah Office of Highway Safety 801-293-2480 http://publicsafety.utah.gov/highwaysafety/ Utah Safety Council 801-262-5400 www.utahsafetycouncil.org Intermountain Injury Control Research Center 801-581-6410 http://iicrc.med.utah.edu/ Utah AAA 801-364-5615 NATIONAL WEB SITES: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control http://www.cdc.gov/injury/ National Highway Transportation Safety Administration www.nhtsa.dot.gov/ National SAFE KIDS Campaign www.safekids.org/ Children's Safety Network http://www.childrenssafetynetwork.org/ U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission www.cpsc.gov/
Health Program InformationVIPP collaborates with the Utah Office of Highway Safety, Zero Fatalities campaign, and local health departments to conduct educational campaigns which target 16- to 19-year-old drivers, young pedestrians, law enforcement, etc. as funding allows. The Utah SAFE KIDS Coalition works to prevent unintentional injuries among children through raising community awareness, influencing policies, promoting safety, and establishing private/public partnerships. Inspections and instructions on the proper use of car seats, booster seats, and bicycle helmets are offered routinely to the public with car seat checkpoints and helmet education and distribution statewide. The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.
Page Content Updated On 01/22/2015, Published on 01/23/2015