Health Indicator Report of Unintentional Injury Deaths
In Utah, unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death and disability. They account for approximately 1,125 deaths and 9,715 hospitalizations each year. In addition, thousands of less severe injuries are being treated in doctor's offices, clinics, emergency departments, homes, schools, work sites, etc. In 2016, the top five leading causes of unintentional injury death for all ages in Utah were poisoning, motor vehicle traffic crashes, falls, suffocation, and drowning/submersion. Most injuries can be prevented by choosing safe behaviors, using safety equipment, and obeying safety laws. High-priority prevention areas include: poisoning, fall-related injury, motor vehicle crash injury, pedestrian injury, and bicycle injury.
Unintentional Injury Death Rates by Utah Small Area, 2014-2016
NotesICD-10 codes V01-X59, Y85-Y86. Does not include legal intervention. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Help.html].
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2016
DefinitionUnintentional deaths due to all causes per 100,000 population. ICD-9 codes E800-E869, E880-E929; ICD-10 codes V01-X59, Y85-Y86.
NumeratorNumber of unintentional injury deaths. (ICD-9 codes E800-E869, E880-E929; ICD-10 codes V01-X59, Y85-Y86)
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population of Utah.
Healthy People Objective IVP-11:Reduce unintentional injury deaths
U.S. Target: 36.4 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 29.4 deaths per 100,000 population
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators
How Are We Doing?The Utah annual age-adjusted rate of unintentional injury deaths has been increasing for much of the last decade, from 30.2 per 100,000 population in 2006 to 42.9 in 2016. While several leading causes, such as motor vehicle crash deaths, have generally been decreasing, the rate of poisoning deaths has been increasing, and has been significantly higher than the other causes since 2011. Among local health districts in Utah, unintentional injury death rates for 2014-2016 were highest in the Southeast (75.4), San Juan (71.5), and Central (58.2) Local Health Districts. Utah County (38.2) and Davis County (39.6) Local Health Districts had the lowest rates. Among Utah Small Areas, Carbon/Emery Counties (85.4) and Magna (76.6) had the highest rates of unintentional injury deaths per 100,000 population during 2014-2016, respectively. SLC (Foothill/U of U) and Provo (North)/BYU had the lowest rates at 23.5 and 24.1 per 100,000 population, respectively. Based on 2014-2016 data, Native Americans/Alaska Natives had significantly higher rates (72.5 per 100,000 population) of unintentional injury deaths than White Utahns (41.4), while Hispanics (49.1 per 100,000 population) had significantly higher rates compared to those of non-Hispanics (41.4).
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The Utah unintentional injury death rate increased significantly in 2012 (42.8 per 100,000 population) and again in 2014 (45.0 per 100,000 population), but has since remained steady. While the Utah rate was significantly lower than the national rate from 2003 to 2008, the Utah rate has been similar to the national rate since 2010. Between 2011 and 2016 the state rate remained steady, similar to the national rate until 2016 when the U.S. rate significantly increased.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is working with several agencies, such as the Utah Department of Public Safety, Primary Children's Medical Center, and Utah's 13 local health departments to promote the use of safety belts, child safety seats, booster seats, and helmets in an effort to further reduce unintentional injury deaths. Most injuries can be prevented by choosing safe behaviors, using safety equipment, and obeying safety laws. High-priority prevention areas include motor vehicle crash injury, pedestrian injury, bicycle injury, and fall-related injury.
Available ServicesUtah Department of Health, Violence and Injury Prevention Program[[br]] 801-538-6141[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/vipp/] Utah Poison Control Center[[br]] 801-581-7504 (for general information)[[br]] 1-800-222-1222 (emergency hotline) Use Only As Directed[[br]] [http://useonlyasdirected.org/] Utah Fire Marshal[[br]] 801-284-6350[[br]] [http://firemarshal.utah.gov/] Utah SAFE KIDS Coalition[[br]] 801-538-6852[[br]] [http://www.safekidsutah.org/] Primary Children's Medical Center[[br]] 801-588-2000 Utah Office of Highway Safety[[br]] 801-293-2480[[br]] [https://highwaysafety.utah.gov/] Utah Safety Council[[br]] 801-262-5400[[br]] [http://www.utahsafetycouncil.org] Intermountain Injury Control Research Center[[br]] 801-581-6410[[br]] [http://medicine.utah.edu/pediatrics/critical_care/research/iicrc.php] Utah AAA[[br]] 801-364-5615[[br]] [[br]] [[br]] '''NATIONAL WEB SITES:''' National Center for Injury Prevention and Control[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/injury/] National Highway Transportation Safety Administration[[br]] [http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/] National SAFE KIDS Campaign[[br]] [http://www.safekids.org/] Children's Safety Network[[br]] [http://www.childrenssafetynetwork.org/] U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission[[br]] [http://www.cpsc.gov/]
Health Program InformationVIPP collaborates with the Utah Office of Highway Safety, Zero Fatalities campaign, and local health departments to conduct educational campaigns which target 16- to 19-year-old drivers, young pedestrians, law enforcement, etc. as funding allows. The Utah SAFE KIDS Coalition works to prevent unintentional injuries among children through raising community awareness, influencing policies, promoting safety, and establishing private/public partnerships. Inspections and instructions on the proper use of car seats, booster seats, and bicycle helmets are offered routinely to the public with car seat checkpoints and helmet education and distribution statewide. The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.
Page Content Updated On 06/13/2018, Published on 06/18/2018