Indicator Report - Suicide
Why Is This Important?From 2011 to 2013, Utah's age-adjusted suicide rate was 20.4 per 100,000 persons. This is an average of 535 suicides per year. Utah has one of the highest age-adjusted suicide rates in the U.S. In 2013, it is the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10 to 17 years old, the second-leading cause of death for ages 18-24 and 25-44, and the fourth-leading cause of death for ages 45-64. Overall, suicide is the seventh-leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10+.
Completed suicides are only part of the problem. More people are hospitalized or treated in an emergency room for suicide attempts than are fatally injured. In 2012, 13 Utahns were treated for self-inflicted injuries every day (2,743 emergency department visits and 1,605 hospitalizations).
According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, during the past 12 months before the survey Utah high school students reported the following: 25.7% felt sad or hopeless, 15.5% seriously considered attempting suicide, 12.8% made a suicide plan, 7.3% attempted suicide one or more times and 2.1% of these students suffered an injury, poisoning, or an overdose that had to be treated by a doctor or nurse.
2013 Prevention Needs Assessment data indicate that Salt Lake County and Tooele County Health District students had significantly higher rates of psychological distress, making a suicide plan, and attempting suicide compared to the state.
All suicide attempts should be taken seriously. Those who survive suicide attempts are often seriously injured and many have depression and other mental health problems.
Suicide is a complex public health issue where victims may be blamed and family members stigmatized. Consequently, suicide is not openly discussed making it difficult to collect meaningful data that is vital to suicide prevention efforts.
Data Notes*Use caution in interpreting rates for females 15-17 and 75+. The estimates have a relative standard error greater than 30% and are therefore deemed unreliable by UDOH standards.
**The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or the relative standard error can't be determined or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.
For more information, please go to http://health.utah.gov/opha/IBIShelp/DataSuppression.pdf.
Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.
Data SourcesUtah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2013.
DefinitionSuicide Death Rate: Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself per 100,000 population (ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03).
Suicide Risk Among Students: Percentage of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 01/05/2015, Published on 01/05/2015