Health Indicator Report of Stroke (Cerebrovascular Disease) Deaths
Stroke, the death of brain tissue usually resulting from artery blockage, is the third age-adjusted leading cause of death in Utah. About 700,000 new or first-time strokes occur in the U.S. each year. Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability. Although strokes occur in all age groups, those 65 and older are most likely to experience stroke.
For combined years 2011-2014, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (66.2 per 100,00) populations had higher rates of stroke death compared to the general Utah population (36.3 per 100,000). The rate for the American Indian/Alaska Native population was significantly lower (14.7 per 100,000).
Stroke Deaths by Race, Utah, 2011-2014
NotesICD-10 codes I60-I69 (equivalent to NCHS 113 Leading Causes of Death #61: Cerebrovascular Diseases). Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population using 3 groups, 0-44, 45-64, and 65+.
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2014
DefinitionThe rate of stroke deaths (ICD-10 codes I60-I69) per 100,000 population.
NumeratorThe number of deaths due to stroke (ICD-10 codes I60-I69) among Utah or U.S. residents for a calendar year.
DenominatorTotal midyear resident population for the same calendar year.
Healthy People Objective HDS-3:Reduce stroke deaths
U.S. Target: 34.8 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 28.2 deaths per 100,000 population
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators[[br]] CSTE Chronic Disease Indicators
How Are We Doing?Death rates for stroke have generally declined in recent decades. This trend is likely related to improvements in acute stroke care and in improved detection and treatment of hypertension. In 2014, the crude stroke death rate was 29.0 per 100,000 population.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In 2014, the age-adjusted Utah rate (37.8 per 100,000) was not statistically different from the U.S. rate (36.5 per 100,000). U.S. data were obtained through CDC WONDER.
What Is Being Done?The Healthy Living through Environment, Policy, and Improved Clinical Care Program (EPICC) was formed in 2013, consolidating three Utah Department of Health programs (Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program, and the Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Obesity Program). The purpose of the consolidation was to ensure a productive, collaborative, and efficient program focused on health outcomes. EPICC aims to reduce the incidence of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke by targeting risk factors including reducing obesity, increasing physical activity and nutritious food consumption, and improving diabetes and hypertension control. The program is organized around four domains: *Domain 1: Epidemiology and Surveillance--gather, analyze, and disseminate data and information and conduct evaluation to inform, prioritize, deliver, and monitor programs and population health. *Domain 2: Policy and Environment--environmental approaches the promote health and support and reinforce healthful behaviors (statewide in schools and childcare, worksites, and communities). *Domain 3: Health Systems--Health system interventions to improve the effective delivery and use of clinical and other preventive services in order to prevent disease, detect diseases early, and reduce or eliminate risk factors and manage complications. *Domain 4: Community Clinical Linkages--Strategies to improve community-clinical linkages ensuring that communities support and clinics refer patients to programs that improve management of chronic conditions.[[br]] [[br]] The primary program strategies include: *Increasing healthy nutrition and physical activity environments in K-12 schools *Increasing healthy nutrition and physical activity environments in early care and education (childcare/preschool) *Increasing healthy nutrition and physical activity environments in worksites *Improving awareness of prediabetes and hypertension for Utahns *Improving the quality of medical care for people with diabetes and hypertension *Improving the linkages between health care providers and supporting community programs for Utahns with diabetes and hypertension *Improving access and availability to community health programs for Utahns with diabetes, hypertension, and obesity *Improving care and management of students with chronic conditions in Utah schools
Available ServicesHeart disease and stroke are the first and fourth leading causes of death in the United States. Heart disease is responsible for 1 of every 3 deaths in the country. Million Hearts is a national initiative that has set an ambitious goal to prevention 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017. The impact will be even greater over time. Million Hearts aims to prevent heart disease and stroke by: *Improving access to effective care. *Improving the quality of care for the ABCS (appropriate aspirin prescription, blood pressure control, cholesterol control, and smoking cessation). *Focusing clinical attention on the prevention of heart attack and stroke. *Activating the public to lead a heart-healthy lifestyle. *Improving the prescription and adherence to appropriate medications for the ABCS.[[br]] [[br]] See what you can do to be part of the solution. Visit [http://millionhearts.hhs.gov/be_one_mh.html] for more information. For information about the Million Hearts initiative, please visit [http://www.millionhearts.hhs.gov].
Health Program InformationIn 2012, the Utah Department of Health published a statistical report titled ''The Impact of Heart Disease and Stroke in Utah''. This report describes overall patterns in cardiovascular disease and risk factors at the state and national levels and among Utah sub-populations (age group, sex, race, ethnicity, and Utah Small Area). To download the full report, please visit [http://www.choosehealth.utah.gov/documents/pdfs/reports/HD_Stroke_Burden_Report2012.pdf].
Page Content Updated On 12/16/2015, Published on 12/21/2015