Health Indicator Report of Tuberculosis Cases
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a type of bacteria called ''Mycobacterium tuberculosis''. TB is typically spread through the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat expels tiny airborne particles (droplet nuclei). People nearby may breathe in these particles and become infected. People who have latent TB infection do not feel sick, do not have symptoms, and cannot spread TB. But, they may develop active TB disease at some time in the future. The bacteria usually attack the lungs but may attack any part of the body. The U.S. experienced a resurgence of TB disease between 1985 and 1992, when the number of TB cases increased by 20%. Early detection and treatment of TB are essential to control the spread of the disease and prevent outbreaks.
Number of Tuberculosis Cases by Substance Abuse, Utah, 1993-2014
NotesA given case may have no risk factors or may have multiple risk factors. Substance abuse is in the 12 months prior to TB diagnosis.
Data SourceUtah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology
- Rates, Utah and U.S., 1990-2014
- Cases by Year, Utah, 1993-2014
- Cases by Gender, Utah, 1993-2014
- Cases by Age Group, Utah, 1993-2014
- Rates by Race/Ethnicity, Utah, Five-Year Average, 2010-2014
- Cases by Race/Ethnicity, Utah, 2002-2014
- Percentage of Cases Among Foreign-born Persons, Utah, 1993-2014
- Cases by Homelessness and HIV Coinfection, Utah, 1993-2014
- Cases by Site of Disease, Utah, 1993-2014
- Cases by Drug Resistance, Utah, 1993-2014
- Percentage Who Completed Therapy in One Year, Utah, 1996-2013
- Rates by Local Health District, Utah, Five-Year Average, 2010-2014
DefinitionRate of newly reported cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of tuberculosis cases by count date.
DenominatorNumber of persons in the population.
Healthy People Objective IID-29:Reduce tuberculosis (TB)
U.S. Target: 1.0 new case per 100,000 population
Other Objectives'''HP2020 Objective GH-2:''' Reduce the TB case rate for foreign-born persons living in the United States. [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 14.0 cases per 100,000 population '''HP2020 Objective IID-30:''' Increase treatment completion rate of all TB patients who are eligible to complete therapy. [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 93.0 percent '''HP2020 Objective IID-31:''' Increase the percentage of contacts to sputum smear-positive TB cases who complete treatment after being diagnosed with latent TB infection (LTBI) and initiated treatment for LTBI. [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 79.0 percent '''HP2020 Objective IID-32:''' Increase the proportion of culture-confirmed TB patients with a positive nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) result reported within 2 days of specimen collection. [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 77.0 percent '''HP2020 Objective IID-33:''' Increase the proportion of adults with TB who have been tested for HIV. [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 80.6 percent
How Are We Doing?In 2014, 31 cases of tuberculosis (TB) were reported in Utah. For the five-year period from 2010 to 2014, Utah had an average of 31 cases of TB reported per year. The 2014 TB case rate in Utah was 1.05 per 100,000 persons, a decrease from 1.14 in 2013.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?From 1993 to 2014, the case rate of tuberculosis in Utah was an average of 31% of the national rate.
What Is Being Done?The Treatment and Care Services Program at the Utah Department of Health is charged with reducing the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) disease through timely reporting and treatment. The program also provides screening and preventive therapy for those with TB infection. There are 13 local health districts throughout Utah that are the front line of TB case management for the state. Their responsibilities include: * diagnosis of latent TB infections and active TB disease * treatment of latent TB infections and active TB disease * ensuring patient adherence to treatment * screening of high-risk populations * coordination/referral * providing culturally-appropriate client education.
Available ServicesContact information for Utah Local Health Departments is given below: Bear River Health Department[[br]] 655 East 1300 North[[br]] Logan, Utah 84341[[br]] Phone: (435) 792-6500 Central Utah Public Health Department[[br]] 70 Westview Drive[[br]] Richfield, Utah 84701[[br]] Phone: (435) 896-5451 Davis County Health Department[[br]] 20 S State St[[br]] Clearfield, Utah 84015[[br]] Phone: (801) 525-5000 Salt Lake County Health Department[[br]] 610 South 200 East, Room 209[[br]] Salt Lake City, Utah 84111[[br]] Phone: (385) 468-4222 San Juan Public Health[[br]] 196 E Center Street[[br]] Blanding, UT 84511[[br]] Phone: (435) 678-2723 Southeast Utah Health Department[[br]] 28 South 100 East[[br]] Price, Utah 84501[[br]] Phone: (435) 637-3671 Southwest Utah Public Health Department[[br]] 620 S 400 East, Ste 400[[br]] St George, Utah 84770[[br]] Phone: (435) 673-3528 Summit County Public Health Department[[br]] 650 Round Valley Drive[[br]] (at Quinns Junction)[[br]] Park City, Utah 84060[[br]] Phone: (435) 333-1500 Tooele County Health Department[[br]] 151 N Main Street[[br]] Tooele, Utah 84074[[br]] Phone: (435) 277-2300 TriCounty Health Department[[br]] 133 S 500 East[[br]] Vernal, Utah 84078[[br]] Phone: (435) 247-1177 Utah County Health Department[[br]] 151 S University Ave[[br]] Provo, Utah 84601[[br]] Phone: (801) 851-7000 Wasatch County Health Department[[br]] 55 South 500 East[[br]] Heber City, Utah 84032[[br]] Phone: (435) 654-2700 Weber-Morgan Health Department[[br]] 477 23rd St[[br]] Ogden, Utah 84401[[br]] Phone: (801) 399-7100
Page Content Updated On 07/28/2015, Published on 07/28/2015