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Indicator Report - Drug Overdose and Poisoning Incidents

Why Is This Important?

In 2002 the age-adjusted rate of drug poisoning deaths (14.0 per 100,000 population) surpassed the rate of motor vehicle crash (MVC) deaths (13.5 per 100,000 population) in Utah. Until this time, motor vehicle crashes had been responsible for more lives lost than any other cause of injury. By 2013, the age-adjusted death rate from drug poisonings (21.7 per 100,000 population) was more than three times as high as it was from MVC deaths (7.1 per 100,000 population). Prescription pain medications are responsible for many of the drug poisoning deaths in Utah.

Poisoning Deaths by Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2013

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Data Notes

Data are age-adjusted (2000 U.S. standard population).

Poisoning deaths are defined as ICD-10 codes X40-X49, Y10-Y19, X60-X69, X85-X90, Y35.2, *U01.6-U01.7.

Drug poisoning deaths are a subset of poisoning deaths and are defined as ICD-10 codes X40-44, X60-X64, X85, Y10-Y14.

The Consensus Recommendations for National and State Poisoning Surveillance definition of a drug is as follows: A drug is any chemical compound that is chiefly used by or administered to humans or animals as an aid in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease or injury, for the relief of pain or suffering, to control or improve any physiologic or pathologic condition, or for the feeling it causes.

The definition specifically includes:
-Street drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and hallucinogens;
-Prescription drugs;
-Over-the-counter drugs;
-Biological substances such as vaccinations;
-Veterinary drugs;
-Dietary supplements; and
-Non-medicinal substances used primarily for the feeling they cause.

The definition specifically excludes:
-Alcohol;
-Tobacco; and
-Chemicals that are deliberately inhaled for the feeling they cause but are chiefly used for other purposes (i.e. organic solvents and halogen derivatives of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons).

Data Sources

Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2013. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS).

Other Views


Definition

Poisoning deaths: number of deaths among Utah residents resulting from poisoning (ICD-10 codes X40-X49, X60-X69, X85-X90, Y10-Y19, Y35.2, *U01 [.6-.7]) per 100,000 population.

Drug poisoning deaths: number of deaths among Utah residents resulting from drug poisoning (ICD-10 codes X40-44, X60-X64, X85, Y10-Y14) per 100,000 population.

Drug poisoning ED visits/hospitalizations: number of incidents (ED visits or hospitalizations) among Utah residents resulting from drug poisoning (ICD-9 codes E850-E858, E950 [.0-.5], E962, E980 [.0-.5]) per 10,000 population.

Prescription opioid deaths: number of unintentional and undetermined intent deaths among residents and non-residents resulting from prescription opioids that occurred in Utah.

How We Calculated the Rates

Numerator: Poisoning deaths: number of deaths among Utah residents resulting from poisoning (ICD-10 codes X40-X49, X60-X69, X85-X90, Y10-Y19, Y35.2, *U01 [.6-.7]). Drug poisoning deaths: number of deaths among Utah residents resulting from drug poisoning (ICD-10 codes X40-X44, X60-X64, X85, Y10-Y14). Drug poisoning ED visits/hospitalizations: number of incidents (ED visits or hospitalizations) among Utah residents resulting from drug poisoning (ICD-9 codes E850-E858, E950 [.0-.5], E962, E980 [.0-.5]). Prescription opioid deaths: number of resident and non-resident unintentional and undetermined prescription opioid deaths that occurred in Utah.
Denominator: Total number of persons in the population of Utah.

Page Content Updated On 01/22/2015, Published on 01/23/2015
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.utah.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sat, 04 July 2015 11:01:34 from Utah Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.utah.gov".

Content updated: Fri, 23 Jan 2015 12:08:25 MST