Health Indicator Report of Physical Activity: Recommended Muscle-strengthening Among Adults
The predominant benefits of muscle-strengthening activities include improved bone health, reduced risk of falls in older adults, improved daily energy and sleep, and improved posture. Muscle-strengthening activities also help prevent diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. This is done through improving insulin sensitivity, metabolizing glucose in general, and improving blood pressure and gastrointestinal transit time.
In 2017, the number of Utah Small Areas increased by 54%, from 64 to 99, to allow for a more meaningful analysis at the smallest possible unit. Previous data by Utah Small Area has been updated to reflect all 99 Utah Small Areas.[[br]] [[br]] Box Elder (Other) V2 (17.5%), Nephi/Mona (20.6%), Salt Lake City (Rose Park) (20.9%), and Kearns V2 (21.4%) had the lowest rates of recommended amount of muscle-strengthening activity compared to the state total.
Recommended Amount of Muscle-strengthening Activity by Utah Small Area, Adults Aged 18+, 2013, 2015, and 2017
NotesIn 2016, Utah BRFSS modified its methodology for age adjustment for increased precision. With this change Utah is consistent with both the U.S. and other states using IBIS. Charts have been updated from 2011 forward to reflect this change. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population.[[br]] [[br]] A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on the Methodology and Guidelines page: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html].
Data SourceUtah Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Office of Public Health Assessment, Utah Department of Health
Data Interpretation IssuesThis question was new in 2011. In 2011, the BRFSS changed its methodology from a landline only sample and weighting based on post-stratification to a landline/cell phone sample and raking as the weighting methodology. Raking accounts for variables such as income, education, marital status, and home ownership during weighting and has the potential to more accurately reflect the population distribution. More details about these changes can be found at: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf].
- Utah and U.S. Adults Aged 18+, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017
- by Gender and Age Group, Utah Adults Aged 18+, 2017
- by Ethnicity, Utah Adults Aged 18+, 2017
- by Race, Utah Adults Aged 18+, 2017
- by Local Health District, Utah, 2017
- by Income, Utah, 2015 and 2017
- by Education, Utah Adults 25+, 2017
- by Sex, Utah, 2015 and 2017
DefinitionPercentage of adults aged 18 years and older who reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week.
NumeratorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older who reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week.
DenominatorNumber of surveyed adults aged 18 years and older.
Healthy People Objective PA-2.3:Increase the proportion of adults who perform muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days of the week
U.S. Target: 24.1 percent
How Are We Doing?The first BRFSS data on muscle-strengthening activity became available in 2011. The age-adjusted rate for 2011 was 31.4% and has increased to 32.8% in 2017.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Compared to the nation, Utah adults report doing more muscle-strengthening activity. In 2017, 32.8% of Utah adults reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week (age-adjusted). In 2017, the national rate was 30.5%.
What Is Being Done?The Healthy Living through Environment, Policy, and Improved Clinical Care Program (EPICC) was established through funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). EPICC focuses on Environmental Approaches that Promote Health, specifically promoting policies around healthy eating and active living. EPICC works: In Schools:[[br]] 1) Schools are encouraged to adopt the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program. This framework encourages students to be physically active for 60 minutes a day through school, home and community activities.[[br]] 2) Height and weight trends are being tracked in a sample of elementary students to monitor Utah students.[[br]] 3) Action for Healthy Kids brings partners together to improve nutrition and physical activity environments in Utah's schools by implementing the school-based state plan strategies, working with local school boards to improve or develop policies for nutritious foods in schools. This includes recommendations for healthy vending options. In Worksites:[[br]] 1) The Utah Health Improvement Plan--a public and private partnership--has selected worksites as their priority for the goal of Preventing Obesity and Related Chronic Conditions. A smaller workgroup, UHIP-O, works to create a Culture of Health within businesses in the state of Utah. 2) The Utah Council for Worksite Health Promotion recognizes businesses that offer employee fitness and health promotion programs.[[br]] 3) EPICC partners with local health departments to encourage worksites to complete the CDC Scorecard and participate in yearly health risk assessment for their employees. EPICC provides toolkits and other resources for employers interested in implementing wellness programs through the [http://choosehealth.utah.gov choosehealth.utah.gov] website: [http://choosehealth.utah.gov/worksites/why-worksite-wellness.php] -- In Communities:[[br]] 1) Local health departments (LHDs) receive federal funding to partner with schools, worksites, and other community based organizations to increase access to fresh fruits and vegetables through food service guidelines, farmers markets and retail stores. LHDs also work with cities within their jurisdictions to create a built environment that encourages physical activity. In Healthcare:[[br]] 1) EPICC works with health care systems to establish community clinical linkages to support individuals at risk for or diagnosed with diabetes or hypertension to engage in lifestyle change programs such as chronic disease self-management and diabetes prevention programs. In Childcare:[[br]] 1) Ten local health departments statewide have implemented the TOP Star program, which aims to improve the nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding environments and achieve best practice in child care centers and homes.[[br]] 2) EPICC works with state and local partners through the Childcare Obesity Prevention workgroup to implement policy and systems changes in early care and education across agencies statewide.
Evidence-based PracticesThe EPICC program promotes evidence based practices collected by the Center TRT. The Center for Training and Research Translation (Center TRT) bridges the gap between research and practice and supports the efforts of public health practitioners working in nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention by: *Reviewing evidence of public health impact and disseminating population-level interventions; *Designing and providing practice-relevant training both in-person and web-based; *Addressing social determinants of health and health equity through training and translation efforts; and, *Providing guidance on evaluating policies and programs aimed at impacting healthy eating and physical activity.[[br]] [[br]] Appropriate evidence based interventions can be found at: [http://www.centertrt.org/?p=interventions_interventions_overview]
Available ServicesVisit [http://www.choosehealth.utah.gov] for more information. Resource locater is also found here [http://choosehealth.utah.gov/your-health/resource-locator.php]. One aspect of chronic disease management is regular physical activity. Lifestyle change program information can be found here [http://choosehealth.utah.gov/your-health/lifestyle-change.php]
Page Content Updated On 11/14/2018, Published on 11/21/2018