Health Indicator Report of Melanoma of the Skin Incidence
According to the American Cancer Society, melanoma is much less common than other skin cancers such as basal cell and squamous cell, but it is far more dangerous. Risk factors that can be controlled are exposure to sunlight and UV radiation during work and play. A history of sunburns early in life increases one's risk for melanoma. Risk for melanoma also increases with the severity of the sunburn or blisters. Lifetime sun exposure, even if sunburn does not occur, is another risk factor for melanoma. Another modifiable risk factor is location. People who live of certain areas in the U.S. experience higher rates of melanoma. These are areas with a high elevation, warmer climate, and where sunlight can be reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice. Risk for melanoma is greatly increased by tanning, both outside with oils and by using sunlamps and tanning booths. Even people who tan well without burning are at risk for melanoma. Tan skin is evidence of skin damaged by UV radiation. Health care providers strongly encourage people, especially young people, to avoid tanning beds, booths, and sunlamps. The risk of melanoma is greatly increased by using these artificial sources of UV radiation before age 30.
Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2013
NotesICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43. [[br]] [[br]] Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. population.
- The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014
- U.S. Cancer Statistics: WONDER Online Database. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute. Accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cancer.html]
DefinitionThe rate of melanoma incidence in Utah per 100,000 population. (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.)
NumeratorThe number of melanoma incidents among Utahns for a specific time period. (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.)
DenominatorThe total population of Utah for a specific time period.
How Are We Doing?Utah's age-adjusted rate for melanoma incidence has been rising from 20.4 per 100,000 population in 2000 to 37.2 per 100,000 population in 2013. Among local health districts, the highest age-adjusted melanoma of the skin incidence rate was in Summit County (63.6 per 100,000 population 2011-2013) and it was the only local health district to be significantly above the state rate in this time frame. From 2011-2013, local health districts with significantly lower age-adjusted melanoma of the skin incidence rates included Southeast Utah (19.5 per 100,000 population) and Utah County (26.8 per 100,000 population). Utah males were significantly more likely than Utah females to be diagnosed with melanoma of the skin. This difference between males and females increases with age; from 2012-2013 among those 65 years of age and over, the melanoma incidence rate for Utah males was 206.3 per 100,000 persons while the rate for females was 80.2 per 100,000 persons.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Utah has consistently ranked as the highest state nationally in terms of melanoma death and incidence. In 2012, the age-adjusted melanoma incidence rate in Utah was 35.0 per 100,000 and 19.9 in the U.S.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, melanoma cancer prevention, and cancer survivorship advocacy.
Page Content Updated On 01/13/2016, Published on 01/26/2016