Indicator Report - Melanoma of the Skin Deaths
Why Is This Important?According to the American Cancer Society, melanoma is much less common than other skin cancers such as basal cell and squamous cell, but it is far more dangerous.
Risk factors that can be controlled are exposure to sunlight and UV radiation during work and play. A history of sunburns early in life increases one's risk for melanoma. Risk for melanoma also increases with the severity of the sunburn or blisters. Lifetime sun exposure, even if sunburn does not occur, is another risk factor for melanoma.
Another modifiable risk factor is location. People who live of certain areas in the U.S. experience higher rates of melanoma. These are areas with a high elevation, warmer climate, and where sunlight can be reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice.
Risk for melanoma is greatly increased by tanning, both outside with oils and by using sunlamps and tanning booths. Even people who tan well without burning are at risk for melanoma. Tan skin is evidence of skin damaged by UV radiation. Health care providers strongly encourage people, especially young people, to avoid tanning beds, booths, and sunlamps. The risk of melanoma is greatly increased by using these artificial sources of UV radiation before age 30.
Data NotesCodes used to define melanoma of the skin: ICD-10 C43. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population.
Data SourcesUtah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2011.
DefinitionThe rate of death from melanoma of the skin (ICD-9: 172.9, ICD-10: C43) per 100,000 population.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 01/22/2014, Published on 01/30/2014