Indicator Report - Measles Infections
Why Is This Important?Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that can be particularly serious in infants and adults. Although measles usually lasts only one to two weeks, it can cause serious complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, and encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). In very young or malnourished patients, blindness can occur.
Measles is a common and often fatal disease in developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that in 2012 there were 226,722 reported cases of measles worldwide, with 120,000 estimated deaths.
Before the measles vaccine was introduced in 1963, more than a half million cases of measles were reported annually in the United States. Due to intensive efforts to vaccinate preschool aged children, reported cases of measles have declined rapidly over time.
The United States has established the goal of eliminating the transmission of endemic measles strains. Surveillance data indicates this goal was reached in 2000.
Data NotesThe U.S. rates are derived from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports. The Utah rates are derived from Utah annual surveillance reports.
Data SourcesUtah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2013.
DefinitionNumber of reported confirmed cases of measles infections in Utah per 100,000 population per year.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 10/17/2014, Published on 10/27/2014