Indicator Report - Motor Vehicle Crash Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations
Why Is This Important?Utah hospitalization and ED charges are greater for injuries sustained from motor vehicle crashes (MVC) than from any other injury causes except falls. In 2006, the total treat-and-release ED charges for MVC injuries came to just under $27 million while total hospitalization charges were nearly $50 million. Moreover, most motor vehicle crash injuries are preventable.
Data NotesICD-9 Codes: E810-E819, E958.5, E968.5, E988.5. At 82.8 per 10,000 population (2006), Utah's MVC ED visit rate is substantially lower than the U.S. rate (106.9 per 10,000 in 2007). Utah has consistently had a lower rate than the U.S. overall and this difference has been statistically significant. Both for Utah and the U.S. overall, there has been a decline in MVC ED visits since 2001. In 2001, the U.S. rate of MVC ED visits was 122 per 10,000 population. In Utah the rate was 97 per 10,000 population in 2001. In 2007 the U.S. rate was 107 per 10,000 population, a decrease of 12% over six years. In 2006 the Utah rate was 83 per 10,000 population, a decrease of 14% over five years. Utah's lower MVC ED rate is likely the combination of several factors including an above average use of seatbelts and fewer fatal crashes per 100 million miles driven (a 5-year average of 1.24 deaths per 100 million miles driven) as compared to the U.S. overall of 1.48 deaths per 100 million miles driven.
Both U.S. and Utah data are age-adjusted (2000 U.S. standard population). ED visits include all ED visits, not just treat-and-release. National data estimates are based on weighted data from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS).
Data SourcesNational Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). Emergency Department Encounter Database, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, Utah Department of Health.
DefinitionThe number of outpatient emergency department (ED) encounters/inpatient hospitalizations for motor vehicle crash injuries per 10,000 persons in the population. This includes persons who may have died as a result of their injuries. ICD-9 Codes: E810-E819, E958.5, E968.5, E988.5.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 04/04/2012, Published on 08/27/2012