Health Indicator Report of Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Deaths
In Utah in 2013, motor vehicle traffic crashes (MVTCs) accounted for 192 deaths. This was one of the main injury causes of death. Other types of injury death that year included accidental and undetermined poisoning (531), suicide (570), and unintentional falls (231).
Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Death Rates by Race, Utah, 2009-2013
NotesICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-V28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age groups (0-44, 45-64, 65+).
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2013
DefinitionMotor vehicle traffic crash deaths among Utah residents per 100,000. ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-V28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.
NumeratorNumber of Utah resident deaths due to motor vehicle traffic crashes.
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population of Utah.
Healthy People Objective IVP-13.1:Reduce motor vehicle crash-related deaths: Deaths per 100,000 population
U.S. Target: 12.4 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 8.7 deaths per 100,000 population
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators
How Are We Doing?The motor vehicle traffic crash (MVTC) death rate has been decreasing in Utah over the past two decades. For males ages 15-19, 20-24, 25-44, and 45-64 there have been statistically significant decreases in motor vehicle traffic death rates from 1999 through 2013. Although there has been a decrease in the rate for males age 65+, it was not statistically significant. Note: there were too few cases in the 0-14 age groups to include in yearly analysis. For females ages 15-19, 20-24, and 45-64, there have been statistically significant decreases in MVTC death rates from 1999 through 2012. Although there has been a decrease in the rate for females ages 25-44 and 65+, it was not statistically significant. Note: there were too few cases in the 0-14 age groups to include in yearly analysis. Residents who live in rural areas tend to have higher MVTC death rates than those residing in urban areas. During 2011-2013, Southeastern Utah (28.6 per 100,000 population) and TriCounty (25.3 per 100,000 population) health districts had the highest MVTC death rates, Summit County (4.9 per 100,000 population) and Utah County (5.1 per 100,000 population) health districts had the lowest. Age-adjusted MVTC death rates were significantly higher for males (9.6 per 100,000 population) than for females (4.8 per 100,000 population) in Utah in 2013. Utah males aged 65+ had the highest MVTC death rates (17.7 per 100,000 population) in 2013, followed by males aged 45-64 (14.0 per 100,000 population) and males aged 25-44 (10.4 per 100,000 population). Among females, the highest MVTC death rate was among Utahns aged 65+ (9.1 per 100,000 population).
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In 2008, Utah had a lower rate of MVTC deaths per miles driven (1.06 fatalities per million vehicle miles traveled) than the U.S. (1.26 fatalities per million vehicle miles traveled).(1)
What Is Being Done?The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) provides funding to Utah's 12 local health departments to implement motor vehicle safety programs and Safe Kids coalitions/chapters activities. These programs focus on child passenger safety and teen driving. The VIPP partners with the Utah Teen Driving Safety Task Force, Zero Fatalities Program, and Utah Highway Safety Office, among other state and local agencies to prevent MVTC deaths. For the past six years, a book has been published that tells the stories of teens who died in motor vehicle-related crashes. The book is distributed to each drivers education instructor in the state as a prevention tool. The books can be downloaded at http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/motorVehicleSafety/TeenDriving.htm or www.dontdrivestupid.com. The Utah Department of Transportation's Zero Fatalities Program (http://ut.zerofatalities.com/) is a comprehensive, educational campaign aimed at reducing Utah's top five causes of traffic related deaths: not buckling up, drowsy driving, impaired driving, distracted driving, and aggressive driving. Utah is one of 18 states that does not have a primary seat belt law. Primary seat belt laws allow law enforcement officers to ticket a driver for not wearing a seat belt, without any other traffic offense taking place. Secondary seat belt laws state that law enforcement officers may issue a ticket for not wearing a seat belt only when there is another citable traffic infraction. The Utah Department of Public Safety conducts an annual safety belt observational survey to determine safety belt use for Utah. Overall, safety belt use in Utah for 2014 was 83.4%, a decrease from 2011's rate of 89.2%. In 1999, a graduated driver licensing law (GDL) was enacted in Utah to address the concern of teenage driving and crashes. GDL programs allow young drivers to safely gain driving experience before obtaining full driving privileges. GDL programs are proven to reduce the number of fatal crashes among young drivers. Several changes have been made to Utah's GDL since 1999. There has been a 62% decrease in the rate of teens ages 15-17 killed in motor vehicle crashes since Utah's GDL laws went into effect in 1999. Prior to 1999, there was only a 31% decrease. In 2000, the Utah Legislature upgraded the law to make child safety seat use mandatory for children through age four. In 2008, the Utah Legislature enacted a booster seat law, requiring children younger than 8 years of age to use an appropriate child restraint device like a car seat or a booster seat. Previously, the law only required children under the age of 5 to use an approved child restraint device. The new law now protects children from ages 5 through 7 through use of a booster seat or car seat. However, children younger than 8 who are at least 57 inches tall are exempt from the law and may use a regular seat belt. In 2009, the Utah Legislature passed HB290 which prohibits texting and use of electronic mail while driving. In 2013, the Utah Legislature passed HB103 which bans drivers 18 years of age and younger from talking on a cell phone while driving. In 2014, the Utah Legislature passed SB253, which prohibits drivers from using cell phones and other electronic devices to manually dial phone numbers, access the internet, or take photos or videos while driving.
Available ServicesCall 1-888-DASH-2-DOT or visit http://cert.safekids.org/ to locate the certified child passenger safety technician nearest you. Violence and Injury Prevention Program, Utah Department of Health 801-538-6141 http://health.utah.gov/vipp Safe Kids Utah Service provided: child safety seat inspection, booster seat inspection 801-538-6852 http://www.safekidsutah.org Zero Fatalities Program http://ut.zerofatalities.com/ Utah Highway Safety Office 801-293-2480 http://publicsafety.utah.gov/highwaysafety Utah Safety Council Service provided: defensive driving course 801-262-5400 www.utahsafetycouncil.org Intermountain Injury Control Research Center 801-585-9157 http://iicrc.med.utah.edu/ NATIONAL WEB SITES: Governors Highway Safety Association http://www.ghsa.org/ National Center for Injury Prevention and Control www.cdc.gov/injury/index.html National Highway Transportation Safety Administration www.nhtsa.dot.gov/ Safe Kids USA www.usa.safekids.org Children's Safety Network www.childrenssafetynetwork.org U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission www.cpsc.gov/
Health Program InformationThe Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.
Page Content Updated On 12/02/2014, Published on 12/02/2014